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What values do developing countries regard as most important?
What is another name for the cultural group that sets most norms and standards in a country?
What concept suggests that the young of any species are born with variations on a wide range of characteristics and those who survive are the ones best adapted to the environment?
The sacred law books of the Hindu religion, the Dharmashastras, divide the life span into how many stages?
The Talmud, the Jewish Holy Book, describes the lifespan as consisting of how many segments?
According to Freud, what part of the mind operates on the pleasure principle and seeks immediate gratification?
According to Freud, at what stage does the individual's sexual drive reemerge, but in a way approved by the superego?
Which developmental theorist believed that human development was comprised of psychosocial stages?
According to Bronfenbrenner, what comprises the microsystem?
According to Bronfenbrenner, what is the term that is used to describe the changes in development over time with respect to individual and historical changes?
What measure involves consistency such that similar results are found on different occasions?
What term is used in research to evaluate the truthfulness of a method?
What type of research design is being used when the same group is followed over several measurement times?
Participants sometimes drop out of a longitudinal study. What term is used to describe this situation?
When conducting a research study, what group receives the independent variables (treatment)?
Reaction range proposes ____ establish(es) boundaries, and ____ determines where a person falls within that range.
Which of the following factors when paired with an individual's genotype creates an expression on their phenotype?
Jackson was born with 5 fingers per hand (including the thumb). If having more than five fingers occurs because of a dominant gene, Jackson's genetic inheritance must be ______.
____ is an example of an incomplete dominant inheritance.
Grant is 7 years old and has ambitions of becoming a professional basketball player. His father is 5' 7" tall and his mother is 5' 3" tall. It is quite likely that Grant will be 5' 7" tall or a little taller, but not of NBA height. Trying to explain genetics to a 7-year-old is hard; however, his genetic potential is known as ______.
Scarr and McCartney proposed the theory of genotype ® environment effects. Which subtype occurs when a person's inherited characteristics bring about responses from others in their environment?
You are at the airport with your twin babies. Your son is dressed in blue and your daughter is dressed in pink. Someone stops you and tells you how beautiful they are and asks if they are "identical twins." You tell them no, but what are you thinking in your head?
If Frank has schizophrenia, how likely is it that his identical twin brother will also have schizophrenia?
Take a break and sit for a couple of minutes every half hour. Continuous standing has been linked to miscarriages and premature births.
Which of the following represents the correct sequence of development during the germinal period?
Researchers DeCasper and Spence asked pregnant mothers to read The Cat in the Hat every day for the last six weeks of their pregnancies. After birth, babies showed a preference for ______.
Your cousin is hot-tempered and gets very angry and yells quite a bit; even over little things. Which of the following is good advice for your cousin?
Based upon scientific studies, the average female should gain ____ pounds during pregnancy.
The Beng people have several suggestions for pregnant women. Which of the following is an example of a Beng suggestion that can be helpful for any pregnant woman?
Have your husband refrain from hunting.
____ has been used by many traditional cultures as a method of prenatal care and is now in vogue with many midwives, nurses, and physicians in developed countries.
Which of the following is the single greatest thing a woman who is pregnant can do to take care of herself and her unborn child?
Your nephew was present at the birth of his new brother. Immediately after the baby traveled through the birth canal, your nephew looks horrified when he sees his new sibling. Looking at you, he asks, "What is that white, fuzzy stuff all over the baby?" You tell him ______.
_____ are known risk factors associated with fertility drugs.
Blood clots, kidney damage, and damage to the ovaries
Which of the following is a paternal behavior that, if committed during pregnancy, can lead to a higher risk of low birth weight and childhood cancer for the unborn child?
Mehrak and Emma are seeking fertility treatment and were informed by their physician that Mehrak's sperm-count is low and the quality is poor. Which of the following suggestions might help increase his sperm production and quality?
Quit smoking, decrease alcohol consumption, and do not abuse drugs
Throughout history and in most cultures, infertility has been regarded mostly as a problem originating from ______.
Sara was informed by her physician that she is not ovulating properly. Which of the following is her physician's most likely course of treatment?
Your sister just gave birth to a new baby. In speaking with her, she tells you that the baby was born with an extremely deformed spinal column and continues by calling it _____.
Your sister just found out that she is pregnant after trying for nine months. Now she fears that she is going to have a baby with a chromosomal disorder. You try to assure her by telling her that the rate of babies born with chromosomal disorders is _____.
Since critics have argued that they are unnecessary, these procedures have decreased from 90% in 1970 to 20% in 2000.
Why do traditional cultures have many beliefs that suggest that the woman giving birth is spiritually unclean?
Midwives often perform abdominal massage. What is one of the reasons for doing this? To determine ______.
It was standard practice in hospitals in Western countries from the 1930s through the 1960s to ______.
What childbirth technique rejects medical technology and interventions and promotes breathing techniques to diminish pain?
