American psychologist who conducted research on memory, personality, and dreams; established one of the first U.S. psychology research laboratories; first woman president of the American Psychological Association.
English naturalist and scientist whose theory of evolution through natural selection was first published in On the Origin of Species in 1859.
Austrian physician and founder of psychoanalysis.
G. Stanley Hall
American. psychologist who established the first psychology research laboratory in the United States; founded the American Psychological Association.
American philosopher and psy chologist who founded psychology in the United States and established the psychological school called functionalism.
American. humanistic psychologist who developed a theory of motivation
Russian physiologist whose pioneering research on learning contributed to the development of behaviorism; discovered the basic learning process that is now called classical conditioning
American psychologist who founded the school of humanistic psychology
B. F. Skinner
American psychologist and leading proponent of behaviorism; developed a model of learning called operant conditioning, discussed inChapter 5; emphasized studying the relationship between environmental factors and observable behavior.
Francis C. Sumner
American psychologist who was the first African American to receive a doctorate in psychology in the United States; chaired Howard University psychology department.
Edward B. Titchener
British-born American psychologist who founded structuralism, the first school of psychology.
Margaret Floy Washburn
American psychologist who was the first woman to earn a doctorate in psy chology in the United States; published research on mental processes in animals
John B. Watson
American psychologist who founded behaviorism,emphasizing the study of observable behavior and rejecting the study of mental processes.
German physiologist who founded psychology as a formal science; opened first psychology research laboratory in 1879
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