Terrorism Terrorism ?The indiscriminate use or threat of violence to advance social, political, economic, or religious objectives by creating a climate of fear.? Terrorism as a practice was known even in the ancient ages The expression ?terror? was born during the French Revolution Terrorism by state or non-state actors? Domestic vs. international terrorism Causes of Terrorism Psychological Mentally ill people, subjects of child abuse Terrorist groups offer a sense of belonging, a sense of usefulness Ideological Terrorist believes in a certain ideology or religion (nationalism, communism, Islam) believing it will lead to a better society Reactionary: backward-looking ideology Progressive: forward-looking ideology Environmental factors Grievances: terrorists act against real or imagined injustice against their community (political, religious, economic) Cultures of violence: people grow up with the belief that violence is the norm and find it natural to resort to violent means to achieve their social political or economic goals Approaches to Terrorism Cosmopolitan approach Based on Liberalism Sees terrorist acts as crimes against humanity Response should Be international based on international law and conducted through organizations Address the root causes of terrorism Statist approach Based on Realism Sees terrorist acts as acts of war Believes the root causes of terrorism can only be solved on the long run Put pressure on states that support or tolerate terrorists Involve the military The War on Terror Counterterrorism or counterinsurgency? Politically it is counterterrorism Militarily it is counterinsurgency Can the War on Terror be won by either side? When can they declare victory? US & allies Al-Qaeda Charlie Wilson?s War Based on a true story It is what happened before the current war in Afghanistan Setting: Cold War 1978. A coup leads to a Soviet-style communist regime in Afghanistan <> Local resistance by the mujahedeen 1979-1989. Soviet invasion of Afghanistan by request of the Afghan leadership US: Supports non-communist insurgents (Truman doctrine) Goal: to draw the Soviets into a Vietnam-like conflict The mujahedeen also receives generous support by a Saudi millionaire called Osama bim Laden Aftermath 1989-1992. Civil War resulting in the mujahedeen?s victory and the Taliban government The movie focuses on Congressmen Charles Wilson who earned fame by working in congress finding US support for Taliban.
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