PSY 211 (Exam 2)
Last Modified: 2011-10-30
Related Textbooks:Learning and Behavior
Operant (emitted) behavior
The behavior shown to get a response from the environment (crossing your legs)
- Behavior is strengthened or weakened by its consequences bc behavior operates on environment
- Thorndike: success selects behavior not failure
- Thorndike: 1st person to show that behavior is systematically strengthened by consequences
Dependent on association with drive reducing primary reinforcement
2) behavior that occurs in situation
3) change in situation following behavior
Autonomic nervous system and smooth muscles and glands
Voluntary nervous system and skeletal muscles
(Occurs simultaneously with Pavlovian)
- good for self injurious behavior
-Variable time- fishing (may or may not catch fish/ luck)
-Fixed duration- child playing piano (if child practices for full hour they are given cookies as a reinforcer)
-Variable duration- child playing piano, but lesson time is variable and there is no telling when reinforcer will appear
S+ creates a gradient of excitation (green), S- creates a gradient of inhibition (red). The tendency to respond to a new stimulus reflects the net difference between extinction and inhibition.
*** stimulus discrimination
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