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men go through a time of searching for meaning and purpose, women go through menopause
middle-aged adults share experiences and transmit values to younger generation, have been describe as “sandwich” or “squeezed” generation. Women especially have an important role in connecting family relationships across generations.
- need for it increases as life goes on I guess…
get a career, retire, become unhappy, get a part time job, die.
unable to do much for society; ageism
Which ofthe following individuals is most likely to "binge drink" in college?
Kevin, whohas lived in a fraternity house for 2 years.
The maincognitive change between formal operational and postformal thought is _________thinking.
ProfessorLone Dove argues that homosexuality is biologically determined during theprenatal period. She believes in the:
Recentresearch emphasizes the significant role of _________ in weight loss andhealth.
What advice about bicultural identity would the psychologist Laura Brown give to a gay or lesbian couple?
The resultsof a longitudinal study revealed that binge-drinking is most likely to peak ataround ____ years of age.
Barbarawants to engage in aerobic exercise that will burn fat and change hermetabolism. Which of the following is the best activity for her to engage in?
Which ofthe following is a controversy concerning the value of dieting?
whetherpeople can keep off the weight they lose by dieting
"Emerging adulthood," a term coined by Jeffrey Arnett, refers to the age range from:
College freshmen are most similar to high school freshmen in that both:
Piaget's claim that adults are fully formal operational thinkers seems to be:
Which ofthe following athletes would be most likely to show peak performance at anearly point in his or her career?
Whichstatement summarizes what William Perry (1999) believes about the cognitivelevel displayed by the typical adolescent?
"What'sright is right, and what's wrong is wrong."
Manny hascontracted a virus that is destroying his body's immune system. Manny mostlikely has:
What is the optimum level of exercise for American adults?
30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every day
Which of the following is the most frequent form of sexual harassment experienced by college women?
inappropriate physical contact
WhenFranklin composes musical concertos, he becomes totally absorbed andexperiences extreme happiness. This is called:
William Perry offers a perspective on the ways young adults' thinking differs from adolescents' thinking. In his view, adult thinking is more:
Lettie is 18 years old and curious about how satisfied she will be with her life when she is around 30 years of age. The best predicator of this is her current:
David notices he has sores and blisters around his genital area just days after having intercourse. David most likely has:
Professor Lone Dove argues that homosexuality is biologically determined during the prenatal period. She believes in the:
Lauren wasrecently a victim of rape and is receiving counseling. Knowing the effects ofrape, her counselor can predict that there is a 1 in _________ chance thatLauren will suffer some type of sexual dysfunction or reduced sexual desire ifshe does not receive effective counseling.
Which of the following is the biggest health risk that most young adults face?
In hiswritings, theorist William Damon suggested that there is a key element missingin many people's career paths. That element is:
Before Gisela has sex with her boyfriend, she asks if he has tested positive for HIV and also requires that he use a condom. Given what we know about HIV and the sexual behavior and attitudes of most adults, we can say that Gisela's practice is:
Kelli isthinking about marrying Ron. Kelli asked Ron about his attitude on extramaritalsex, and Ron said he thought that it was wrong. Kelli looked up the 1994 sexualsurvey conducted by Robert Michael and his colleagues and found that ___ ofmarried men have been unfaithful.
According to William Perry (1999), the development of cognitive processing during the early adult years involves an evolution from _________ to ________.
In the United States, the most widely recognized marker of entry into adulthood is:
In developing a theory of adult cognition, which theorist focused more on how thinking evolves from being concrete to being abstract, hypothetical, and systematic?
Student Xis interested in becoming a lawyer, so (s)he studies hard, graduates withexcellent grades, and in a few years graduates from law school with a verypromising career still to come. According to research examining the diversitythat exists in the U.S. workplace, there is a 25% chance that student X is:
When you look at the creative achievements of famous inventors, writers, and scientists, it is clear that creativity:
In 1970, approximately _____ million American couples reported that they cohabitated before getting married; in the year 2005, more than ______ million reported that they had cohabitated before getting married.
