In congress, select (or special) committees are _______.
Temporary committees created to deal with a specific issue or problem
______ is unique to the House of Representatives.
The power to originate revenue bills
What is a procedure by which a senator asks to be informed before a particular bill or nomination is brought to the floor?
How many U.S. congressional House districts are there?
The ____ must create a compromise bill to reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and the Senate.
The constitutional provision that gives Congress broad powers to legislate beyond its enumerated power is called the _____.
Necessary and proper clause
The Framers of the Constitution created two separate houses of Congress, each of which they expected would serve two different interests. Whose interest was the Senate expected to serve?
Which of the following powers given to the Senate by the Constitution demonstrates the Framers' intent that the Senate should be the more prestigious house of Congress?
Conducting impeachment trials to remove a sitting president from office
Cloture is _____.
A mechanism used by the senate to end a filibuster
The members of the Senate and the House come to Washington as representatives of ________.
States and districts
One of the powers shared by both the Senate and the House is ________.
The power to declare war
Senators receive special perks and benefits while performing their official duties. Which of the following is an example of one of these privileges?
Franking privileges: A senator can send materials through the mail at no cost
When the vice president is not present, the Senate is formally led by the ______.
President pro tempore
The granting of funds to operate authorized federal programs and agencies is ______.
U.S. Senators represent _____.
A whole state, regardless of population
Which of the following is within the power of a committee chair?
Refusing to schedule hearings on a bill, thus killing it
Which of the following is an example of the power that party leaders have over their members in Congress?
Party leaders handle the difficult and sometimes contentious chore of making committee assignments
The congressional hearings on the management of the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina represent which part of Congress's job?
Which of the following is an example of impeachment?
A majority of the House votes to impeach the president and he is tried in the Senate
At the Constitutional Convention, the Great Compromise _______.
Established the bicameral legislature
The term "pork" refers to _____.
Spending appropriations that allows legislators to bring funding to their district in the form of public works projects or funding for military bases
In the Senate's advisory and consent role it has the power to ______.
Confirm presidential appointments
________ was a president who was impeached.
What is one of the results of the supreme court decisions allowing districts to be redrawn?
Voting districts may be drawn along racial lines as ling as race is not the predominant criterion
A filibuster can be used only in _______.
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is the ______.
Speaker of the House
In 2010, __ percent of incumbents won reelection in the House of Representatives.
A process by which presidents generally allow senators from the state in which a judicial vacancy occurs to block a nomination simply by registering their objection is called _______.
What type of committee, specified in the House and Senate rules, continues from one Congress to the next?
A standing committee
How is it possible for a party to control congressional policies?
Have a majority in both houses that increases the unity to pass their favored bills
Congressional committee hearings are ____.
Often designed to send signals from committee members to relevant parts of the bureaucracy
What predictor of voting behavior is more common in the House than it is in the Senate?
Are smaller and more specialized
The house controls debate through the _____.
Abraham Lincoln's presidency was instrumental in defining the president's role beyond the Constitution's rules. One of his legally questionable acts was _______.
Expanding the U.S. army beyond congressionally mandated limits
Which of the following is an accurate description of why congress passed the War Powers Resolution in 1973?
To limit the president's authority to send American troops into hostile foreign lands without congressional approval
______ was ranked as the best president in American history in a survey of historians from across the political spectrum.
The organization in the executive office that is responsible for advising the president on American military affairs and foreign policy is the _______.
National Security Council
Without the 1974 Supreme court ruling involving ______, the presidential power of executive privilege would have been less limited.
Throughout their tenure, most presidents have tended to ______.
The president's appointment of Cabinet members is sometimes slowed by ______.
Investigation into nominees' pasts
Franklin D. Roosevelt's involvement in the congressional budgetary process paved the way for the creation of the _______.
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
The _____ requires the president to inform Congress periodically of "the State of the Union."
Treaties made by the president require at least a two-thirds vote of approval from _____.
Franklin Roosevelt's time in office marked a significant change to the president's role in budgeting. Instead of Congress having primary responsibility for the budgetary process, ______.
The executive branch is now also significantly involved
How is the system of checks and balances used when the president uses an executive veto?
Congress can override a presidential veto by a two-thirds vote in each chamber
The _____ of the press secretary's office symbolizes his or her role as an intermediary between the president and the press.
George W. Bush received high approval ratings immediately after the 9/11 attacks. Such public support can be key in providing leaders with _______.
