Political Parties When running for office ask for both P and L Between the Jackson and 2nd Eisenhower Administration four presidents had a divided government with a Senate or HOR being of another political party Political partied unified separate governments of people of different ideologys and backgrounds yet had the same ideology. As the party serves as a unifying funtion, it is because the members of the President?s party in Congress recognize the President as the leader of ?a band of brothers? Divided Government Difficult to unify with groups that take different sides on each issue. Accomplishments with a Divided Government D. Eisenhower?s foreign policy bipartisan Regan implemented his economic programs in 81 with some Dem support Bridged the gap t work toether on issues of illegal immigration social security and tax code reform yet the Federal Budget deficit remains unsolved Vietnam-President in one direction Congress in another ?considered failures attributable to mistrust between the unwilling partners of a forced coalition.? For policies to be created and carried out in a timely manner in the Senate, House, and President must come to an agreement. They must overcome the built in rivialries of the opposing parties, difficult. Disunity leads to delay, indecision and leads to deadlock, inadequate and ineffective politices. Electors live to win election in order to promote their policies and parties strive to defeat one another. Can?t ?just get along? because political parties @ the root disagreements, why they organized. Ex. If the opposition party in control of Congress initiates a measure, President has t veto it or he is saying of his opponents that they are and states men like-setting them up for their election. President Reagans budgets to Congress, Majority Dems called them ?dead on arrival? Pomper suggests that the US is moving towards a system of Parlimentary government fundamental change in our constitutional regime. Parties are great represent alternative programs, reasonably fullfill their promises Using the 1992 President and Congress 70% of their programs were successful 1994 695 of Republicans claims passes Party loyalty and cohesion rising average legislator party unity 60% 1970 1996 80% for Dems and 87% for Republicans House of Commons and Supreme Soviet couldn?t rival this unity. Judicial Review Eugene Rostow (1952) ?Judicial review is democratic, because it is an independent check on the activities of the majority, and protects the constitutional rights of the minority.? Purpose of a Constitution In England Parliament is the soverign, it can do what ever it wants. In the US written document adopted a soverign authority-establishes the rules and principles that govern an organization. Constitution is a social contact between the people and their government. Under the framework of the Constitution there are rules and principles. Football, soccer, baseball players can?t get away with any thing, there are rules enforced. The Court system are the refeeres. Justice Roberts said ?I call the balls and strikes when I see them? Congress can?t just do anything. Can?t dominate Obama ?Sir Obama? Foundations of Judicial Review James Iredell (North Caroline) 1786 The legislature has the right to pass laws, as ?the deliberate voice of the people,? But, ?the power of the Assembly is limited and defined by the Constitution; the Assembly have not a right to violate the Constitution? They have the duty and the order to not violate the Constitution. It is the Judicial that has to say ?wait up, you are violating the Constiution.
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