Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
According to the text, all of the following reach their peak during young adulthood EXCEPT: visual _______
According to Piaget, at which of the following ages do individuals typically reach the stage of formal operations, and thereby substantially complete their cognitive development?
How well a person adapts to environmental demands is most important to the concept captured by the _____________ age
After graduating from high school, Tyrone and several of his classmates attended the local community college. Going to college immediately following high school is best considered to be an example of a _________ event.
At this stage in his life, Martin is busy with providing money for his family, with working on his relationship with his wife, and with helping his parents adjust to the processes of aging. According to Havighurst’s model, Martin is most likely in the ______ age stage of development
Jack is 60 years old, has never married, and consequently feels like he “missed out” on the most important thing in life – to fall in love and be in love with another person. According to Erikson’s view of adult development, Jack is experiencing a sense of:
_________ are the leading cause of death in young adulthood.
At present, there is no cure for which of the following diseases?
Dialectical _______ is the term that describes thought that seeks to integrate opposing or conflicting ideas and observations.
Researchers use the ___ clocks to express how we know when certain events in our life "should" occur?
According to the view of Daniel Levinson, the life structure develops out of taking on and resolving the tasks of ____.
Although Mary is only 17 years old, she is married, has a child, holds a complex job, and provides the majority of her family’s income. To describe Mary as being “like a 30-year-old” would emphasize the concept of ______ age.
David has been a defense lawyer for 15 years. Now in his early 40s, he has volunteered his services to battered women in the community. According to Schaie, David's application of his cognitive skills reflects the ______ responsibility stage of adult thinking.
Jonathon tells his best friend: “I’m going to accept a job offer from a start-up technology company, but if that doesn’t work out, I’m sure my parents will bail me out and I can always join the family business.” Generalizing from Gould’s theory, if Jonathon is typical for people his age, he is most likely about:
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) ________ allowing homosexuals to adopt their partner’s children.
The two reasons the text suggests to explain why women are underrepresented in the more highly paid professions are ______________ in the workplace and that women sometimes make _____ choices that limit their later carer options.
According to the text, the two most important tasks of emerging adulthood and early adulthood are finding a romantic _______ and entering a career or job
According to stimulus-value-role theory, during the ________ stage of courtship, judgments are typically formed on the other's appearance and social and mental traits
In comparison to the number of families with children that were headed by single women in the 1970, the number headed by single women in 2007 was substantially ____.
Learning that one’s expectations about work are unrealistic and that one’s training is inadequate is most likely to lead to reality ______.
Through his own studies and thoughts, Robert has come to realize that he and his parents differ on several important beliefs. According to the text, which aspect of independence has Robert accomplished?
Suppose that Dr. Robins is interested in how people learn about and choose the jobs they hold in their lives. He decides to study a cohort of children, asking them what they think about different jobs, and they follow these children as they grow into adults, studying how they choose jobs and adjust to job demands. The topic of study that best describes Dr. Robins work is the __________ cycle.
The increase in the proportion of women in the U.S. workforce since the 1950s has been most dramatic for _____women.
According to the view of Carl Rogers, in order to show a child unconditional positive regard, parents should ______ the child without reservation.
In comparison to the percent of two-parent families in the U.S. living in poverty today, the percent of single-parent families headed by a mother is more than _ times as high,
The stage of Havighurst's model of vocational life in which the idea of working enters into a person's self-concept is the stage of ______________ with a worker.
Generalizing from research described in the text, if you were to study couples in dual-earner families, you would expect to find the highest levels of stress for people in the groups with ______ in professional-level jobs.
Latonya is a new student at a major university and is trying hard to find new friends. Maslow would say that Latonya is trying to satisfy her need for _____________
When Mark and Jill had their first child, they had different reactions to parenthood. If their adjustment is typical of most new parents, you would expect that Jill would react to becoming a mother by giving ________ to her parenting and family roles.
Velma is astonished at how political her new job is, and she is struggling to meet her boss’s expectations. Velma tells her husband that she had no idea about how hard this new job would be. Her response is best considered to be an example of _______ shock.
In 1998 in the U. S., about 33% percent of women between the ages of 45 and __ were taking some form of hormone replacement therapy.
Intelligence that comes with experience and education and is based on the body of knowledge and information accumulated over the years is called ____________ intelligence.
Generalizing from the text, the middle _________ age period is most likely to be defined by the events that are taking place in the person’s life, rather than by events linked directly to biological maturation.
According to the text, both men and women experience the climacteric. but _______ experience is more dramatic.
Statistically speaking, Laurie, who is __ years old would most likely report the LOWEST level of sexual satisfaction.
Between the ages of 45 and 54, the cause of the largest percentage of deaths is ______. between the ages of 55 and 64, the cause of the largest percentage of deaths is _____ disease.
Bob tells his 45-year-old father to look forward to middle age, since this is a period in which most people experience only a slight decline in overall health but an increase in their sense of well-being and satisfaction with life. Bob’s comment is essentially ____ for most people.
Tyrone has gone through many stress-producing events lately. According to the Stress Scale printed in the text, the death of his ____ is the event in Tyrone's life that probably produced the most stress?