A mandate for action
Congress holds the power to declare war, but how have presidents since Lincoln initiated military action?
By appealing to their role as commander in chief
The president has the ability to influence public opinion by "going public" via TV, radio, and other methods. What does this entail?
The president tries to directly persuade the public instead of Congress to favor certain programs
What power allows the president to recognize the existence of other nations?
The power to receive ambassadors
If the U.S. were to follow the Articles of Confederation today, which of the following would be true?
There would be no executive branch of government
Which of the following is a characteristic of the presidency that is used to achieve policy support and goals within the electorate?
Which of these statements best describes the intent of the Framers of the Constitution when they created the office of the presidency?
The Framers wanted a president with limited authority and responsibilities
Modern presidents have used ____ to enhance their own power.
Direct appeals to the public
Which entity did Franklin Roosevelt establish to oversee his New Deal Programs?
The executive office of the President
Why might the president's power to convene only one house of Congress be important?
Both the president and the senate have concurrent power to make treaties
What was the importance of the landmark supreme court case Brown v. Board of Education?
State-mandated segregation of public schools was declared unconstitutional
A supreme court justice who agrees with the outcome reached by the majority but not with the legal reasoning behind the decision is likely to _______.
File a concurring opinion
An unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state-level federal judicial posts are usually not confirmed if they are opposed by a senator of the president's party from the state in which the nominee will serve is ________.
The principle of judicial review was first established expressly in writing in the supreme court decision of _________.
Marbury v. Madison
Who has the ultimate authority to interpret federal laws?
The supreme court
The supreme court's ruling that declares prayer in school unconstitutional has often remained unenforced. This is an example of one problem surrounding _________.
To become a justice of the Supreme court, a person has to be _______.
nominated by the president and confirmed by the senate.
How does the supreme court force government officials to do what it has mandated in a decision?
The court can only hope that respect for the law and the court will be enough to create compliance.
Which is true of a conservative justice?
He or she tends to favor judicial restraint and overrules liberal decisions
Which of the following is an example of a case that cannot be reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court?
A state court decision based solely on state law and its original intent
An inferior court referred to in the constitution is one _______.
Operating underneath the jurisdiction of the Supreme court
Which of the following is the strongest argument in favor of a judiciary that is somewhat removed from the public?
Justices who become too responsive to public opinion may ignore their role as neutral arbiters of the constitution
Which of the descriptions below best characterizes the most significant concern over judicial activism?
That the justices can use their personal preferences to set policy
What best describes a primary role of the US Supreme court?
Interpreting the constitution and affording due process to protect individual rights
The assertion that the judicial branch is the least democratic branch of the government, because judges are unelected, would best support what philosophy?
Nearly all appellate cases arrive to the supreme court via a petition for a ________.
Writ of certiorari
______ is important because it provides continuity and predictability in our judicial system.
Once the president has selected potential federal judiciary candidates, each candidate must be investigated by the ______ before being formally nominated.
The final decision of a court of appeals is reflected in the ________.
The U.S. circuit courts of appeals hear appeals regarding major issues from ______.
Federal district courts and administrative agencies
Supreme court decisions are binding and set precedents. Therefore, ______ is practiced for hearing cases similar to which the precedent was set.
Which of the following is a true statement about the U.S. District courts?
They have no appellate jurisdiction
The self-imposed limitation on judicial power by judges deferring to the policy judgments of elected branches of government is called ______.
Federal district courts are the federal equivalent of _______.
_____ is a ruling by a court that guides judicial reasoning in subsequent cases.
The member of the Justice Department who is responsible for handling nearly all supreme court appeals for the U.S. government is the ________.
What is the most criticized aspect of judicial restraint?
A strict constructionist interpretation of the constitution leads to injustice, particularly for historically-oppressed minorities.
The supreme court has the authority to hear appeals from a state court if ______.
A federal question is involved
Which of the following is not likely to influence a respondent's answer about proposed abortion legislation?
Which of the following is a shortcoming on polls?
Feeling intensity cannot be accurately measured
Americans have increasingly turned away from _____ as their main source of political news.
Network news broadcasts
Although children get their first grounding in political values from their parents, as they grow older that influence wanes because the children ______.
Spend more time with other people
Individuals' views about public policies, political parties, candidates, government institutions, and public officials are their ________.
A written document issuing a public official's stance or official comment on an issue is called a _______.
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