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Which of these is the most accurate definition of the discipline of psychology?
You are at a basketball game and the arena is packed; the crowd is evenly split between fans of the two teams. At one point, the referee makes a call. Half of the fans yell insults; the other half of the fans shout their approval. The event reminds you of the topic of today's lecture in psychology class. What was the likely topic of the lecture?
The question "Why is it happening?" refers to which of the following goals in psychology?
analyze how to break down his sensations into their most basic elements
Which of the following terms do NOT belong together?
The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one's behavior is part of what early field of psychology?
"Who is Sigmund Freud?"
a theory of personality that emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts
dogs would salivate to the sound of a bell due to a learned reflexive response called conditioning
involuntary reaction (salivation) could occur in response to an unrelated stimulus (sound of a bell)
Freud said phobias were ________, whereas Watson said phobias were ________.
repressed conflicts; learned
Suppose you were a graduate student studying for a Ph.D. in psychology in the 1920s. Your advisor was strongly influenced by John B. Watson. Which of the following might your advisor consider an acceptable choice for your research?
an analysis of how specific behaviors are acquired
Professor Wenches approaches questions about human behavior from a perspective that emphasizes unconscious dynamics within the individual, such as inner forces or conflicts. It is most likely that she accepts which of the following psychological approaches?
difficult to scientifically test and, thus, difficult to disprove
You attend a lecture by a psychologist who uses terms such as free will, human nature, and self-actualization. Which psychological perspective is most consistent with the points the psychologist presented?
In the early part of the past century, psychologists who broke down thought processes into their basic elements and analyzed them were called structuralists. What term might we use to describe psychologists with similar interests today?
The emerging field of brain imagery in cognitive neuroscience has developed methods, such as MRI, to examine ________.
images of the living brain
Darley and Latané (1968) believe that the presence of other people in a distressing situation decreased the likelihood that they would receive help due to ________.
diffusion of responsibility
Professor Beverly approaches questions about human behavior from a perspective that emphasizes bodily events and chemicals, such as hormones, associated with behavior. It is most likely that she accepts which of the following psychological approaches?
According to present research on psychologists, thirty-four percent are in the ________ subfield of psychology.
According to the present research on psychologists, the three most popular work settings are ________, ________, and ________.
There are several subfields of psychology according to the present research. The three largest subfields of psychology are ________, ________, and ________.
Clinical, Counseling, and Developmental
The scientific method
Forming a hypothesis is the second step in a scientific investigation. This step is derived from which goal of psychology?
After reading about the possible causes of schizophrenia, a scientist thinks that a virus is the most likely cause. What term most accurately describes the scientist's idea?
Roger went to McDonald's to observe people eating in fast-food restaurants. He brought a camera crew and bright lights, and they all wore yellow jump suits. Roger said he wanted to do a naturalistic observation but may have had some problems because of ________.
Kerri wanted to study the effects of having the oldest child in a family go off to college. She decided to use her own family after her brother went off to a college in France. She took notes each day on her parents' behavior and kept a diary on her own reactions. Kerri was using the technique called ;]________.
Sam conducted a naturalistic observation as a project for a psychology class. He observed the interactions of parents and children at a restaurant. Many of the people he observed seemed to notice him. When Sam described his work to his teacher, she suggested he find out more about the ________.
Which goal of psychology is most closely met through naturalistic observation?
When you watch dogs play in the park or watch how your professors conduct their classes, you are engaging in a form of ________.
You overhear psychology students preparing for a test. They note that one of the research methods often "fails to generalize." Which method is the MOST likely topic of their discussion?
In the 1970s, a 13-year-old girl was found locked up in a room, strapped to a potty chair. Since she had grown up in a world without human speech, researchers studied "Genie's" ability to acquire words, grammar, and pronunciation. This type of research is called ________.
a case study
A case study would be the most appropriate method to investigate which of these topics?
The development of a male baby raised as a female after a surgical error destroyed his penis.
Dr. Wiseman wants to know about the alcohol consumption patterns among college juniors in the United States. He should ________.
draw a representative sample among college juniors
Drinking orange juice is negatively correlated with the risk of cancer. Based on this information, which of the following statements is true?
The more orange juice you drink, the lower your risk of cancer.
A correlation coefficient represents two things: ________ and ________.
A correlation coefficient shows that alcohol consumption and driving accidents are indeed related. As a result, a researcher could predict ________ if the direction of the relationship is known.
the number of driving accidents a person has will go up or down based on the number of alcoholic drinks consumed
All of the following variables, except for ________, show a positive correlation.
height and weight
Which of the following statements is correct concerning correlation coefficients?
