Hyperpigmentation from the hormone melanin in the skin, characterized by brownish macules on the cheeks, forehead, lips, and/or neck; a common dermatologic adverse effect of female hormonal medications (also called melasma).
The structure that forms on the surface of the ovary after every ovulation and acts as short-lived endocrine organ that secretes progesterone.
Glands that secrete one or more hormones directly into the blood.
The collective term for one of two major classes of female sex steroid hormones (the other is progestins); estradiol is responsible for most estrogenic physiologic activity.
The passages through which ova are carried from the ovary to the uterus.
The hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
The term used to describe any replacement of natural body hormones with hormonal drug dosage forms. Most commonly HRT refers to estrogen replacement.
The attachment to, penetration of, and embedding of the fertilized ovum in the lining of the uterine wall. It is one of the first stages of pregnancy.
The first menses in a woman's life and the beginning of cyclic menstrual function.
Cessation of menses that marks the end of a woman's childbearing capability.
The normal flow of blood that occurs during menstruation.
The recurring cycle of changes in the endometrium in which the decidual layer is shed, regrows, proliferates, is maintained for several days, and is shed again at menstruation unless a pregnancy begins.
Compounds inolved in energy storage and release as well as in determination and transmission of genetic characteristics.
A condition characterized by the progressive loss of bone density and thinning of bone tissue; it is associated with increased risk of fracture.
Femal reproductive or germ cells.
The location of egg production and ovulation in the ovary; the follice is the precursor to the corpus luteum.
The pair of female gonads located on each side of the abdomen beside the uterus. They store the ova and release them during the ovualtion phase of menses.
The rupture of the ovarian follicle which results in release of an unfertilized ovum into the peritoneal cavity, from which it normally enter the fallopian tube.
The collective term for the second major class of female hormones.
-Progesterone is responsible for most progestational physiologic activity.
The period of life when the ability to reproduce begins.
The hollow, pear shaped female organ in which the fertilized ovum is implanted and the fetus develops.
The part of the female genitalia that forms a canal from its external orifice through its vestibule to the uterine cervix.
Want to see the other 22 Flashcards in Pharmacology Chapter 34 Terms?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!