Studies the same individuals at different points in their lives.
What is a cross-sectional design? Give an example.
Investigates development by comparing different groups of individuals varying in age. Saves time and money.
What is the cohort effect and how can it be harmful?
A cohort is a group of people that are born at the same time. This may effect the patterns we observe because they may not be only related to age. Example would be children effected by the Vietnam war.
What is a longitudinal-sequential design? Give an example.
Combines the longitudinal and cross-sectional methods by studying two or more age groups over time.
What is naturalistic observations? Give an example of a location.
Consists of going into the natural environment to observe a particular behavior.
What is a structured observation? Give an example of a location.
Used in a laboratory setting when a researcher sets up a situation that cues a particular behavior to be observed.