“Learning” is a key processes in how we adapt to the environment within our Lifespan. This is not like the adaptations that we've spoken about in the past like the fight flight freeze response, or expressing emotions in particular ways; Those adaptations happen at the level of the species and get transmitted across generations through biological processes.
Why is it important that we learn?
The capacity for you to learn from your experiences or personally adapt provides an astonishing selective advantage.
Decrease in response to a stimulus after being repeatedly exposed to it. This concept states that an animal or a human may learn to ignore a stimulus because of repeated exposure to it.
Describe the process of classical conditioning using the labels for stimuli and responses.
a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone.
What makes classical conditioning happen faster or slower?
The intensity of the stimulus can affect how quickly you are conditioned. If the neutral stimulus appears before the unconditioned stimulus, you'll learn this association faster than if the neutral stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus appear at the same time, OR if the unconditioned stimulus appears before the neutral stimulus.
Define generalisation, discrimination, extinction and spontaneous recovery.
Generalisation: The association of the conditioned response with stimuli that are similar, but distinct from the conditioned stimulus. Discrimination: The selective association of the conditioned response with a particular stimulus and not with another stimuli. Extinction: If a conditioned Stimulus is repeatedly presented without the unconditioned stimulus, slowly this conditioned response will weaken. Spontaneous recovery: this typically occurs after some period of not presenting the conditioned stimulus.