A correlation of +1.5 is very strong
A perfect correlation, whether positive or negative, is ________ in the real world.
A correlation coefficient is represented by the symbol ________.
small letter "r"
As a project for a psychology course, a student correlated weight and intelligence scores for 250 students. The computed correlation coefficient was .00. What did the scatter plot look like?
A) a straight line from the upper left to the lower right-hand corner
What is one of the major reasons that psychologists use operational definitions?
so that effects can be measured
An operational definition is ________.
the precise meaning of a term used to describe a variable, such as a type of behavior, that researchers want to measure
A researcher is investigating the effects of exercise on weight. What are the independent and dependent variables in this experiment?
The dependent variable is weight; the independent variable is exercise.
The placebo effect means ________.
the expectations of the participants influence their behavior
Two groups of graduate students were given rats and were told to teach them how to run mazes. Group 1 was told that they had "very smart" rats that should learn quickly. Group 2 was told that they had "very stupid" rats that should learn slowly. In actuality, neither group was any different and the rats were randomly assigned. In spite of that, when the experiment concluded, Group 1 rats had learned the maze much more quickly. How can that be explained?
________ is an experiment in which participants do not know if they are in the experimental or the control group but the experimenters do know which participants are part of which group.
A) Field research
The single-blind study
Double-blind studies control for ________.
both the placebo effect and the experimenter effect
The double-blind study
Each of the following is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological Association EXCEPT ________.
participants cannot be subjected to any physically or emotionally painful stimuli
Which of the following is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological Association?
Participants must be allowed to make an informed decision.
Which of the following statements about research with animals is incorrect?
Animal researchers do not use anesthesia in surgery, causing some concern about pain.
Which of the following statements concerning critical thinking is incorrect?
Some authorities should not be questioned.
In the statement "Critical thinking requires reasoned judgments," the word reasoned means ________.
logical and well thought out
The CEO of a large automobile company says the cars the company makes are safe regardless of the fact that they lead the country in accidents due to faulty equipment. This discrepancy highlights which of the following critical thinking principles?
Authority or expertise does not make the claims of the authority or expert true.
"There is no life outside this solar system and nothing you can say will change that fact!" Which criterion of critical thinking does this person lack?
Critical thinking requires an open mind.
Which of the following statements is correct concerning critical thinking and astrology?
Research shows no connection between astrological signs and personality.
Brock is the star quarterback on his college football team. When scoring his first test, his anatomy professor was surprised that he earned an "A+" because ________.
research suggests that athletes do not spend as much time studying than non-athletes
The function of the ________ is to carry information to and from all parts of the body.
The branch of life sciences which involves the structure and function of the brain and nervous system, while also focusing on the relationship between learning and behavior, is called ________.A
The part of the neuron whose name literally means "branch" is ________.
Which part of the neuron is responsible for maintaining the life of the cell?
Which part of a neuron is attached to the soma and carries messages out to other cells?
Your teacher asks you to describe the sequence of parts of a neuron that the impulse travels during neural conduction. Which of the following sequences will you offer?
dendrites, soma, axon, synaptic knob
Neurons make up ________ % of the brain, whereas glial cells make up _______%.
The two types of glial cells are called ________ and ________.
oligodendrocytes; Schwann cells
A cell in the human nervous system whose primary function is to provide insulation and structure for neurons on which they may develop and work is called a(n) ________.
A nerve is a group of ________ bundled together.
When the electric potential in a cell is in action versus a resting state, this electrical charge reversal is known as the ________.
What do we call the state of a neuron when it is not firing a neural impulse?
When a neuron fires, it fires in a(n) ________ fashion, as there is no such thing as "partial" firing.
A chemical found in the synaptic vesicles which, when released, has an effect on the next cell is called a ________.
________ are holes in the surface of the dendrites or certain cells of the muscles and glands that are shaped to fit only certain neurotransmitters.
Which structure is like a locked door that only certain neurotransmitter keys can unlock?
________ neurotransmitters make it more likely that a neuron will send its message to other neurons, whereas ________ neurotransmitters make it less likely that a neuron will send its message.
Curare, a poison, works by ________.
blocking receptor sites and acting as an antagonist for acetylcholine
After being bitten by a black widow spider, Jean starts to convulse. This is a result of _____.
a flood of acetylcholine releasing into the body's muscle system
The poison of the black widow spider works by stimulating the release of excessive amounts of ________.
