Who were the major contributors to humanistic psychology?
Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow
What does the humanistic perspective emphasize?
- Human Potential
Thee innate drive to maintain and enhance the human organism.
The set of perceptions and beliefs you have about yourself, including your nature, your personal qualities, and your typical behavior.
Conditional Positive Regard
The sense that you will be loved and valued only if you behave in a way that is acceptable to others; this can cause a person to deny or distort genuine feelings and experience, leading to a state of incongruence with regard to the self-concept.
Unconditional Positive Regard
The sense that you will be valued and loved even if you don't conform to the standards and expectations of others; this leads to a state of congruence, where your sense of self is consistent with your emotions and experiences.
What does the fully functioning person experience?
Congruence, the actualizing tendency, and psychological growth.
The humanistic perspective has been criticized on two particular points:
- Humanistic theories are hard to validate or test scientifically;
- According to many psychologists, the humanistic perspective's view of human nature is too optimistic.
Social Cognitive Perspective
Stresses the role of conscious thought processes, self-regulation, and the importance of situational influences.
What does Bandura's social cognitive theory emphasize?
The importance of observational learning, conscious cognitive processes, social experiences, self-efficacy beliefs, and reciprocal determinism.
Reciprocal determinism suggests that human functioning and personality...
Are caused by the interaction of behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors.
A person's belief about his or her ability to meet the demands of a specific situation (feelings of self-confidence or self-doubt); self-efficacy influences behavior, performance, motivation, and persistence.
What are the key streng
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