Results from a recent study linking adults' current attachment styles with other aspects of their lives have shown that adults with insecure attachment styles tend to be:
According to Erik Erikson, achieving intimacy means to be able to:
According to Robert Sternberg's triarchic theory of love, consummate love is characterized by:
If American men and women are going to get married at some point in their life, the average age for a first marriage as of 2007 was around:
Early adulthood is linked with childhood in that:
According to Erik Erikson, if individuals do not develop intimacy, they face:
Research suggests that:
On average, divorced adults remarry within __ years after divorcing.
According to researcher Ellen Berscheid, the most important ingredient of romantic love is:
One of the benefits of marriage is:
As your author points out, middle age is a very difficult time to quantify. Experts are now starting to refer to the ages of __________ as "late midlife" in an attempt to create more distinction between age periods.
Tony's condition has been diagnosed as sexual dysfunction. His doctor will most likely treat him with:
Which "cohort" represents the largest single age group in the United States?
After menopause, most women experience:
Which of the following strategies would be most helpful in improving memory in middle age?
The idea that menopause causes depression, loss of sexual desire, and psychological disturbance is:
Bob is 50years old. If he is typical for his age, what is one of his major healthconcerns at this stage of life?
Female menopause is more _________, whereas male menopause is more _________.
What wasthe average life expectancy in 1900?
The number one factor that determines whether a woman will continue to have an active sex life during middle age is:
In addition to Viagra, there are two more recent drugs to help with erectile dysfunction. These drugs, which are reported to have fewer side effects, are:
Which ofthe following is most likely to cause difficulty for a middle-aged adultwithout glasses?
Expertspredict that the median age in the United States will rise to ____ years by theyear 2050.
A recent large-scale study of American women found that the majority of postmenopausal women reported:
According to Victor Frankl, the three most distinct human qualities are freedom, responsibility, and:
As they proceed through middle age, Tony and Martha are not having sexual relations quite as often as they did when they were younger. From what we know about sexual development in middle age, we can expect that this is because Tony and Martha:
During middle age, the ability to hear __________ sounds declines first.
Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding middle-aged people's appearances?
What is the hormonal change that is associated with male menopause?
At age 45, Dena wants to begin a new leisure activity. Which of the following would NOT fit the definition of leisure?
Compared with men's involvement in religion, women are more likely to:
In middle adulthood, __________ intelligence continues to increase.
The average adult in middle adulthood __________ height and __________ weight.
One reason that leisure is important in middle adulthood is that:
During middle age, the visual system begins to change. Which of the following is NOT one of those changes?
Manuel hasjust reached middle age as defined by the text. This means he is at least__________ years old.
Larry is a normal 45-year-old male. Which of the following is Larry most likely to be experiencing?
Declines in vision and hearing
Fluid intelligence is the ability to:
Stephan and Suzanne have just waved good-bye to their youngest daughter as she leaves for her honeymoon; she is the last of their children to leave home. Stephan turns to Suzanne and says, "Free at last!" Suzanne feels happier than she has in years. Stephan and Suzanne are:
Stewart, at38 years old, is not yet married, although most of his close friends have beenmarried for years. Because of this, Stewart feels:
Girard andhis sister were never close growing up. Now that they are adults, theirrelationship is probably:
Mngada is in middle adulthood in her native culture, a nonindustrialized country. According to what is known about midlife in different cultures, we can expect that Mngada will probably:
At age 47, Renaldo is divorced and is moving to another state to find a new job. According to the ________ approach to understanding adult development, we can say that Renaldo is entering a new stage in life.
Peter, a 20-year-old, is in the ________ phase, according to Levinson.
Roger is 35 years old and has been married for 9 years. According to national trends, with whom does he spend the most time?
Professor Weinstein is discussing the contemporary life-events approach to development. He criticizes this theory for:
In view of research on intergenerational relationships, in which way would we most expect a young adult daughter to be similar to her parents?