Reuptake is ________.
a process by which neurotransmitters are sucked back into the synaptic vesicles
central nervous system
LaKeisha stepped on a piece of glass and quickly pulled her foot away from that sharp object. Which of the following are responsible for sending a message to the muscles in LaKeisha's foot, resulting in her pulling her foot away from the piece of glass?
Jack suffered a brain injury as a result of hitting his head while waterskiing. One of the problems that developed was that Jack could not pronounce certain words correctly for a long period of time until he had extensive speech therapy; he can now speak as he did before his accident. This is an example of the brain's ________, which allowed the structure and function of his brain cells to change to adjust to the trauma.
Which statement is untrue about stem cells?
Stem cells which are not embryonic in origin ________.
do not want to change into cells of the tissue in which they originate
As she walks out of the living room, Gloriann turns out the light. In this example, Gloriann's ________ is active.
somatic nervous system
The subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that consists of nerves that control all of the involuntary muscles, organs, and glands is called the ________ nervous system.
When you see someone you have a crush on and your heart pounds, your hands get sweaty, and your cheeks feel hot, your ________ is/are active.
autonomic nervous system
The autonomic nervous system has two divisions called the ________ and the ________.
The part of the autonomic nervous system that is responsible for reacting to stressful events and bodily arousal is called the ________ nervous system.
The branch of the autonomic nervous system that restores the body to normal functioning after arousal and is responsible for day-to-day functioning of the organs and glands is called the ________.
parasympathetic nervous system
Malcolm is studying alone in his room late at night when he hears a loud noise downstairs. He wonders if a burglar has entered the house and decides to investigate. When he gets downstairs, he discovers his cat has knocked over a plant stand. His body begins to relax and return to normal. Which part of Malcolm's nervous system is responsible for returning him to a normal state?
Insertion into the brain of a thin insulated wire through which is sent an electrical current that destroys the brain cells at the tip of the wire is called ________.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
The ________ is a structure in the brain stem responsible for life-sustaining functions, such as breathing and heart rate.
An auto accident rendered Chris's nervous system unable to send messages for him to breathe, so he is on a respirator. Which brain structure was damaged in the accident?
he brain is divided into several different structures on the bottom part of the brain referred to as the "hindbrain." Which of the parts of the brain listed below is NOT located in the hindbrain?
A college student is having difficulty staying awake during the day and sleeping through the night. Her difficulties are MOST likely due to problems in the ________.
What is the main function of the reticular formation?
Alice is typing her term paper in the computer lab. Although a class is going on just a few feet away, she does not seem to notice. Which part of the brain allows Alice to focus on her typing and ignore the distractions that surround her?
Katie has grown up sleeping with a fan running in her room since she was an infant. In an effort to save electricity, her mother has started coming into her room and turning her fan off after she thinks Katie is asleep. However, each time Katie wakes up and asks for the fan to be turned back on. Katie is selectively attending to certain kinds of information in her surroundings has been linked to the ________ part of the brain.
Tracey has been unable to participate in her gymnastics class and has been very uncoordinated since she was involved in an accident where she suffered a head injury. As a result of the accident, she was likely to have suffered damage to her ________.
Signals from the neurons of which sense are NOT sent to the cortex by the thalamus?
Rats that have a damaged ________ will show no fear when placed next to a cat.
The ________ instantly assesses anger or threat.
The ________ is located within the temporal lobe on each side of the brain and if electrically stimulated it may produce dream-like or memory-like experiences.
Jerry loves the smell of the grass after it rains. This is a result of his ________, which has (have) received signals from neurons in his sinus cavity.
The cortex is divided into two sections referred to as ________.
The thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres is called the ________.
Which of the following is the section of the brain located at the rear and bottom of each cerebral hemisphere and contains the visual centers of the brain?
The part of the occipital lobe that is responsible for receiving visual information from the eyes is called the ________.
primary visual cortex
Damage to the ________ would result in an inability to identify and comprehend what is seen through the eyes.
visual association cortex
ohn has decided to start to learn how to wrestle. His first day at practice, a seasoned wrestler slams the back of his head to the mat. John was shaken and reported to the trainer that he "saw stars" after he hit his head. As a result of "seeing stars," John's ________ was temporarily affected as a result of the slam.
The part of the brain located just behind the temples, containing neurons responsible for the sense of hearing and meaningful speech, is called the ________.
Which of the following lobes are involved in planning, memory, and personality?
