? More personal than many of the other scientific journals, etc of his time ? Did a lot of little experiments ? A mildly modest man ? In the Galapagos, he didn?t label the finches by island § He found different variations of finches and they had different beaks across the different islands ? When he came back, he didn?t know right away what his research proved, but he found out w/in a few months although he received criticism from the Church
Sorcerer 2 expedition
? Modeled after the Challenger ? Every 2 miles, get samples ? Found astonishing results ? Halifax, Carribbean, mexico, panama canal, galapagos, etc.
Divides the binomial nomenclature ? Believed that creators were only created once, couldn?t change/evolve ? He explained different animals using the great flood
? Comte de Buffon
? He said that different parts of the world have different organisms but live in similar climates (Buffon's Law) ? Also said that the animals would've had to travel too far for Linneaus to be right ? Said it started in the North Pole, then some species made their way to the old world or new world then evolved there
? Joseph Banks
? Took samples of different organisms from all over and studied them
3 important things they were concerned about:
1. These regions were divided by the types of animals 2. They were concerned about the origin of these animals 3. Concerned about the causes for the type of animals and where they were distributed
? Charles Lyell:
? Used the "fossil record" ? Found that sea levels changed over the course of history ? And the climate of the Earth has changed over time ? He still thought that the organisms themselves didn?t change
the theory that the same geologic processes occurred in the past as occur today, and that geologic formations and structures can be interpreted by observing present-day actions
? Scientific Method:
? Addressing/testing probs systematically ? Procedure of analysis by which one tests a falsifiable hypothesis about a natural phenomenon with an experiment or modeling exercise whose results are recorded and statistically analyzed.
Principles of Sci Method
? An attempt @ objectivity (rather than cheerleading one's own expectations): multiple hypotheses ? Falsifiable hypothesis ? Observations that are measured & recorded ? An attempt to control extraneous factors ? Replication (multiple measurements) ? Representative sampling (generalization) ? Share findings/peer review ? Conclusions are provisional
"classical sci method"
? Observations ? Question ? Hypothesis ? Prediction ? Test ? -->theory (results support the hypothesis)
Can be proven right or wrong
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