1) Which of the following is the best example of a child's use of inductive logic?
C) Imani's teacher was kind on the first day of class. From that he assumed that she is probably a nice person.
2) Anthony knows that not everyone goes to college and those who do are not guaranteed to graduate. From this he decided that college is probably difficult as well as time consuming. What type of logic did Anthony use to draw these conclusions?
B) Deductive logic
3) A child who can tell you what study methods work best for different subjects or what subjects are hardest for her to learn would be displaying which of the following skills?
4) To help herself remember the items she was to get from the market, Anna repeated the five-item list over and over under her breath. This is an example of which information-processing strategy?
5) Micah knows the difference between cedar and juniper trees. According to Gardner, what type of intelligence is Micah displaying?
6) Jennifer is very good at drawing and copying pictures. Which type of intelligence is Jennifer using?
7) A child who has difficulty mastering specific academic skills such as reading, but who has normal intelligence and no physical or sensory handicaps, might be categorized as having which of the following?
D) A learning disability
8) A child who has academic and behavioral problems in school because he or she is more physically active and/or less attentive than peers may be classified as having which of the following?
B) Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
9) Monica is an only child. Which of the following statements is likely to be true regarding Monica?
D) She will likely get as much of her parents' attention as a first-born child.
10) Which of the following is the best example of relational aggression?
C) Gloria announced to her friends, "We're not going to be friends with Sharinda any more. She's fat!"
11) Which of the following terms is used by psychologists to describe children who are disliked and avoided by their peers?
12) Some developmentalists suggest that two kinds of intelligence exist. What is the term for the accumulation of information, skills, and strategies that people have learned through experience and that they can apply in problem-solving situations?
C) crystallized intelligence
13) If a person has an IQ score that falls in the range below 25, this is known as
D) profound mental retardation
14) Research on sex differences in motor skills during middle childhood indicates that
D) girls outperform boys on skills that depend on agility and balance.
15) According to Piaget, one limitation of concrete operational thought is that children’s mental operations work poorly with
C) abstract ideas.
16) When Mike had to learn the state capitals, he grouped the states by region to assist his memory. Which memory strategy did Mike use?
17) Carter, an African-American boy, is told by a researcher that certain verbal tasks are ―not a test.‖ He is told that other verbal tasks are ―a test of how good children are at school problems.‖ If Carter is aware of ethnic stereotypes, which of the following is probably true?
C) He will perform far worse in the ―test‖ condition.
18) According to research on blended families, which child is most likely to have adjustment problems when his or her mother remarries?
D) Selma, a 15-year-old girl
19) __________ children are at the highest risk for poor school performance, antisocial behavior, substance abuse, and delinquency.
20) Who is most likely to be abusing his child?
c. Joe, who is socially isolated from friends and relatives
21) Though Mabel is unable to think in abstract terms, she is beginning to understand that because 3+ 5= 8, 5+ 3 must also equal 8. Mabel has begun to exhibit Piaget’s _____ stage of thinking.
c. concrete operational
22) Which most accurately describes long-term memory?
d. permanent and unlimited capacity
23) Tarzan is building a cage for his pet monkey when his hammer breaks. The fact that Tarzan is able to realize that he might be able to use a frozen banana as a substitute for a hammer indicates that he has a high level of _____ ability.
24) Dynamic testing is most accurately described as a test of a child’s
d. potential to acquire new skills.
25) By traditional definition, how many of the following 16-year-old children could be classified as ―mentally retarded (Note: all IQ scores based on Stanford-Binet test results.): Kirk's IQ =120; McCoy's IQ = 100; Brad's IQ =80; Sammy's IQ = 60?
26) _____ is the most common area negatively impacted in someone with a learning disability.
27) Takeo is a Japanese individual trying to learn English. The first time he sees the word ―psychology,‖ he has no idea what this combination of letters means. Takeo's difficulties are best described as centering on
c. word recognition.
28) The two main dimensions of parental behavior are
b. warmth and control.
29) Which parenting style might best be described as ―low warmth and high controlling?‖
30) After having read a book on parenting styles, if you wished to raise a friendly and self-reliant child you would try to adopt a(n) _____ parenting style.
31) _____ occurs when a parent tells a child what to do, when to do it, and why it should be done.
d. Direct instruction
32) Julie watches her sister swing her pet cat by the tail and watches as her sister gets punished by her parents for that behavior. Consequently, Julie learns not to swing her pet cat by the tail. Which term best describes this scenario?
33) Which child is most likely to succeed academically and go to college?
a. Teri, who is first born
34) The fact that friends spend a lot of time discussing personal problems is referred to as
35) Glenna hangs around two other friends who are the same sex and have similar attitudes and interests. This group of friends would most accurately be described as a
36) In a typical group of 6-year-old boys, who would you expect to be the leader?
c. the strongest kid
37) What single factor appears to be most influential in determining whether an adolescent will "cave in" to peer pressure?
a. the degree to which appropriate standards of behavior are clear-cut
38) Rita is incredibly aggressive on the hockey rink but is very nice to everyone when she isn't competing. What term best describes Rita's ―on-ice aggression?
d. instrumental aggression
39) Bea has tremendous insight into ―deep‖ questions like, ―Why are we born to die?‖ According to Gardner, Bea would rate high on a scale of _____ intelligence.
40) The self-fulfilling prophecy in which knowledge of a stereotype actually leads to increased anxiety and poorer performance consistent with the original stereotype is known as:
a. stereotype threat
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