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Which of the following is a basic characteristic of the Texas Legislature?
The governor may call special sessions of the legislature.
Hybrid of citizen and professional legislature
Which one of the following statements describes a realistic scenario regarding the qualifications for office and length of terms for the Texas Legislature?
A Texas resident for fifteen years who seeks election to the Texas House of Representatives
The theory of representation that holds that elected officials are agents of the majority who elected them to office and thus they should carry out, to the extent possible, the wishes of the majority is the _________ model.
Elections to the North Dakota House of Representatives are different from elections to the Texas House of Representatives in that
North Dakota uses multi-member districts.
Which of the following described difference between the Texas House and Texas Senate is accurate?
The presiding officer of the Senate is chosen by popular vote.
Texas legislative elections in the general cycle choose a plurality winner. What is required to win?
One must win more votes than any opponent.
The major justification for a bicameral legislature is that
it makes it more difficult for a majority to abuse its power.
The significance of the U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Baker v. Carr and Reynolds v. Sims is that
the decisions established that legislatures must be apportioned according to the one-person, one-vote standard..
The significance of the length and frequency of legislative sessions of the Texas Legislature is
the legislature is less likely to manage the state budget, handle new issues, and review actions of the executive.
A major consequence of the low pay and part-time nature of legislative life in Texas is that
legislators often work in professions or industries that have a vested interest in state policy.
Geographic representation tends to go along with a __________ theory of representation.
Demographic representation tends to go along with a __________ theory of representation.
The description of the redistricting process in Texas for the Texas Legislature and for the U.S. House of Representatives leads to the conclusion that the process is
The two parties contest many more state legislative districts in North Dakota than they do in Texas elections. This may be due, in part, to
the use of multi-member districts in North Dakota.
The drawing of district boundaries for legislative districts in the Texas Legislature must follow the rule of
one person, one vote.
The redistricting method is an example of a hybrid system, because
if the legislature is unable to pass a plan, the duty is handed over to the Legislative Redistricting Board.
Standing committees contribute to the power of the chambers of the Texas Legislature by
creating a division of labor.
The standing committees of the Texas Legislature engage in oversight of the executive branch
to assure that procedures, standards, and regulations developed by the agencies follow legislative intent.
The importance of having a blocking bill at the top of the calendar in the Texas Senate is that
it allows the Senate to choose the order in which it will take up bills on the calendar.
If you attended a session of the Texas Legislature while floor votes were being taken, you might be misled as to what is happening by
the use of ghost votes and closed riders.
If the party caucuses gain power in the Texas Legislature, the result might be
a reduction in the overall power of the Texas delegation in the U.S. Congress.
The story of the “killer bees” illustrates
the problem created for the Texas Senate by the requirement of a two-thirds majority to pass most bills.
All of the following are tactics that the minority may use to defeat a bill on the floor of the Texas Legislature except?
putting a hold on the bill
All of the following statements concerning the governor’s veto power are true except
if the governor does not sign a bill within twenty days when it is passed at the end of a session, the bill dies.
To end a filibuster in the Texas Senate, a _________ vote is necessary.
Where in the legislative process do most bills “die?”
When they are waiting to be discussed in the standing committee of policy jurisdiction
A committee created to reconcile the differences in the Texas Senate and Texas House versions of a bill is a(an) ______________ committee.
What proportion of a legislative chamber must be present to fulfill the quorum requirement?
Which of the following is a mechanism in the Texas House to allow representatives to “run out the clock” on a bill waiting to be debated?
Who chooses the chairs of the Texas Senate’s committees?
The lieutenant governor
Which type of committee is charged with research or oversight to be completed in between sessions?
Which of the following contemporary legislative realities is the most consistent with the framers’ desire for a citizen legislature?
Members are paid a low base pay.
What is the purpose of an emergency clause of proposed legislation?
It makes the bill take effect immediately upon passage.
Which of the following will most likely be given the highest priority of consideration in the Texas House of Representatives?
Major state bills
Power in the Texas Legislature is
most heavily concentrated in the offices of Speaker of the House and president of the Senate.