The area of the frontal lobe that is devoted to the production of fluent speech is ________ area.
If Darren's brain is like that of most people, then language will be handled by his _.
Which of the following is a function of the right hemisphere?
Hormones are chemicals that are secreted and go directly into ________.
Hormones are ________.
chemicals released into the bloodstream by the endocrine glands
The hormone released by the pineal gland that reduces body temperature and prepares you for sleep is ________.
________ are fired when an animal performs an action or when the animal observes that same action being performed. For example, an infant will mimic the facial expressions of adults.
The point at which a person can detect a stimulus 50 percent of the time it is presented is called the ________.
The lowest intensity of a particular stimulus that enables the average person to detect that stimulus 50 percent of the time it is presented is called the ________.
The lowest stimulus intensity required for detection is the ________ and the smallest noticeable difference between a standard stimulus intensity and another stimulus value is the ________.
hen Ann went to her doctor, he gave her a hearing test. During the test, the doctor presented tones to Ann through earphones. The tones started at a low intensity and then became louder. The doctor asked Ann to raise her hand whenever she started to hear a sound. The doctor was testing Ann's ________.
Some people believe that ________ are messages that can be sent to consumers, prompting them to buy a product without their being aware of receiving such messages.
Ernest Weber provided a formulation that is used to determine the ________.
We can see a candle flame at 30 miles on a clear, dark night, and we can hear the tick of a watch 20 feet away in a quiet room. These two facts are examples of ________.
When you first put your hat on, you can feel it quite easily, but after a while, you forget that you are wearing a hat at all and the sensation disappears. What happened?
In the process known as ________, sensory receptors become less sensitive to repeated presentations of the same stimulus.
Our eyes don't adapt completely to a repeated visual stimulus because ________.
eye movements called microsaccades cause the stimulus image to vibrate slightly on the retina
Microsaccades are ________.
tiny vibrations of the eye that prevent images from fading
Which pairing of name and property of light is correct?
Einstein; wave pocket (photon)
Light is said to have a dual nature, meaning it can be thought of in two different ways. These two ways are ________.
photons and waves
What color would you report seeing if a researcher projects the longest wavelength in the visible spectrum onto a screen?
Erin has learned to create a "truly red" light by focusing on only one wavelength of the visible spectrum. She is most likely to be concerned with which property of light?
When we describe someone's eyes as blue, technically we are referring to his or her blue ________.
The wavelength of the light reaching your eyes determines in part what ________ you see.
Which part of the eye is a muscle that regulates the size of the pupil?
Light is focused on the retina by the ________.
Which component of the eye contains the visual receptors?
Bundles of axons from ganglion cells make up the ________.
The place in the retina where the axons of all the ganglion cells come together to leave the eye is called the ________.
Which of the following is true about cones?
Each retina of the eye has about ________ million rods and cones.
Which of the following sequences correctly indicates the pathway of nerve impulses on their way from the eye to the brain?
photoreceptor cells, bipolar cells, optic nerve, ganglion cells
Which of the following is true of rods?
They are responsible for peripheral vision.
As it gets darker, older folks have a hard time adjusting to the light levels and seeing well. In some cases, this can be treated with ________.
The fovea is made up of ________.
If an artist were to blend red, green, and blue lights together by focusing lights of those three colors on one common spot, the result would look ________.
If an artist were to blend red, green, and blue paints together, the result would look ________.
If you stare for 30 seconds at a red object and then look at a blank sheet of white paper, you will see a greenish image of the object. This phenomenon BEST supports the ________ theory of color vision.
According to the opponent-process theory of color vision, the correct pairings of opposite colors are ________.
red versus green and blue versus yellow
Amy's school records describe her as a monochromat. What can we assume about Amy's perceptual abilities?
She does not see color.
Why do researchers believe color deficiencies often have genetic causes?
One of your mother's siblings is always known for putting together awful-looking colors when getting dressed. Who is this person more likely to be?
your uncle, because men have more problems with color vision
Which of the following properties of sound would be the most similar to the color, or hue, of light?
An alien from outer space was just captured. Scientists take turns examining the creature. At a press conference, one of the scientists reports that the alien can hear frequencies between 10,000 and 30,000 Hz. How does the alien's ability to detect sound compare to a human being's ability?
The alien can detect higher frequencies, but its hearing is not as acute at lower frequencies.
What is the basic function of the outer ear?
to concentrate and funnel sound waves to the eardrum
The eardrum is also called the ________.
