PAINTING 13TH-‐ AND 14TH-‐CENTURY ITALIAN PAINTING
- University of Nebraska - Lincoln
- Art And Art History
- Art And Art History 102
- PAINTING 13TH-‐ AND 14TH-‐CENTURY ITALIAN PAINTING
Last Modified: 2011-07-02
The altarpiece would serve as a backdrop for the elevation of the Host during Mass
paintings on wooden panel or canvas, although they could also be sculptural.
Altarpieces were first commissioned in the thirteenth century, after the doctrine of transubstantiation
An altarpiece often served as a backdrop to this action, providing a frame for the elevated host and, in some cases, underlining its significance
Payment was based on the cost of materials, labor, and the quality of the workmanship
Enrico Scrovegni's Arena Chapel, in order to atone for his father's sin of usury
2 Linen soaked then laid or molded into panel
3 Gesso grosso: coating of a coarse mixture of gypsum/animal glue
4 Gesso sottile: initial drawing is made
5 Gesso sottile layer: gold leaf applied/burnished
6 Final- egg tempra paint
Two parts - on part of the artist, and on part of the beholder to "decode"
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