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Psychology Around Us
universal and biologically based
-fear, anger, disgust, contempt, sadness, joy, surprise
develop with cognitive maturity; vary across individual cultures
when, where, and how emotions are expressed or when they should be suppressed
acting out an emotion we do not feel or trying to create the right emotion for the occasion
process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed
the nonverbal signals of body movement, posture, and gaze that people constantly express
Type A personalities
determined to achieve, sense of time urgency, irritable, quick to respond to threat or challenge, impatient with obstacles
pursuit of an activity for its own sake
pursuit of an activity for external rewards such as money or fame
alters the brain chemistry that influences how animals eat as adults
regulates weight by strengthening neural circuits in hypothalamus that reduce appetite and weaken neural circuits that strengthen appetite
hypothesis- overfeeding infants while hypothalamus is developing may cause childhood obesity
endorphins, vasopressin, oxytocin
neurotransmitters and hormones involved in pleasure and reward are activated in mother-baby, adult lover, and close friend bonds
three attachment styles
secure- rarely jealous or worried about abandonment
avoidant- distrustful, avoids intimate attachments
anxious- agitated and worried partner will leave
goals framed in terms of performing well in front of others, being judged favorably, and avoiding criticism
goals framed in terms of increasing ones competence and skills
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