I. Social Support Research Social Support-perception that one is loved and cared for, valued, esteemed, and part of a network of people Structural measures- examine existence or interconnection among various social ties Functional meaures-assess actual functions served by social network members ?Social isolation? - refers to an absence of specific meaningful interpersonal relationships Women- more social networks, more personal versus men Types of social support: Emotional/esteem support: warmth/nurture, encouragement Tangible/instruemtnal support Informational support Belonging support Perception of social support--- Benefits of social support: -bett physical health -increased longevity -stress reduction -less medication needed -fewer colds -lower blood pressure -aids recovery from surgery -greater adherence to treatment -better recovery from serious illness Alameda County (CA) Study-Berkman & Syme Social networks and mortality -marital status -contact with extended family and friends -church membership -other group affiliations Women may benefit more form social networks then men with physical longevity and health. Spiegel?s Research -metastatic (terminal) breast cancer -Those with support group (women) had better coping and mental health. Those in the groups lived longer.
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