1st Philosopher. -Known for form of argument: All is made of Water/Change.
-The Universe came out of Apeiron, which fell apart to create our Univ. -At Apocalypse Aperon will be restored. -He added Transcendental realm to Philosophy. -Argument against hum: Ex nihilo, nihil. Connection: Pupil of Thales. Indian Cosmogony.
-Believed that the World is math. -Lead a cult. (Bean Rules) -Metempsychosis: purified mins leads to relief of burden of the Body. -Thought the mind was pure, while the body was impure.
Connection: Pupil of Anaximander. Orphic Religion.
- All is made of air. Different densities of air create the different substances on Earth. -Thought quantity and quality are correlated.
Connection: Third from Miletus.
-Everything is change and fire. -His becoming is called Heraclitian Flux. It is governed by laws: Logos. -The appearance of being is and illusion. -The Dark One . "War is King" because it brings out the best. -Opposites define each other. Connection: Opp. Parmenides.
-Only being. Change is an illusion. -One cannot say "There is nothing." -There is no nothing, no space, no zero. -Plenum: No empty space in Univ. -> No multiplicity-> No motion. Connection: Opp. Heraclitus. Supported by Zeno.
-Introduced technique of Reductio Ad Absurdum. Connection: Supported Parmenides and opposed the Pythagoreans.
-Everything is composed of four roots. -Philia: Love -Neikos: Strife. Bring and separate things. -Beasts of all kinds. Only the strongest survive. Connection: Still Mythical theory was perfected by Anaxagoras.
-Homoiomereiai: There are infinite seeds. -Panspermia: A little of everything in everything. -Nous: (Mind) Animate has Nous from within. Inanimate has Nous from without.
-There is only matter (and physical laws) -There is no mind that intervenes
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