POS 110 Fall 2010 Exam 1 Answer all of the following questions on the answer sheet provided. 1. In McCullough v. Maryland, the Supreme Court stated that the power to tax was the power to provide promote persuade control 2. The two issues at the core of the McCullough v. Maryland case were. whether the Attorney General of the United States could enforce a state law and whether the Supreme Court of Maryland could bar the U.S. Attorney General from practicing his jurisdiction in Maryland whether Robert Shay had the right to argue before the Supreme Court to make his case against foreclosure of his farm and whether the State of Maryland could hold him indefinitely whether the President had the authority to quarter troops in Maryland and whether Maryland could conscript such troops as part of their national guard whether Congress had Constitutional authority to establish a national bank and whether Maryland could tax such an entity 3. According to the Declaration of Independence, governments derive their power from ?Congress assembled? ?the Creator? ?the consent of the governed? ?the covenant among men? ?the King? 4. As presented in class, the best place to find a current definition of the ?general welfare? in 2010, or any year, is The U.S. budget The U.S. Constitution The Congressional Record The diary of James Madison 5. According to our class discussion, a probable campaign slogan for the Anti-Federalists would have been: ?Vote NO on the proposed U.S. Constitution? ?Vote YES on the proposed U.S. Constitution? ?Vote YES for a Bill of Rights? ?Vote NO for Bill of Rights? ?George Washington for President? 6. Federalists argued that rights belonging to the people must be explicitly stated in a Bill of Rights. True False 7. Hamilton claimed that to include a Bill of Rights to the Constitution is to ______________ the rights of citizens since anything omitted from the list would be presumed to be held by ________________. limit, states open, states limit, government limit, the people open, the people 8. Anti Federalists considered Hamilton?s argument regarding the enumeration of rights as unnecessary and possibly dangerous as __________. acceptable specious persuasive none of the above, they did not entertain Hamilton?s argument 9. In Federalist # 39, Madison argued that the character of the government proposed in the constitution is national federal confederal hybrid 10. In Federalist # 1, Hamilton uses a common campaign tactic known as positive messaging negative attacks spin none of the above, his arguments are contained in the Federalist Papers 11. In Federalist # 27, Hamilton argued that as citizens become familiar with the new government, there would be no need for _____________ by government. incentives coercion consent taxes none of the above 12. Which of the following was NOT one of the grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence? ?quartering large bodies of armed troops among us? ?for imposing taxes on us without our consent? ?for failing to grant independence to America? ?calling together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures ?dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people? 13. The U.S. Constitution took effect in 1808 1789 1781 1776 14. The Constitutional convention was held in what city? Annapolis Philadelphia Washington, DC New York 15. Which of the following Founding Fathers was the most prominent and ardent abolitionist? Washington Franklin Madison Jefferson 16. Some of the signers of the Declaration of Independence became Anti Federalists. True False 17. The first constitution of the United States was The Declaration of Independence The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights The Articles of Confederation 18. For how many years were the Articles of Confederation in effect? 20 12 8 4 they are still in effect 19. The Declaration of Independence states that the purpose of governments is to do what? to secure the rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness to secure the rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of property to secure the rights of life, property and the pursuit of happiness to secure the rights of property, liberty and the pursuit of happiness form a social compact 20. The Declaration of Independence begins, We the people? When in the course of human events? In order to form a perfect union? Four score and seven years ago? 21. What branch(es) of government were NOT included under the Articles of Confederation? Executive Legislative Judicial a and c b and c 22. There are two provisions in the Constitution that may not be changed by amendment and/or without the consent of states. They are: importation of slaves and coinage of money representation in the Senate and coinage of money representation in the Senate and importation of slaves coinage of money and presidential terms 23. The provision described in #22 is in Article ____ of the Constitution. 5 4 3 1 none of the original articles, it is in the 9th amendment 24. According to lecture, the Constitutional provision that Congress promote the ?general welfare? is found in Article 1, section 8 in the preamble to the Constitution in Article 2 in the Declaration of Independence 25. Under the Articles of Confederation, the states could send from ____ to ____ delegates and had ___ vote(s) to cast in Congress. 2 or 3 delegates and one vote per delegate 2 to 7 delegates and one vote per state 1 delegate and one vote none of the above 26. In which of the arguments that you read, did the author argue that fundamental rights must be enumerated to protect citizens from government abuse? The Declaration of Independence The Preamble to the U.S. Constitution Federalist #84 Anti Federalist # 84 27. The fundamental difference between the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution is best described by which of the following? The Articles of Confederation significantly limited the sovereignty of the individual states, but the Constitution gave the states greater power under the new federal system. The power of national government rested exclusively with the state governments under the Articles of Confederation, whereas the power of the national government was drawn directly from the people and from the states under the new Constitution. The new Constitution left the execution of national laws to the individual states. The Articles of Confederation gave greater power to the executive branch. 