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clusters of related symptoms thatare characteristic of disorder
46%suffer from one disorder more than 50% will have one
DSM-IV-TR- more than 250 Axis 1disorders, more than 100 Axis 2 disorders
Characterized by a persuasive and excessive state of anxietylasting at least 6 months
Morecommon in women than men
Maybe totally debilitating
episodes of extreme anxietyassociated with perceptions of threat and occurring because of the fear of danger, inability to escape, embarrassment, or specific objects.
Heart palpitations, trembling, dizziness, and even fear of dying or heart attack
Posttraumatic stressdisorder (PTSD)
Triggered by exposure to a catastrophic event that posesserious harm or threat.
Social Phobia (socialanxiety disorder)
Pronounced fear of humiliation in the presence of others
Marked bysevere self-consciousness about appearance, behavior, or both
Debilitatingand irrational fear to act foolish
Leads to aperson acting nervously/ foolish in a self-fulfilling way.Publicspeaking
Unwanted thought, word, phrases,or images that persistently and repeatedly come into a person’s mind and causesdistress
Repetitive behavior performed inresponse to uncontrollable urges or according to a ritualistic set of rules
Related to OCD in which a person feels an intense, repetitive desire to preform certain behaviors.Behavior seems pleasurable, but has unpleasant repercussions
1. Deficiency GABA receptors
2. Genetic heritage (30-40% heritability)
3. Personality factors (ex. Neuroticism)
Negative Mood (emotional symptoms)
Sadness, misery, guilt, loneliness,suicidality, hopelessness/helplessness
Notenjoying activities that one use to.
Poor appetite, Weightloss, Insomnia/hypersomnia, Lossof energy, Agitationor retardation, Depressed mood mostof the day nearly every day, Diminished interest/ lack of pleasure most of the day, nearly everyday, Worthlessness or guilt, Diminished ability to think orconcentrate, and, Thoughts of death
Self, world, future
Expect bad events to happen and no control over theseStable,global attributions for bad events
A less intense form of depressionthat has less dramatic effects on personal and occupational functioning
Chronicand long lasting (min 2 years.)
People with bipolar disorder cycle between manic and depressed phases
Fetal exposure to alcohol
Lowserotonin coupled with high norepinephrine.Stressand trauma
A pervasiveand debilitating fear of sufferingfrom serious or physical illness although none is found by a medicalprofessional
Misperception,exaggeration with even minor physical symptoms
Informationon the web leads to self-diagnosis “Cyberchondiracs”
Mustcause a great deal of distress or interfere with a person’s functioning
Patterns of cognition, emotion, and behavior thatdevelop in late childhood or adolescene
More stable,enduring and consistent than clinical disorders (Axis I)
Schizoid personality disorder
Wants a solitary life, Disinterested in close,social relationships, Loners, Emotionally aloof, Reclusive, Humorless, Isolated and asocial, Has very odd thoughtsand beliefs, Misinterpret situations ashaving unusual meaning (Ex. Paranormal superstitious beliefs), Might think that stories in thenewspapers or on the news are written directly about them
Extremelysuspicious and mistrustful of other people in ways that are bothunwarranted and not adaptive
Test loyalty of their friends and lovers
Holdgrudges for a long a time
Interpretsituations as if others trying to get them
Want to be the center of attention
Dramatic, seductive, flamboyant, and exaggerated behavior
Shallowin emotions and relationships
Vacillate between idealizing and despising those who are close to them
Likely to hurt themselves or suffer from eating and/or substance abuse disorders
Extremely positive and arrogant self-image
Attention is self-focused
Exaggerated sense of self-importance and grandiosity
Disregard other needs or wishes
The Animals, led by this singer, were second only to the Rolling Stones in influence among R&B based bands
The Beatles were able to change music history through all facets including
This man has often been referred to as the “Fifth Beatle”.
An introspective style emerges in the music of the Beatles in this period of their development.
The use of studio techniques can be heard in the music of the Beatles more in this period of their development.
Social statements and, at times, a Dylan influence can be heard in the music of this period of the Beatles music?
These two Beatles composed many songs that provided other performers with hits.
Ringo Starr is respected by many drummers and musicians for this particular drumming trait.
This artist, the leader of the Bluesbreakers, is known as the
Elder Statesman of British Blues.
This term describes a mix of R&B with extended guitar / harmonica jams. It is blues music with a fierce drive to the music. The Yardbirds became known for these ad hoc jams during their live performances.
Led by this artist, THEM were among the best of the British Invasion Bands. He is also the composer of the rock classic, Gloria.
This band was one of the most
staunchly English pop groups
of the British Invasion. Their
wit, satire and “English Proper”
attitude can be heard in many
of their songs, particularly
in their hit entitled A Well
Respected Man. They were
also known as the precursors
of heavy metal by the
use of "power chord" playing.
This man, the founder of Motown, produced a unique blend of stock rock chord progressions, gospel feel (female back-up and call & response), doo-wop male vocals and solid instrumental back-up
Motown became known as the “Sound of [this]”.