The outer ear is called the ________.
The bone that is attached to the eardrum is called the ________; the bone that is connected to the oval window is called the ________.
hammer (malleus); stirrup (stapes)
Which of the following are the auditory receptors where sound waves finally become neural impulses?
The place theory of pitch suggests that pitch is determined by the ________.
specific hair cells that are stimulated
Which theory proposes that, above 100 Hz but below 1,000 Hz, auditory neurons do not fire all at once but in rotation?
Nerve hearing impairment can be best treated with ________.
A person can have between ________ taste buds in his or her mouth.
500 and 10,000
Our sense of taste works best when food molecules are ________.
dissolved in saliva in our mouths
Where are the taste receptors located?
What is the approximate life expectancy of individual taste receptor cells?
What are the five primary tastes?
bitter, salty, sour, sweet, umami
Which is the newest of the five basic tastes to be discovered?
umami or brothy
The human olfactory system contains about ________ olfactory receptors.
After some time has passed, you can no longer smell the odor of the onions that your mother used in cooking dinner. Which is the most likely reason for this?
You've habituated to the smell, even though it's still there.
Which is the best description of the kinesthetic sense?
Which is the best description of the skin senses?
They have to do with touch, pressure, temperature, and pain.
There is (are) ________ somesthetic sense system(s).
The skin senses are concerned with ________.
touch, pressure, temperature, and pain
The kinesthetic senses are concerned with ________.
the location of body parts in relation to the ground and to each other
Hair follicle nerve endings respond to ________.
pain and touch
Which skin receptors respond only to pressure?
Pain sensations in the skin, muscles, tendons, and joints that are carried on large nerve fibers are called ________.
The idea that pain signals must pass through a type of "doorway" in the spinal cord is referred to as the ________.
gate-control theory of pain
The gate-control theory of pain suggests that ________.
the pain signals must pass through a kind of "gate" located in the spinal cord
Endorphins are the neurotransmitters that ________.
control pain by flowing to the site of the injury
Proprioceptors signal ________.
the location of our body parts in space
Dizziness, nausea, and disorientation may result if the information from the eyes conflicts a little too much with that from the vestibular organs, according to the ________ of motion sickness.
sensory conflict theory
Which is the BEST explanation of why we tend to get nauseated when riding in a moving vehicle?
) the conflict between vision and the vestibular organs
Natasha is learning ballet and is just starting on high-speed spins. Her teacher tells her that to avoid motion sickness, she should ________.
try to focus on some distant point
________ is the mental process of making sense of sensory information.
Perception is the ________.
The tendency to interpret an object as always having the same physical dimensions, regardless of its distance from the viewer, is known as ________.
A student takes a drug that distorts perception. He holds up his hand right in front of his face. Horrified he yells, "I have a giant hand!" Most likely the drug interfered with ________.
Figure-ground relationships concern ________.
the tendency to perceive objects, or figures, on some background
What term do psychologists use to designate our personal awareness of feelings, sensations, and thoughts?
Consciousness is the ________.
awareness of ourselves and the environment
Our awareness of various mental processes, such as making decisions, daydreaming, reflecting, and concentrating, is called ________.
What do we call a state of consciousness that can result from the use of alcohol, drugs, or hypnosis?
altered state of consciousness
altered states of consciousness
Which of the following is NOT an altered state of consciousness?
Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of ________.
altered states of consciousness
What aspect of circadian rhythms might explain why we tend to feel so tired at night?
There is an organ in the brain sensitive to light changes, which then affects our sleepiness.
Our sleep-wake cycle follows a(n) ________ rhythm.
The hypothalamus controls the ________.
The sleep-wake cycle is ultimately controlled by the part of the brain called the ________.
Where is the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) located?
Circadian rhythms are controlled by the ________.
suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)
SCN stands for ________.
The hormone melatonin reaches peak levels in the body during the ________.
Melatonin is to ________ as an aspirin is to ________.
According to research on sleep deprivation, a moderate amount of sleep loss ________.
According to this theory, sleep is a product of evolution.
Which statement is correct concerning how much sleep people need?
Most people need between 7 and 9 hours of sleep.
Which device would a sleep researcher use to monitor a sleeping person's brain waves?
You see an advertisement for a method of learning a foreign language that seems simple just put on a tape and fall asleep. The accompanying description cites proof that people can learn while asleep. Being a good psychological detective, what question would you ask about the offered proof?