All of the following statements concerning the president of the Texas Senate and the Speaker of the Texas House are true except
both have a great deal of power over the legislative agenda in their legislative body.
All of the following statements concerning organization in the Texas Legislature are true except
The Gilmer-Akin Act of _______ created the modern public school system in Texas.
Which of the following is not true about the State Board of Education?
The board determines property tax rates for school district residents
In which case did the U.S. Supreme Court demand that public schools were not to be segregated based on race?
Brown v. Board of Education
On average, Texas school districts get the greatest amount of revenue from which source?
The “Robin Hood” school finance plan came as the result of which court ruling?
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
Each of the following has established methods of holding educators accountable except
The Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX).
The No Child Left Behind Act
is the federal education act requiring schools to institute mandatory testing.
Which of the following has not been a legislative act or judicial ruling impacting education policy in Texas?
Marbury v. Madison
The Permanent University Fund (PUF) was established to help fund
the University of Texas and Texas A&M systems.
The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) is made up of _______ members who are _________.
nine; appointed by the governor
Hopwood v. Texas addressed
university admissions taking into consideration race-based criteria.
The authors cite each of the following as a major issue in the discussion of accountability in higher education except
the funding levels and sources of intercollegiate athletics.
Which of the following accurately describes poverty levels in the state of Texas?
Texas has three of the nation’s top five counties of 250,000 or more people with the highest rates of poverty.
Each of the following is a condition for receiving funds through Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) except
completing the next higher level of education.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
At the time of the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), what was the state of health insurance in Texas?
Texas led the nation in the number of uninsured residents.
What is required of Texas by the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)?
To create a state health insurance marketplace or, if it does not do so, face the federal government creating one for it
Where Medicare benefits _______, Medicaid benefits _______.
are received by those who have paid into the program; are received by low-income elderly and disabled people regardless of ability to pay
Which describes the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) accurately?
It targets families who make too much to be on Medicaid but lack private health insurance.
Which of the following accurately describes the agenda setting step in the policymaking process?
Policymakers prioritize the various problems facing the state.
Which of the following accurately describes the policy implementation step in the policymaking process?
State agencies follow up on the actions of elected officials, and bureaucratic agencies develop rules and regulations.
Which of the following accurately describes the policy adoption step in the policymaking process?
Policymakers take formal governmental administrative action.
The authors list three types of policies at the beginning of Chapter 13. Which of the following is a type of policy mentioned?
The state general sales tax is?
the same as the motor vehicle sales, rental, or lease taxes
The taxation approach of the Texas Legislature regarding highways and toll roads is to?
increase the number of toll roads but not increase the tax revenue for highways.
The authors note several different types of taxes. Which of the following describes the sin tax?
Taxes on activities such as cigarettes and gambling
The authors note several different types of taxes. Which of the following describes the severance tax?
A tax on the extraction of natural resources
Which of the following is not a tax levied on Texans by their state?
The income tax
Which of the following characteristic is accurate regarding regressive taxation?
Texas takes a regressive approach to taxation due to the reliance on the sales tax.
Which of the following do the authors cite as an example of a regressive form of taxation?
The sales tax
Texas relies on other sources of revenue than taxes. Which of the following is accurate regarding these other sources of revenue?
Grants from the federal government make up around 40 percent of the state’s revenue.
13. The authors describe Texas as a “pay-as-you-go” state. What does the phrase “pay as you go” mean?
13. The Texas Constitution requires a balanced budget, thus limiting debt
A bill cannot be considered passed by the legislature unless the ___________ has authorized that the amount to be spent by the bill is available.
What is the primary source of Texas’s “Rainy Day Fund?”
Oil and gas taxes
Although unpopular among many groups, why does the lottery remain a revenue source for Texas?
The revenue lost from eliminating the lottery would mean spending cuts or raising other taxes.
Whereas redistributive policy _________, distributive policy ____________.
intentionally moves benefits from one group to another; does not intentionally target one specific group of society
Subsidies are incentives designed to _______ the production or purchase of certain goods.
Which of the following describe sin taxes?
Taxes on products and activities that legislators would like to discourage
The state’s largest source of investment income is?
income from the Permanent School Fund
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