According to the text, midlife crises are more likely to occur among ________ men and women, since they can delude themselves about the burdens of life.
According to the text, studies show that about 50% of men over the age of __ will experience some erectile dysfunction.
The life expectancy today for individuals who have reached the age of 45 in the United
States is __ years.
The text cites examples of cross-cultural research about how women experience menopause. In general, these studies suggest that reports of negative symptoms vary quite a lot from culture to culture, suggesting the importance of __________ factors in explanations.
If a woman’s probability of having a bone fracture after age 50 is 50%, the probability that a man will have a bone fracture after age 50 is considerably _______.
Recently, Jim has begun to focus on his feeling that he has accomplished the career goals he set for himself and he now does not know what to do with his life. He feels frustrated and confused, and he wonders if the excitement in his life is mostly behind him. According to Levinson, Jim is experiencing a _______ crisis.
Alice is 45 years old. Compared to her sensory abilities in her mid-20s, today she likely is better able to ___ objects that are far away.
Since Ed has been a tax attorney for over 25 years, he is now able to analyze clients' problems and draw conclusions from experience-based information and knowledge. Although he does not solve problems as quickly as he did when he was younger, his solutions are more complex and therefore better. The fact that his solutions are more complex best illustrates the concept of ____________ intelligence.
According to statistics cited in the text, in the U.S. today, about what percent of “launched” children return home for a period of time?
The text reports the results of a study of friendships among people at four different life stages. In all of these stages of life, ___________ was reported as the most important aspect of friendship.
According to the text, in comparison to first marriages, second marriages are more often characterized by all of the following EXCEPT higher levels of _________.
Which of the following statements about Erik Erikson’s view of adult development is FALSE? When major life circumstances change dramatically, we tend to ______ earlier developmental adaptations and strike out in bold new directions.
In a study reported in the text, women were asked to report the major transitions in their lives. Which of the following was NOT one of the three transitions that most women reported?
Married people have ____ sex and more satisfasying sex lives than unmarried couples.
If personality traits are biologically based, this would imply that they would be established relatively early in life and would change ______across the lifespan.
As 45-year-old Brenda’s parents age, she helps them with their finances, buys their groceries, and takes care of their house. Which of the following terms best describes this transition in Brenda’s and her parents’ lives?
Suppose you are conducting a study in which you ask middle-aged men and women why they have stayed married to each other. You would expect that the primary reason that men would give would be "my spouse is my best ______" and the primary reason women would give would be "my spouse is my best ______."
According to the text, about __ percent of aging parents in the United States today share a home with their middle-aged children.
If you were to choose the most descriptive words to describe how middle-aged fathers are typically regarded by their children, these words would be _____ time for fathers.
Statistically speaking,Tim, who is a _____ man is likely to be oldest when he or she becomes a grandparent.
Which of the following terms refers to something quite different than do the other three terms?
a. blended family
c. single-parent family
d. reconstituted family
If you were to gather evidence on the age at which divorced adults concluded their divorce, you would most likely find that the average age of divorced men was about _____ and the average age of divorced women was _____.
Suppose your friend has just taken a job that is strongly associated with job burnout. To help him cope, you could point out that all of the following pieces of advice help prevent burnout EXCEPT: trying to dedicate his ___________ life to the people he is trying to help.
In the colonial period in the United States, the median age of the population was 16 years and about __ of the population reached the age of 65.
In general, the effect of high-intensity physical exercise programs for the elderly has helped older adults double or even triple their physical ________.
According to the text, a general slowing down of general _________ abilities accounts for the largest share of problems older adults have with driving a car
If you were to estimate the typical percentage of prescription errors that occur in administering medicines to older adults, the most accurate percentage would be that errors occur in __ percent or ____ the prescriptions that are given.
John says he fears becoming old because “old people are stupid, poor, in poor health, lonely, and they seldom can take care of themselves.” John’s statement is a good example of ______ stereotypes.
Frank reports that he just can’t get to sleep, and if he does fall asleep, he can’t stay asleep. His condition would be called ________.
If Sara believes that aging is the result of chromosome breakage that occurs each time a cell divides and accumulates until the cell no longer can reproduce itself, her view is most similar to a __________ clock theory of aging.
According to the text, __ percent of U.S. adults age 85 and older live in nursing homes.
About __ percent of the U.S. population over age 85 would be expected to meet the diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer’s disease.
In mainstream __ culture today, filial piety is the LEAST strong?
Retirement in the United States today typically occurs at about age 65 or 66. Thus, most people who retire would belong to the _____-___ groups.
If you conducted a survey of older adults who live in their own homes, you would expect that about ____ would report that they suffer from sleep problems of one sort or another.
Generalizing from research described in the text, you would expect older adults to suffer the greatest memory decrement on _____-_______ of stories from their distant past or childhood.
Brenda has been a watercolor artist all of her adult life. Now in her 60s, she has lost the ability to distinguish fine detail. Her visual problem would best be described as a decline in ______ acuity.
