-Conducted a sex survey of Victorian women. -Found that 80% of women felt a sexual desire (despite stereotypes that women felt NO desire). -72% of women experienced orgasm. -Suspected that women's relative slowness at reaching orgasm might be a cause of marital conflicts. -64% used some form of birth control -Survey shows that despite the Victorian Era's repressive teachings, some women still managed to enjoy sex. -Sample group was very similar within
-Founder of psychiatry and psychoanalysis
Henry Havelock Ellis
-Compiled a vast collection of info on sexuality which was published in a series of volumes entitled "Studies in the Psychology of Sex." -Believed that women, like men, are sexual creatures. -Believed that sexual deviations from the norm are often harmless and urged society to accept them.
Richard Von Krafft-Ebing
-Focused on "pathological" sexuality. -Coined the concepts of sadism, masochism, pedophilia, heterosexuality, homosexuality
German Magnus Hirschfeld
-Founded first sex research institute and administered first large-scale sex survey, obtaining data from 10k people on a 130-item questionnaire. -Established the first journal devoted to the study of sex -Established a marriage counseling service -Gave advice on contraception and sex problems -Special interest in homosexuality, as he was himself a homosexual and transvestite.
Masters & Johnson
a professor and author of human sexuality
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