What medical technique is used to measure the fetus' heartbeat during the birthing process by attaching a device on the mother's abdomen or by placing a sensor on the fetus' scalp?
What are two important reasons maternal mortality has decreased during labor in developed countries? Improvements in _____.
What is the chance of survival for an infant who is born in the U.S. before the gestation age of 25 weeks?
Adults spend about 20% of their sleep time in REM sleep. What percentage do neonates spend in REM sleep?
In terms of color vision, neonates can detect the differences between red and white, but not between white and other colors. Why?
What are the glands responsible for milk production?
What is the reflex that causes milk to be released if a mother hears the cry of her infant?
To confirm theories regarding breast-feeding that have been generated from archaeological and historical evidence, researchers have also examined ______.
Which of the following benefits is NOT associated with breast feeding and health in adolescence and adulthood?
How long does the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend that women breast feed?
UNICEF estimates that ______ babies die each year in developing countries because they are bottle-fed rather than breast-fed?
An infant who cries for more than three hours a day, over more than three days at a time, and for more than three weeks is ______
According to the text, what percentage of fathers in the United States and the United Kingdom experience postpartum depression?
According to the text, what condition can occur if parents feel completely overwhelmed by caring for a newborn and can lead to intense sadness and anxiety?
Joint attention is not only the basis for an infant's language and emotional communication but it also fosters ______.
As an infant experiences growth and development for short-term and long-term memory one can predict that the infant will also improve ____.
You are fortunate that your cousin was born a few months before you began your developmental psychology course. He has now mastered object permanence and as you watch him you remember that in class you discussed that object permanence is also a good measure of ______.
In a study examining long-term memory, 2-month-old infants forgot the training within a week. Six-month-old infants on average, retained memories of the training ____.
Most infants will use their first words ______.
a few months before or after their first birthday
Language comprehension refers to words that are ____; whereas, language production refers to words that are ____.
According to the text, what is one of the reasons that adults use infant-directed speech and talk to infants by raising the pitch of their voices, exaggerating their intonation, elongating vowels, and repeating words?
Grant decides to play a joke on his younger brother Cameron who is 18 months old. Grant knows Cameron enjoys oranges and decides to give Cameron a lemon. Unknowingly, Cameron bites into the lemon and is unpleasantly surprised by overwhelming sourness. By the expression on his face Cameron learned that not all fruits that are wedge-shaped are oranges. With this lesson, it is clear that Cameron ____ his existing schema of oranges.
Samantha is 18 months old and enjoys animal crackers. While sitting in the kitchen she sees a bag of animal crackers. When her actions become intentional and goal directed, and she actively moves and reaches for the bag of animal crackers, it is clear that she is in the sensorimotor substage _____.
According to the text, the A--not-B error, illustrates an incomplete understanding of which of the following Piagetian principles?
activity level, adaptability, intensity of reactions, and quality of mood
In Thomas and Chess' (1956) original study, which temperamental category had the smallest number of infants?
Within the first year of life sadness is a relatively rare emotion; however, infants ____ are more likely to manifest this emotion.
From research studies performed in China, children who are shy are associated with _____.
From the research of Thomas and Chess, if an infant is described as having a low activity level, reacts negatively to new situations, and has few positive or negative emotions, he or she may be categorized as having what type of temperament?
Thomas and Chess (1956) revisited subjects years after as a part of their longitudinal study. Years later, Subject "A" is described as being "sometimes fearful, as having problems academically, and at times, he lingers in his response to social cues." Which of the following temperament categories does Subject "A" fit?
Which of the following best describes Thomas and Chess' concept of "goodness of fit"? Children develop ______.
According to the text, if one were to pair a difficult tempered infant with a parental approach that is high in anger and frustration we might predict which of the following outcomes?
At 6 months of age, American infants sleep about 14 hours a day, whereas infants who are the same age in Kenya sleep about 12 hours a day, and infants in the Netherlands sleep about 16 hours a day. This variation is influenced by ______.
____ is the process of giving infants with diarrhea a solution of glucose and salt mixed with clean water.
Oral rehydration therapy
Rumors have circulated that some immunizations may actually cause harm to children, for example by triggering autism; however, according to the text scientific studies have found ______.
Many infants begin sleeping "through the night" around four months. Around 6 months, they may begin waking again at night. Why?
Compared to other animals, the human brain is very large; however, at birth it is also ______.
While providing solace to a family who has just been told that their infant sustained brain damage, Dr. Cook tells them that the good news is that the infant is young and his brain is not fully mature. As compared to an adult, the infant's brain has not been shaped or formed but is still highly responsive to the environment. Which of the following describes the topic of Dr. Cook's conversation?
Joe has just recently begun to chew and swallow his food in a style that closely resembles true eating and not infantile suckling. Joe is closer to ____ months of age.
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