Regarding public expectations, people often want the police to remove someone they believe does not belong there. This expectation is called
Maintaining a social boundary
When someone calls police because of noise, an argument, a family problem, or a dispute with neighbors, the function of police is:
Relieving an unpleasant situation
If someone calls the police about another person as a way of diverting attention away from his or her own behavior, this is termed
When people use the police for missing children, medicals crises, suicide attempts, or being locked out of their car, this activity is called:
Obtaining an emergency service.
A dispute involving two or more people engaged in an intimate relationship is commonly known as a
The study that sought to determine the deterrent effect of arrest, mediation, and separation in misdemeanor domestic violence was called:
Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment
Law enforcement to regulated activities associated with public morality are called:
Crime of vice
The public element that establish semi permanent camps in public parks, resist transport to shelters, and sleep in bus stations is commonly referred to as the:
The efforts in exercising great discretion with the mentally ill with a variety of services and informal tactics is called
Psychiatric first aid.
With few community resources, police officers maybe inclined to arrest a mentally ill person for a misdemeanor. This practice is called
Which of the following is the most common type of order maintenance activity carried out by the police?
What percentage of all licensed drivers are stopped at least once by the police each year?
Prostitution is a common problem in many communities. It is estimated that there are about 250,000 prostitutes in the nation. What is their weekly clientele base?
What is the estimated yearly gross revenue from prostitution in the United States?
What is the name for the newest type of prostitute who emerged in the 1980s with the introduction of crack cocaine?
What is the name for the prostitute who represents the upper end of the economic scale of prostitution?
Today it is legal to bet on the lottery in almost all states. In how many states is it illegal?
How much revenue does legalized gambling generate each year?
Officers exercise great discretion in handling the mentally ill. Which is not one of their basic options?
medically assisted sedation
In communities with few mental health resources, police officers are sometimes inclined to arrest a mentally ill person for a misdemeanor. This practice is known as:
Some large departments have specialized responses for calls involving mentally ill persons. Which model involves sworn officers who have extensive training in responding to problems involving the mentally ill?
police-based specialized response
Many police departments coordinate youth-oriented programs as part of their prevention efforts. Which is not an example of such programs?
Much of police work involves order maintenance. Which is not an example of order maintenance?
Which model holds that police intervention can defuse potentially violent situations and prevent them from escalating into criminal violence?
crime prophylactic model
Which model holds that the latent coercive power of the police can help to steer potential lawbreakers into law-abiding behavior?
social work model
Which model holds that effective responses to non-crime calls can help the police establish greater credibility with the public?
community cooperation model
Which model holds that non-crime calls give officers a broader exposure to the community, with the result that they have more knowledge that will help them solve crimes?
police knowledge model
John C. Meyer identified four specific expectations people have of the police when they call for help in non-crime situations. What is the name of the expectation in which an individual calls the police about another person in order to divert attention away from his or her own behavior?
On an average evening, what percentage of all drivers are driving intoxicated?
Alcohol-related traffic fatalities have declined since the 1920s. Which is not a factor contributing to this trend?
increased speed limits
What percentage of all wives have experienced some sort of domestic violence, according to Straus and Gelles?
Which group of people report domestic violence most frequently?
Police officers exercise great discretion in handling domestic disturbances. What is the most common response in handling these disturbances?
What was the outcome of Bruno v. Codd in 1978?
Police agreed to adopt a written policy mandating arrests in cases of felonious assaults.
Which of the following was one of the first attempts to decrease officers’ arrest discretion?
mandatory arrest policies
The Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment sought to determine the relative deterrent effects of arrest, mediation, and separation. What was one its findings?
Arrests produced lower rates of repeat violence than mediation or separation.
Why do vice crimes present special enforcement problems?
They are victimless crimes.
Which is not considered a vice crime?
Which of the following is an objective in police streetwalking?
containment and keeping the peace only
Prostitution poses many legal problems for the police. Which is the most difficult issue for the police to overcome?
In most U.S. cities, what percentage of arrestees are current drug users?
Traditional juvenile units have several responsibilities. Generally, which is not one of these responsibilities
arresting negligent guardians of delinquents
The program G.R.E.A.T. seeks what type of prevention?
What percentage of police departments have special units for drug education in schools?
According to Lichtenburg and Smith, what percentage of police fatalities have occurred during routine traffic stops since 1988?
According to John C. Meyer, citizens have four different reasons for calling the police. Which of the following is not one of those reasons?
to define the principle of law
According to John C. Meyer, when someone calls the police about situations such as missing children, medical crises, or suicide, it is called:
obtaining an emergency service
The rate of alcohol-related traffic fatalities (based on the number of licensed vehicles and/or drivers) has
declined steadily since the 1920s
To a police officer, an argument involving two or more persons engaged in an intimate relationship is called a:
There were 1.1 million women victimized in 1993 by intimate partner violence in 1993. By 2004 that number was:
This type of prostitute is known as a hustler and hooker and typically works on a corner:
The police have at least three models of specialized responses for calls involving mentally ill persons. Which of the following models involves formal agreements and arrangements between police departments and community mental health organizations?
mental-health-based specialized mental health response
Historically, several factors have discouraged police officers from making arrests in domestic violence situation. Which of the following is not one of those reasons?
All of these are reasons police officers have been reluctant police to make arrests in domestic violence situation.
Traffic enforcement activity is perhaps the most common type of order maintenance activity carried out by the police.
Police officers generally find traffic enforcement a distasteful task.
There are at least 5 documented cases where officers have contracted HIV/AIDS from saliva.
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) found that not a single police officer in the United States has ever contracted HIV/AIDS as a result of a work-related exposure
The demeanor of a suspect has no effect on the police decision to arrest that suspect.
Minority youths are stopped and questioned at a higher rate than white youths
Police officers exercise great discretion in handling non-crime incidents.
As alcohol is so much a part of our society, the actual risk of arrest for drunk driving is extremely low
Older people consistently express more negative attitudes about the police than young people
Maintaining order and keeping the peace are small aspects of policing.
Some people fail to call the police for fear that they might also be arrested.
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