Smokey Robinson and the Miracles became known for Smokey’s beautiful baritone voice. This type of song was the group’s forte.
The studio musicians of Motown recorded with many of the great artists of the company and hold the top honors as the most number one hits in Rock History. They are known by this nickname.
The music of Motown created a unique style that
perfected a gospel-pop fusion sound,
made use of catchy hook phrases, and
created this type of musical structures and arrangements
This group was one of the most important female groups in rock history. Their music is the purest expression of the Motown sound
A cross between R&B and the Mills Brothers, the Four Tops built their music around this man, their lead singer.
They were the finest group of the 1960’s soul era. Their sound was the closest to church and gospel roots. They also out-dressed and out-danced everyone.
One of Motown's finest recording artists, he recorded his first hit, Fingertips- Part 2 at age twelve. This tune is also the first live recording to hit #1 in rock history.
This band, Motown's only white rock and soul band, was an experimental assault on the rock market that yielded over 10 million records sold worldwide. It was labeled as “Blue-Eyed Soul”.
This artist was Atlantic Records' best selling Southern Soul performer in the mid-sixties. In the Midnight Hour, which he recorded, was one of the most successful songs of the soul era.
This artist earned a reputation as the leading performer of soul ballads in the 1960’s. His performance at the Monterey Pop Festival gained him a wider audience but his rise to fame was cut short when he died in a plane crash in December of 1967
This sixties soul artist brought a country influence to R&B. Although he never celebrated a number one hit on the pop charts, he was very successful with many R&B hits.
When Atlantic records merged with Stax Records this resulted in a group of top notch studio session players which formed this instrumental soul group.
He composed For What It’s Worth during the aftermath of the infamous Sunset Strip riots of 1966-67.
Dylan’s electric period illustrates wit and set the scene for folk-rock music. It was a catalyst for the drug culture and the Vietnam War. His electric back-up group went on to form this famous group led by Robbie Robertson.
It was estimated that there were about 500 to 1500 of these formed during the San Francisco scene in the 1960's.
This song, Bob Dylan’s first Top 40 hit, was one of his first songs from the electric period. The hyper kinetic lyrics were dense with up-to-the-minute allusions to important emerging elements in the 1960’s.
Through the fusion of country, folk, blues,rock & roll and poetry both ancient and new, this artist’s music illustrates that folk IS rock.
times are a changin
This was Dylan’s most overt protest album. It's are presentation of his early period that portrays a "Dust Bowl"feeling much like Steinbeck's novel The Grapes of Wrath
The most popular of the San Francisco bands, they were the leaders of the protest movement and supporters of free love.
He led the way for the infamous Acid Tests (also known as "happenings”) in the 1960's. He is also the author of the famous novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest.
They were never really
part of the mainstream music scene.
Considered to be the ultimate cult band,
their music is an eclectic blend of folk,
country and blues. They became superstars
Solely on their own terms, tie-dyed pied
pipers whose epic, free-form live
shows were rites of passage
for an extended family of fans
known as “Deadheads”.
Her performances on stage were fresh and sincere. She was a representation of the 60's culture, much like Dylan. She often sang the blues to transcend pain.
Known for his death scenes on stage, this artist, the “Father of Shock Rock”, was influenced by comic book stories and RKO horror movie shows.
He was an important figure in rock history. He redefined the guitar and guitar performance, was able to explore and master all the sonic force of the instrument, AND had the gift and the ability to harness the distortions.
He redefined the guitar and guitar performance in rock history. With Led Zeppelin, he was able to explore and master ALL the sonic force of the instrument.
”[He] was one of the fathers of contemporary rock. The Stones were dirty, but [his group was] dread, and the difference is crucial, because dread is the great fact of our time.”
The album entitled Days of Future Past, recorded by this band, is viewed as one of the leading art rock albums of the Art Rock era.
Pink Floyd’s Dark Side of the Moon is partly inspired by the deteriorating mental state of this former band member.
His music embraces many styles including classical (drawing on the influences of Stravinsky and Varese), 50's doo-wop,heavy rock and classic rhythm and blues.
While Art Rock is influenced by classical styles, Progressive Rock is influenced more by this style.
Syd Barrett played a major role in the early musical and stylistic direction of this band. He is considered to be an important founding member of the group.
This band, led by John Sinclair essentially laid the foundations for the emergence of punk.
Punk music became a full-scale phenomenon in this country, while in the United States; it remained only as an underground sensation.
This band created something that was rooted in early '60's, pre-Beatle rock & roll and pop but sounded revolutionary. Their music has been labeled by some as "Bubble-GumPunk".
He is considered by rock historians to be the Godfather of Punk Music. His proto-punk style of the late 60's paved the way for the many punk bands that followed in the 70's.
The nightclub in the skid row section of the Bowery in New York. It became an important venue for punk and new wave bands in the 70's.
The name of the band that was led by guitarist/composer Frank Zappa.
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