The area of patrol that receives a disproportionate number of calls for police service and/or has a very high crime rate is known as a:
The method of patrol described as a difficult tradeoff between efficiency and community relations is described as:
The amount of individual police work done by patrol officers on a daily basis is termed:
Officer initiated activity
The “watchman” style of policing emphasizes:
Peacekeeping without aggressive law enforcement
The style of policing implements the criminal justice process as frequently as possible and offenders, regardless of their circumstances or the severity of their offense, seldom escape sanction is termed:
The “service” style of policing would most likely be found in which type of community?
A small rural community
Only 20 to 30 percent of all calls involve criminal law enforcement. Most calls are actually:
The time taken for police to get to the scene of a call is measured and referred to as:
The landmark event testing the effectiveness of patrol to determine the impact was known as
Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment
The type of program which officers are instructed to look for specific persons or types of crimes. Or to patrol certain areas intensively is called:
Which of the following is not a characteristic of “traditional” supervisors?
They engage in community-oriented activities
Which of the following is not a characteristic of “innovative” supervisors
somewhat negative views of subordinates
Which of the following is not a characteristic of “supportive” supervisors?
provide discipline for honest mistakes
Which of the following is not a characteristic of “active” supervisors?
negative view of subordinates
What area is considered the “nerve center” of the modern police department?
the communications center
Who is responsible for the introduction of the 911 emergency number in 1968
About how many of all calls received by 911 centers result in the dispatch of a police officer
about 50 percent
Studies of the 911 call workload give a comprehensive picture of routine police patrol work. From these studies, what percentage of all calls for service was found to involve criminal law enforcement?
20- 30 percent
The total response time between the commission of a crime and the moment a police officer arrives includes four separate parts. Which of the following is not one of the four parts?
What is the easiest way for a patrol officer to avoid work?
delay reporting completion of a call
What criticisms of 911-driven policing do advocates of community policing and problem-oriented policing make?
911 policing is reactive and limited to isolated incidents
What was one of the findings of the 1973 Kansas City Patrol Beat Experiment?
Lower levels of patrol did not lead to an increase in crime.
What is the “phantom effect” or “residual deterrence” as named by criminologists?
Most people believe the police are present even when there is no patrol in the area
The Kansas City Patrol Beat Experiment tested only what area of police patrol?
the level of police patrol
The Kansas City Patrol Beat Experiment involved what type of patrol?
The Newark Foot Patrol Experiment found that additional foot patrol had what effect?
a positive effect on citizens’ attitudes
Differential response programs classify calls according to which of the following criteria?
level of seriousness
What is the purpose of the telephone reporting units?
allows for a report of crime where no immediate response is required
Certain situations merit the assistance of the Non-Emergency Services Unit. Which is not a situation when citizens should call for a Non-Emergency Services Unit?
minor property crimes in progress
What is the reverse 911 call service?
a system that allows police to call citizens in a particular neighborhood with important information
The inefficiency of foot patrol coverage is offset by anticipated gains in what area?
In 2003, the Washington, D.C. Police Department was investigated to see what percentage of officers officially assigned to patrol were actually available for duty. According to the investigation, what was the percentage of officers available for duty?
about 24 percent
Which organizational style emphasizes peacekeeping without aggressive law enforcement and few controls over rank-and-file officers?
What do most 911 calls involve?
order maintenance or service incidents
Modern police department have instituted written policies in an attempt to control high-speed pursuits. These policies fall into general categories. Which category limits discretion by specifying the conditions under which pursuits may be initiated?
In a police department, who are considered the “gatekeepers” of the criminal justice system?
Which of the following is generally considered the least desirable assignment?
the traffic unit
____________, creator of the modern police, defined the purpose of police patrol
Which city has the highest police-population ratio?
Who first developed the standard workload formula for assigning patrol officers?
O. W. Wilson
Concerning shift assignment of patrol officers a PERF report concluded that:
frequent change of shifts is deleterious to the physical and psychological health of an officer
Patrol beat 144, which had one of the highest homicide rates in the country, was in which city?
Concerning the issue of one- versus two-officer patrol cars, the Police Foundation found tha
one-officer cars were assaulted less often and encountered fewer resisting-arrest situations
To staff a single police officer position seven days a week and 24 hours a day requires _________ officer(s?
When an officer stops or questions people, frisks suspicious citizens, and makes informal contacts with law-abiding citizens, this is called
The style of policing that emphasizes responsiveness to community expectations and is generally found in suburban police departments is called
The style of policing that emphasizes aggressive crime-fighting and attempts to control officer behavior through a rule-bound, by-the-book administrative approach is called:
The recommended number of officer for a sergeant to supervise is
The emergency system of 911 was introduced by the:
American Telephone and Telegraph Company.
What percentage of calls to the police are for order maintenance?
The amount of time it takes for a police car to arrive at your house after you have called the police is called:
The interval between the discovery of a crime and when the citizen calls the police is called the
The length of time it takes patrol officers to reach the scene is called the:
The first scientific experiment testing the effectiveness of patrol was:
the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment
The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment found that
variations in the level of patrol had no significant impact on crime
Cities with more police per population have lower crime rates
Patrol work is not the most important aspect of policing.
Two-way radio communication has eliminated the possibility of patrol officers avoiding work.
High-speed pursuits are a major problem in police patrol.
Community-policing officers spend less time in general patrol, but also less time than regular patrol officers in encounters with citizens
The patrol officer is generally the lowest paid, least-consulted, most taken-for-granted member of the force
James Q. Wilson points out that discretion decreases as one moves down the organizational hierarchy
More police are generally assigned to minority neighborhoods.
Because of community policing, most patrol done today is foot patrol.
One-officer patrol cars are more efficient than two-officer patrol cars.
Criminal law enforcement represents only a minority of all calls to the police department.
Some police departments are now starting to put advertising on some of their police cars.
Several studies have found that if you decrease response time you will increase the clearance rate.
Most calls to the police station are for serious criminal matters
In larger U.S. cities, most squad cars have two police officers assigned to them
Want to see the other 70 Flashcards in Policing Chapter 7?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!