Uses: vitamin b12, deficiency, pernicious anemia, malabsorption. Contradictions: hypersensitivity, optic nerve atrophy. Precautions: pregnancy(A), breastfeeding, children. Interactions: increased absorption when taken with prednisone; Side Effects: CHF, pulmonary edema, diarrhea, anaphlactic shock Administration: keep away from light and heat. PO, IM, and IV
Uses: megaloblastic or macrocytic anemia caused by folic acid deficency. alcoholism, pregnancy. Contradictions: hypersensitivity, any anemia other than megaloblastic, vitamin b12 deficency. Precautions: pregnancy A Side Effects: bronchospasm, flushing. Administration: PO, Im, Subcut, IV * Store in a light resistant container.
Ferrous Sulfate- Iron
Uses: iron deficiency anemia, nutritional supplement. Contradictions: hypersensitivity, ulcerative colitis/ enteritis, hemosiderosis, hemochromatosis, pepric ulcer disease, hemloytic anemia, cirrhosis. Precautions: prenancy B Side Effects: nausea, constipation, epigastric pain, black and tarry stools Toxicity: nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, green then tarry stools, hematemsis, pallor, cyanosis, shock, and coma. ** Avoid reclining 30 minutes after taking iron(could cause esophagel erosion).
Uses: Iron Deficiency Anemia Contradictions: hypersensitivity Precautions: Pregnancy C, acute renal disease, asthma, lupus, hypotension, Side Effects: seizure, shock, nausea, leukocytosis, Toxicity: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, cyanosis, CV collapse Black Box: hypersensitivity, allergy, anaphylaxis, rash, purititis, fever, chills, wheezing Overdose: Give Benadrayl or Epinephrine