Beginning around the time of her 70th birthday, Margaret began to experience increasing problems in learning new things, with her memory, and with her motor coordination. She now is frequently confused, sometimes doesn’t recognize people she has known for a long time, and her speech has become less fluent. The condition that would most likely be diagnosed in Margaret’s case would be
John’s grandmother says she has “hardening of the arteries.” The more technical term for this condition is:
Questions that assess a person’s best time for retirement provide an index of ________ maturity.
If you were to describe the emotionality of the majority of older adults, the best conclusion to come to would be that, compared to earlier in their lives, their emotionality is ____ complex and their sense of well-being is greater.
Generalizing from information presented in the text, in which of the following years would you predict to see the highest proportion of retirements occurring at ages 65 or younger?
For men who are age 75-84, the most common marital status is __________; for women in the age range the most common marital status is ___________.
An elderly widow is angry with her children for telling her she should not live alone in her home anymore, because she fell recently. She blames the fall on inadequate lighting and claims that if her children did some house repairs, she could stay in her house. This woman’s inability to deal with her changed circumstances reflects her difficulty in which of the following processes?
Frank says that he doesn’t like having to use a walker, but at least he’s in better shape than his brother, who must use a wheelchair. Frank’s statement exemplifies the basic principle involved in: ______ comparison.
If Julie were the youngest child in her family and the last to leave home, she should expect that the stress her parents feel after she moves away will ______ and their level of marital satisfaction will _______.
According to Piaget, if new events and changing circumstances can be absorbed into one’s self-concept, this defines the process called:
In the United States today, about what percent of the population continues to work part-time or return to work following retirement?
Medicare currently covers ________ visits, physician charges, and medication costs in whole or in part.
Suppose you show positive and negative images on a computer screen to younger and older adults. If younger adults remember 25% of the positive images and 25% of the negative images, you would expect that, of the total number of images they remembered, older adults would remember more than 25% positive images and ____ than 25% negative images.
In a national survey of older Americans reported in the text, adults age 65 and over rated their health and well-being. The most accurate conclusion to be drawn from the data reported would be that about three quarters of the people in this study reported that their health was good to excellent and Black Americans reported _______ levels of health than did White Americans:
If you conducted a random survey of older people who were living alone after a spouse had died, and of the people you surveyed 100 were men, you should expect that your survey group included about _____ women.
When she is honest with herself, Judy recognizes that she has wasted many of the opportunities that could have led her to a positive lifestyle. In this respect, Judy is engaging in the developmental task that Erikson thought characterized the later _________ period of the lifespan.
Rod visited with a retirement counselor who asked him if he had adequate savings and income, a place to live, and other related questions to learn how prepared Rod is to retire. The retirement counselor was most likely trying to estimate Rod’s index of _________ maturity.
Mr. Jones has suffered a severe stroke that has left him unable to walk, speak, or dress and feed himself. He needs nursing care for several hours a day, but his wife has died and his adult son lives 1,000 miles away. Which of the following options would most likely be the type of living arrangement that would best serve Mr. Jones’s needs?
According to terror management theory, thinking about one’s own death leads to a stronger ____-_______.
According to research cited in the text, when caregivers were asked to comment about the relief they felt following their loved one’s death, about 72% reported that death was a relief to them and about ___reported that they felt it provided a welcome relief to the person who died.
The text notes that today in the United States, we live in an era of “invisible death.” By this, the text means that we often cope with death by _______ its existence in our lives.
According to the work of Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, the statement "Why Me?" best reflects the _____ stage of dying?
Between 2003 and 2007, the number of hospice patients served in the United States ________ by about 50%.
The text points out an inconsistency between hospice care and hospital care. _________ focus on keeping patients alive, whereas _______ is focused on helping a person die.
Jodi is dying from a rare blood disorder, but insists that her doctor has made a mistake in the diagnosis. Jodi’s reaction is best considered to be an example of which of Kübler-Ross's five stages of dying?
A small town has experienced an unusually high suicide rate in recent years. Local officials try to prevent future suicides by concentrating their efforts on those most likely to commit suicide. These people would be ___ over age 75.
George is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, so he and his wife consult an attorney to draw up and sign documents giving George’s wife the legal authority to make decisions about George’s care. Such a document is called a medical power of ________.
According to the theory set forth by Kübler-Ross, the stage of adjustment in which the terminal patient has recognized that death will come is called:
The goal of ________ is to
help terminally ill patients live their final days as fully and independently as possible
When Elisabeth Kübler-Ross began her research on death and dying in the 1960s, she commonly observed all of the following EXCEPT: doctors and nurses provided ______ and more attentive.
Generalizing from the text, terror management theory seems to provide the best predictions for _______ people from individualist cultures.
Of the children who die before they reach age 18, the largest percentage falls into the age group of _ to 19.
Brittany, age 23, has just been told by her doctor that she has only a few months to live due to a heart ailment. Her reaction is to say that the diagnosis must be wrong and to seek out opinions from other doctors. Brittany’s reaction is best considered to be an example of which of Kübler-Ross's five stages of dying?
McDonald’s has established a network of “Ronald McDonald” houses near major hospitals so that families of very ill children will have a place to stay while visiting their ill child. This charity is best considered to be an example of: _________ care.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!