If Susan is a typical American child, who will be her most beloved and important relative in her extended family?
As he looks back over his life, Chris realizes that his work was not as important to him as he believed, and that he lost too much valuable time with his children. If he could do it over again, he would work less and spend more time with his children. According to Erik Erikson, Chris is experiencing some degree of:
Ron and his sister, Sarah, are both in their mid-50s and have a close personal relationship. Most research on sibling relationships suggests that:
Trevor and Michelle's last child has just left home to attend college. According to research, this will be a time when:
Allan and Jan are a middle-aged couple going through a divorce. They have both agreed that divorce is the best solution for them. Which of the following is likely?
Mary is unhappy about her 24-year-old daughter's request to move back home after college. Which of the following is likely to be Mary's main concern?
Sandra's mother is concerned about Sandra's lack of interest in marrying and having children. She told Sandra, "When I was your age, I had already found a good husband and settled down." Sandra and her mother:
Chuck, who is in his late 50s, is less ________ than his son, who is 20 years younger.
Bernard is trying to come to grips with the reality that he is no longer a young man, and he spends more time than ever before contemplating his future. According to Levinson, Bernard is ________ years old.
Jake is only 25 but wants to reduce his chance of cognitive impairment when he is older. What can he do now to prepare?
Rhonda and Lewis are taking care of their elderly mother while she lives in Rhonda's home. Research on the care of the elderly shows that their mother will benefit the most if Rhonda and Lewis:
take care of her needs, but let her do what she can for herself.
Lauryn suffers from Alzheimer disease. To assist with her care, a professional assists by providing temporary relief for those who care for Lauryn on a day-to-day basis. This sort of care, called ________ care, plays an important role by easing the burden on Lauryn's family.
Zack is ina crowded restaurant, trying to pay attention to the waiter, who is reading offthe daily lunch specials. He is having a difficult time because ________attention declines as one ages.
Ronnie is worried that he may be developing Alzheimer disease. The earliest detection method he can use to conclusively find out is:
Uncle Harry has been "losing his memory" for over a year. He also has developed some fantastic ideas about aliens taking over the government, and on some occasions he requires visitors to "give the password" before letting them into his apartment. Uncle Harry appears to have:
Kirsten is 63 years old and is beginning to lose some of her memory. She becomes confused and does not speak as well as she once did. These are signs that Kirsten may be developing:
If born today in the United States, which of the following persons would have the highest life expectancy?
Marsha, an adult in her 70s, can expect a decline in certain types of attention but not in:
Amy is 98 years old. If she lives to the upper biological limit of her life span as estimated by the cellular clock theory, about how old will she be when she dies?
Professor Garcia is teaching her class about the harmful effects of stress, citing that it leads to early death. Professor Garcia likely subscribes to the:
At age 72, Faye has a scan to assess the status and functioning of her brain. Her doctor also just completed a scan on a 50-year-old woman. As the doctor compares the two scans, it will be normal to see ________ in Faye's brain.
Paul has been forced to retire from his company after over 30 years of employment. Compared with his peers who voluntarily retired, he is more likely to be:
Amelia, an older adult, says, "My granddaughter just bought me a set of hand weights, of all things! She says I ought to go check with my doctor, then start lifting weights! I told her she ought to start seeing a shrink!" Amelia should:
Martha is afraid that she will develop some sort of mental disorder when she gets very old. How realistic is her fear?
Gisella has just returned from the doctor and was told she has cloudy areas in the lenses of her eyes. Gisella has:
Your 90-year-old uncle complains that he cannot get around the way he used to. He has trouble getting up out of chairs and difficulty walking across the room when he does get up. Can you help him?
Yes, you could help him do exercises to improve his balance and walking.
Martin has recently had a brain imaging test done, and it has revealed atrophy in the prefrontal lobe of his cerebral cortex. Which of the following types of memory would be most likely to be deficient as a result of this physiological decline?
