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The Creation & arrangement of ideas preliminary to writing. It can provide key words, meaning, and structure before you write your first draft.
Think about ways to improve what you've written. Don't think about correcting spelling and punctuation errors. Think about and work on improving the meaning of what you've written.
Refers to the 140 years or so after the Restoration.
A Sentence with an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The dependent clause is introduced by a subordinate conjunction (although, because) or a relative pronoun (who or which).
A verb used as a subject or obgect of the main verb; typically ends in - ing
An Antecedent is the word that takes the place of another like using "he" in place of the proper name "Joe."
A pronoun must match the word it replaces - singular or plural
The subject performs the action expressed in the verb.
1. An inscription in verse or prose on a building, tomb, or coin.
2. A short verse or motto appearing at the beginning of a longer poem or the title page of a novel, at the heading of a new section or paragraph of an essay.
Documenting progress toward higher order goals such as application of skills and synthesis of experience requires obtaining information beyond what can be provided by standardized tests. In "authentic assessment", information of data is collected from various sources, through multple methods, and over multple points in time. It should include:
-A procedure that links vocabulary to the main ideas of a content area text.
- A set of concepts is listed down the left side and criteria or features (vocab words?) are listed across the top. If the concept is associated with the feature or characteristic, the student records a Y or a + in the grid where that column and row intersect; if the feature is not associated with the concept an N or - is placed in the corresponding square on the grid.
A figure of speach in the form of a question used for persuasive effect; the listener should reflect on the implied answer of the question; no formal answer is expected.
Words that spark emotion within an audience
ESL (English to Speakers of Other Languages)
Visuals (charts, graphs, and photos in lessons and assignments
A Brief reference, explicit or indirect, to a person, place or event, ot to another literary work or passage in a piece of writing. It is left ot the reader or hearer to make the connection.
A comparison of two pairs that have the same relationship
A phrase, expression, or idea that has been overused...thus it's meaning loses its intended force
Variety of language characteristics of a particular group or region
An exaggeration or overstatement
A comparison of two unlike things without using "like," "as<" or "than." It uses the verb "to be."
A comparison using the words like or as or than
Imagery includes the "mental pictures" that readers experience with a passiage of literature. It signifies all the sensory perceptions referred to in a poem, whether by literal description, allusion, simile, or metaphor. Imagery is not limited to visual imagery; it also includes auditory (sound), tactile (touch), thermal (heat and cold), olfactory (smell), gustatory (taste), and knesthetic sensation (movement).
Rhyming within a line of poetry rather than at the end.
Giving human qualities or characteristics to animals or inanimate objects
The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.
Congates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other.
Oxymoron is putting two contradictory words together.
Groups of letters placed after a word to modify its meaning or change it into a different word group, from an adjective to an adverb, etc.
Prefixes are groups of letters that can be placed before a word to modify its meaning.
Distinct from the terms PERSONA, NARRATOR, AND TONE voice is associated with the basic vision of a writer, her general attitude toward the world.
In literary terms, a conceit is an extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs an entire poem or poetic passage.
A Japanese lyric verse form having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, traditionally invoking an aspect of nature o rthe seasons.
Involves delierate and radical break with traditional bases of Western art and culture -- New features in subjects, forms, concepts, and styles of literature. WWI raised doubts about ability of traditional literature to represent harsh post-war world. Avant-garde: small group of authors who deliberately set out to 'make it new' (new forms, style, and subject matter). Aim is to shock the conventional reader and challenge the norms of the dominant culture.
Rebellion of beliefs and values on traditional cultrue and literature - Philosophy: view humans as isolated individuals cast into an alien universe, see human world as possessing no inherent truth, value, or meaning, and represent human life in friutless search for purpose Grotesquely comic, irrational, and non-consequential - pointless dialogue and some slapstick are used to cast comic light onto the alienated, tragic, and anguished human existance
Historical definition: any poem written in elegiac meter (alternating hexameter and pentameter lines).
An extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language, celebrating the feats of a legendary or traditional hero
A light humorous style of fixed form poetry. A single 5 line stanza in anapestic (2 stressed followed by 1 unstressed syllable) meter, with the rhyme scheme aabba, and the 3rd and 4th lines shortened from 3 feet to 2 feet.
creating a relationship or conveying an attitude or mood. By looking carefully at the choices and author makes (in character, incidents, setting; in teh work's stylistic choices and diction) careful readers often can isolate the town of a work and sometimes infer from it the underlying attitudes that control and color the story or poem as a whole.
Frequent use of words, places, characters, or objects that mean something beyond what they are on a literal level. It may often be ambiguous in meaning
A. A 14- line verse form ususally having one of several conventional rhyme schemes and often in iambic pentameter. Divided into two parts 1st 8 lines usually rhyme, final 6 may vary
B. 3 quatrains and a couplet. Rhyme scheme ususally abab, cdcd,efef, gg
early to mid 19th Century - New England - protest against the general state of culture and society
Words that are spelled differently but sound the same.
a lightly stressed syllable followed by a heavily stressed syllable then repeated 5 times in a line of poetry.
Different forms of a verb (can be present or past)
A logical argument in which one proposition (conclusion) is inferred by two premises; a form of deduction; illogical argumets should avoided
An interactive method used to improve reading comprehension. Using this teaching strategy, teachers and students take turns leading discussions regarding sections of text using cognitive and meta-cognitive strategies
Four strategies used: summarizing, questioning, clarifying, predicting
The part of a language concerned with the structure of morphemes and how these morphemes combine.
The author's words and the characteristic way that writer uses language to achieve certain effects. An important part of interpreting and understanding fiction is being attentive to the way the author uses words.
A __________ is a substitution of an agreeable or less offensive expression in place of one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener.
This is what we call a word which imitates the sound it represents.
A position or perspective from which something is considered or evaluated or told as in the person telling a story is the narrator and stories can be told in first person; second person; third person.
This is the repetition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds as in consonance.
__________ is the repeated occurance of a consonant sound at the beginning of several words in the same phrase.
Words that show action.
Run, jump, come, be
A person, place, thing or idea
Dr. Hess, the park, cat, hope
Words that modify verbs and ususally end in -ly
Words that describe a noun (numbers, colors, comparative etc.)
Several, red, stronger
A word that substitutes a noun or a noun phrase. There are 9 types.
The subject receives the action expressed in the verb.
The boy was bitten by the dog.
A word that links a noun, pronoun, or gerund to other words:
Singular subjects paired with singular verbs;
plural subjects paired with plural verbs
"none" is singular or plural
"everyone" and "everybody" is singular
A group of words that function as a single unit
at the end / of the street
These Connect words, phrases, or clauses
And, But, when, or, etc.
A pair or group of words that consist of a subject and predicate
two types (independent vs. dependent)
A sentence consisting of multiple clauses joined by a conjunction or punctuation
We went to the store, and we came home again.
The basic form of a verb often using the be form of the verb coupled with the word to.
To run, to jump, to leave, to dring
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