You are watching sleep researchers monitor the sleep of a normal adult. The participant is hooked up to an EEG. What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep?
alpha eventually replaced by theta
What term do sleep researchers use to designate stages 1-4 of sleep?
Upon just waking up, you report a vivid visual event. What term do psychologists use for such phenomena?
Sleep spindles appear during ________ sleep.
The stage of sleep in which delta waves begin to appear is ________ sleep.
The stage of sleep marked by the production of very slow delta waves is ________ sleep.
People in stage 4 sleep ________.
are hard to wake up
REM myth refers to the belief that ________.
without REM sleep, one will go mad
Which of the following is CORRECT concerning REM deprivation?
What would you expect to see on the EEG record of a person who is engaged in an episode of sleepwalking?
evidence of deep sleep (stage 4)
Judith is startled when her 6-year-old daughter, Laura, sleepwalks into the family room. It is most likely that Laura is experiencing the ________ stage of the sleep cycle.
Sleepwalking occurs ________.
primarily during NREM Stage 4 sleep
Approximately ________ percent of the population experiences at least one episode of sleepwalking.
REM behavior disorder results from ________.
failure of the brain mechanisms to block brain signals to the muscles
REM behavior disorder most commonly occurs ________.
in men over 60
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Night terrors are a rare disorder.
Which of the following statements is correct?
There have been cases in which sleepwalking was a successful murder defense.
One of the main semantic problems with using sleepwalking as a defense for murder is ________.
the correct term for this type of behavior is REM behavior disorder
To treat your sleep problem you are told that you should not nap, you should set your alarm clock to wake up at the same time each day, and you should get out of bed if you cannot sleep. What sleep disorder have you been experiencing?
Try to nap as much as possible.
The difference between insomnia and apnea is that ________.
insomnia is characterized by sleeplessness, whereas apnea is characterized by breathing difficulties
A sleep disorder that may require the use of a machine to force air gently into the nasal passages is called ________.
If your physician says you need a treatment called CPAP, you are suffering from ________.
A) sleep terrors
A student nurse looks at a patient's chart and does not understand the meaning of serious sleep apnea, so she asks the head nurse for assistance. How might the head nurse describe this condition?
The patient has a potentially life-threatening condition in which air does not flow into or out of his nose or mouth for periods of time while he is asleep.
CPAP stands for ________.
continuous positive airway pressure
John, 62 years old, who is overweight
Sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by ________.
Your friend has experienced excessive daytime sleepiness. He is laughing with you and suddenly falls to the ground. Your friend is probably suffering from ________.
You are telling a joke to your friend who is laughing uproariously and then suddenly collapses to the floor. You are not surprised to later learn that he has a sleep disorder known as ________.
Which of the following statements might help you determine if an individual has narcolepsy?
"I sometimes fall into a deep sleep in the middle of a conversation."
Narcolepsy occurs when ________.
REM sleep intrudes into wakefulness
Which of the following conditions would you least like the pilot flying your airplane to have?
Freud's psychoanalytic theory of dreaming states that ________.
Interpretation of the ________ content of a dream is expected to reveal the ________ content.
According to Sigmund Freud, the important underlying meaning of our dreams is found in the ________.
A newspaper advertisement describes a book that offers interpretations of dreams. In attempting to tell readers the meaning of the symbols of their dreams, the author intends to describe the________.
Sigmund Freud would agree with all of the following EXCEPT ________.
Freud never really believed that dreams represented the unconscious
According to Freud, the visible, or directly observable, content of a dream is its ________ content.
A client tells his therapist about a dream of riding on a train with his boss. At the end of the journey, the boss gets off the train at a terminal. The therapist suggests that the "terminal" in the dream indicates an unconscious desire by the client to "terminate" his boss. This desire to terminate the boss, if it exists, would reflect what Freud called the ________ content of the dream.
The activation-synthesis hypothesis resulted from using ________.
According to the activation-synthesis theory of dreaming, the source of a dream is neuronal firing in the ________.
the cortex making sense of signals from the brain stem
The activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming states that ________.
dreams are merely another kind of thinking; dreams occur because of random brain stem signals
Which of the following statements is CORRECT concerning the concept of gender and dreams?
Research reports that men and women differ in the things they dream about.
Which of the following elements is NOT present during hypnotic induction?
The person is told to hum quietly while being hypnotized.
Who among the following people might be a likely candidate for hypnosis?
Which of the following statements is correct concerning hypnosis?
Which of the following statements is correct concerning what hypnosis can do?
Hypnosis can create amnesia.
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