Tran wants to live a long and healthy life. The most important thing he can do to improve longevity is:
What do Pablo Casals and Arthur Rubinstein have in common?
Dr. Lone Dove has begun studying the effects of a newly discovered hormone on aging. He hypothesizes that the new hormone protects the body's cells from deterioration by strengthening the cell wall against detrimental substances. Dr. Lone Dove is finding evidence for the ________ theory of aging.
Mrs. Hernandez has considerable pain and stiffness in her wrists, fingers, and knees. It is becoming very difficult for her to maintain her usual routines as her stiffness increases. Mrs. Hernandez has:
Terrence is 67 years old and no longer able to work because of his health. Which condition would be most likely to cause a work disability in someone his age?
Older adults not being hired for new jobs, being eased out of old ones because they are perceived as too rigid or feebleminded, and being eased out because they are not considered cost-effective are examples of:
Which theory holds the most positive view of the abilities of elderly adults?
What double jeopardy do elderly women face?
ageism and sexism
Erikson'slast stage of development is characterized by:
Which factor most contributes to the surging health care costs of our elderly population?
Stereotypes of old age common among young, middle-aged, and elderly adults:
The model of selective optimization with compensation is based on the idea that older adults fare better when they:
The more ________ a society is, the more respect is accorded to its elderly adults.
In general, successful aging requires:
As of 2006,the percentage of older people living in poverty was about ________.
These days,approximately ____% of older adults are living in cohabiting situations for awide variety of reasons.
The model of selective optimization with compensation proposes that successful aging is related to three main factors. Which of these factors is based on the concept that, in old age, there are reduced capacity and loss of functioning which mandate a reduction of performance in most domains of life?
Which of the following is NOT one of the regrets that low-income older adults reported more as a result of their life review?
Which of the following is likely to engender the most intense regret in a low-income older individual who is engaged in a life review?
Gina is doing what she can to help her older aunt take care of herself and stay in her own home. Gina often takes meals to her aunt and helps her clean, go shopping, and make visits to the doctor. Gina is providing ________ for her aunt.
Luka is 72 years old. According to trends noticed in research about how gender roles may or may not change with age, we can expect that Luka is now ________ she was when she was 50.
Erik Erikson believed that people who experience intimacy and generativity in earlier adulthood are more likely to develop ________ in later adulthood.
In Erikson's theory, a life review that leads to a positive outcome will result in a sense of:
Erik Erikson believed that people who experience isolation and stagnation in earlier adulthood are more likely to experience ________ in later adulthood.
Which ofthe following groups of individuals is most likely to be satisfied with theirmarriage?
What percentage of older people live in poverty since 2008?
Who of the following is most likely to live in poverty during later adulthood?
According to research evidence, gender roles in the elder years tend to:
Although older adults (over the age of 65) make up only ____% of the U.S. population, some estimates suggest that ______ of the total health bills for the United States go to care for that group of citizens.
Currently,approximately __________ of older American adults cohabit (live together).
If Ruth islike most older adults, she is less likely to have a computer in her home thanyounger individuals. If she has a computer, however, she probably spends about___ hours per week "cruising" the internet!
Ron is a retired college professor. Ron's arthritis is getting worse, but he wants to remain active and use the skills he has developed. Which of the following would Ron do if his actions were consistent with the model of selective optimization with compensation?
Now that Nastasya is in late adulthood, the socioemotional selectivity theory predicts that she will:
Life-span developmentalist Paul Baltes and his colleagues believe that successful aging is related to three main factors:
Which theory explains why older adults spend most of their time with familiar individuals and family?
socioemotional selectivity theory
Lizeanne is a 67-year-old retired teacher. Under the current governmental programs, her health care costs will be paid, at least in part, by:
Which factor appears to be highly associated with greater poverty in old age?
Adult daughters are three times more likely than adult sons to provide older adults with assistance with:
Which of the following factors combine to form the "double jeopardy" that is noted in this chapter?
ageism and racism
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