The Policy Process Model 5 stages in the model: 1 Agenda Setting 2 Policy Formulation 3 Legitimation 4 Implementation 5 Evaluation Agenda Setting: Definition of problem, bringing attention to it, and getting government to consider taking action What are problems on the agenda today, and how did they get on the agenda? Health care reform Election brought awareness Escalating health care costs Interest Groups bring awareness Policy Formulation: The development of proposed courses of action to help resolve a problem What were proposals to deal with mortgage crisis? Foreign energy dependence? Crime in CT? What are the ?policy instruments? at government?s disposal? Use public money to address a problem Taxing/funding projects Building a new school Management of programs Medicare Regulate Using existing services to solve problems Where do ideas come from? Iron Triangle Congress President/Executive agencies Lobby Groups (ex: US Department of Energy) Legitimation: The official actions taken by government that gives legal authority to a course of action Could be a law that is passed What are the means for government to act? Implementation The set of activities directed at putting policy into effect Implementation is accomplished through the bureaucracy Involves regulating behavior or distributing services Regulatory - Ex: Speed Limit Distributing ? Gov applies money to make work What are the factors that influence successful implementation? If the bureaucratic agency implementing the policy likes it Is there money for the policy to be implemented successfully Public Opinion ? If there is a policy with generally strong public support, it will generally be successful ? leads to more money being spent Ex: High support of war, usually war is more successful. Evaluation The assessment of how well policies are working What are the criteria for assessing policies? Are there goals? What does government want to achieve by implementing policy How much does it cost? Did it actually cost the estimated amount or was it more? Are there negative secondary impacts?
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