History of U.S.-Philippine Relations 1889 ? 1898 Philippine Revolution against Spanish Colonialism 1898 U.S. Involvement in the Philippines 1899 Philippine ? American War Scope of the Philippine-American War -Economic/Political Interests Ideological Impetus Manifest Destiny White Man?s Burden Enduring U.S. Colonial Legacy in the Philippines Timeline 1889 ? 1898 - Philippine Revolution against Spanish Colonialism 1896 -start of armed revolt Nov. 1897 -military stalemate between Spanish and Filipino forces June 12, 1898 -Declaration of Philippine Independence Jan.23, 1899 -Philippine Republic is inaugurated 1898 U.S. Involvement in the Philippines Spanish-American War February 1898- U.S. Battleship Maine explodes in Havana April 25, 1898- U.S. declares war on Spain May 1, 1898- Commodore George Dewey destroys the decrepit Spanish fleet in Manila Bay; U.S. military presence in the Philippines begins Sept. 12, 1898- mock battle for face-saving surrender to the U.S. of the Spanish forces surrounded by Philippine revolutionary forces in Manila December 21, 1898- U.S.-Spain Treaty of Paris, Spain sells the Philippines to the U.S. for $20 million 1899 - Philippine ? American War February 4, 1899 - -?officially? started when U.S. Pvt. Willie Grayson shot Filipino soldier at San Juan Bridge in Manila February 6, 1899 ? U.S. Senate ratified Treaty of Paris (U.S.-Spain) clearing the way for the annexation of the Philippines as U.S. colony July 4, 1902 - -?officially ended? when Pres. Theodore Roosevelt declared it (-in fact, as late as March 22, 1915, Filipino Moro forces were still battling the U.S. in Mindanao) Scope of the Philippine-American War 127,000 U.S. troops were deployed in the Philippines by December 1900, 70,000 American soldiers were fighting in this war 6,000 were African Americans in 6 Colored Regiments segregated from other soldiers; at least a dozen African American soldiers are recorded to have defected to the Philippine Republic side, with one earning the rank of captain ?David Fagen- and more numbers deserted, integrating into the local population death toll estimates for Filipinos range from 200,000, 600,000, to as high as over 1 million 4,200 American soldiers were killed, 2,800 were wounded during the first 2 years of the war Context for U.S. Involvement in the Philippines Economic/Political Interests Ideological Impetus -Manifest Destiny -White Man?s Burden Enduring U.S. Colonial Legacy in the Philippines Philippine Participation in Pres. Bush?s ?Coalition of the Willing? or ?Coalition of the Insignificant? Pres. Obama?s Silence on Pres. Arroyo?s Human Rights Record U.S. Economic Presence U.S. Aid Visiting Forces Agreement Bells of Balangiga Adm. Dewey?s Monument at SF Union Square U.S. as Preferred Destination of Filipino Immigrants
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