The nurse is caring for a neonate with a suspected tracheoesophageal fistula. Nursing care should include which of the following?
Elevate head but give nothing by mouth.
-excessive salivation and drooling
-coughing, choking, cyanosis
-increased respiratory distress after feeding
hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets
-Blocks reabsorption of sodium and water in proximal renal tubule and interferes with reabsorption of sodium
An atrial septal defect is a congenital heart defect where the wall between the right and left atria does not close properly, leaving a hole between the two atria.
Ventricular septal defect is a congenital defect of the heart, that occurs as an abnormal opening in the wall that separates the right and left ventricles. Ventricular septal defect may also be associated with other heart defects.
Surgical closure of the ductus arteriosus would do which of the following?
The atrial septal defect results in increased pulmonary blood flow. Blood flows from the left atrium (higher pressure) into the right atrium (lower pressure) and then to the lungs via the pulmonary artery.
What term is best described as the inability of the heart to pump an adequate amount of blood to the systemic circulation at normal filling pressures?
congestive heart failure is the inability of the heart to pump an adequate amount of blood to the systemic circulation at normal filling pressures to meet the metabolic demands of the body.
Heart valve disorder that narrows or obstructs the aortic valve opening, which prevents the valve from opening properly and obstructs the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta. Reducing the amount of blood that flows forward to the body.
block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II so that, instead of vasoconstriction, vasodilation occurs.
distended neck veins
rapid weight gain
BP 80-90 systolic over 40-50 diastolic
L pressure is higer, so blood flows from L to R through septum,
when R side pressure > L
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