28. How did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention handle the slavery question? They ignored the question completely. They allowed slavery only in the southern states. They included in the Constitution the right to own slaves. They prohibited Congress from passing laws banning the importation of slaves until 1808. They included an amendment to the Bill of Rights declaring that all persons are equal under the law. 29. In the Supreme Court case, McCullough v. Maryland, the court ruled that Maryland could tax the national bank Congress had exceeded its authority under Article 1 of the constitution the principle of judicial review was now established Congress had properly exercised its authority under the necessary and proper clause of the constitution The tenth amendment to the Constitution could be used to establish Maryland?s right to establish its own national bank 30. John Jay argues that in addition to ?just causes of war,? there also exist ?unjust causes of war? ?just causes of peace? ?pretended causes of war? ?pretended causes of peace? 31. According to ?An Old Whig?, rights of conscience must be secured by Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution the President of the United States a Bill of Rights 32. South Carolina?s 1832 action declaring that a U.S. tariff would not be acknowledged by South Carolina was the Doctrine of Neutrality Ordinance of Pacification Ordinance of Nullification Doctrine of Secession 33. President Andrew Jackson agreed with South Carolina?s decision not to enforce a federal law, because he believed that the interests of the individual states were more important than the interests of the federal government. True False 34. Patrick Henry, an Anti Federalist, notes that some Anti Federalists would have preferred that the Constitution begin _____________. ?We, the people of the United States?? ?We, the states?? ?We, Virginians, South Carolinians,?? ?We, Americans all?? 35. ?Liberty is the first end of government and the personal freedoms and the protection rendered by one?s state will be seriously threatened by the national government.? Which group believed this to be the most true? Federalists Anti Federalists 36. According to one Anti Federalist, when ?men enter into society, they partially yield up a part of their _____________ for the sake of being _____________ by government. natural liberty, protected income, protected protection, liberty natural liberty, taxed 37. According to Melancton Smith, ?if this government is to oppressive, it will by __________? sweeping change nullification 1808 degrees 38. Under the Articles of Confederation, the locus of political power was at the _________ level. state level congressional level federal level citizen level 39. The broad interpretation of congressional powers has emanated from the __________ clause of the Constitution. supremacy necessary and proper "herein granted" impoundment 40. The debate between the Federalists and the Antifederalists _______. can be reduced to rhetoric of states? rights voiced by the former and rhetoric of nationalism voiced by the latter centered on ratification of the Constitution was eventually won by Madison and the Antifederalists is a classic example of checks and balances between two contending approaches toward an issue 41. Who of the following did NOT contribute to the Federalist Papers? John Jay Samuel Adams Alexander Hamilton James Madison 42. The Virginia Plan, presented to the Constitutional Convention, was favored by delegates from the larger states. True False 43. A major reason Anti Federalists opposed the original U.S. Constitution because it lacked what feature? A preamble A separate article dealing with the matter of taxation A bill of rights A separate and independent judiciary 44. Anti Federalists believed that the proposed government was too complicated for Americans to understand True False 45. William Penn defined government as A social compact meant to secure each individual the enjoyment of his natural rights A human institution designed to preserve citizens? national existence A covenant among people so they may be governed by laws for the common good All of the above 46. Anti Federalists argued that ?history furnishes no example of? a large democracy a large, free republic a confederacy all of the above none of the above 47. In question # 46, Anti Federalists relied on the political thought of Locke Thoreau Hobbes Montesquieu a and d 48. Anti Federalists argued that Article 1, section 8 of the proposed Constitution would effectively govern the new United States effectively guard against foreign enemies effectively prevent despotism effectively abolish the necessity for state governments 49. In our discussion of Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution, we focused on which of the following two features of the Article? common defense and common sense common defense and general welfare social contracts and general contracts social contracts and budgeting 50. Voter turnout in the recent Arizona primary election was 45% 15% 65% 30% 51. The Democratic nominee for Governor of Arizona is Tom Horne Terry Goddard Jan Brewer Joe Arpaio 52. The Republican nominee for Governor of Arizona is Tom Horne Terry Goddard Jan Brewer Joe Arpaio 53. What is the controversy surrounding the erection of a building near the Ground Zero location in New York City? A planned rally headed by Glenn Beck A planned Islamic Community Center A planned Christian megachurch A planned Jewish synagogue A planned appearance by President Obama on September 11 54. Melancton Smith notes which Federalist?s explanation of the delicate balance of the three branches of government? George Washington Thomas Jefferson John Adams James Madison 55. Much of the turmoil that led to Shay?s rebellion was based on economic hardships that farmers faced at the time continued conflict between Federalists and Anti Federalists interference by Britain with Americans? attempts to trade with France Americans distrust of the judiciary According to class discussion, who gets to decide what constitutes the ?general welfare? of the United States? The President of the United States Congress Each of the states The Supreme Court George Washington appointed a committee to formulate a constitutional article for which branch of government? The Congress The Presidency The Judiciary The Media 58. Of the following, who was not an Anti Federalist? Patrick Henry Melancton Smith Samuel Adams John Jay 59. Under the Constitution adopted in 1789, a state with a population of 500,000 slaves could add _________ to their total population figures for purposes of representation in Congress. 300,000 30,000 500,000 none of the above When and under what circumstances did women ?receive? the right to vote? 1980, passage of the 20th amendment to the U.S. Constitution 1960, passage of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution 1920, passage of the 20th amendment to the U.S. Constitution 1920, passage of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution 1800, passage of the 4th amendment to the U.S. Constitution
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