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Psychology 100 Final
Psychology 100 Final
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Exhibiting two or more distinct and alternating personalities is a symptom of a(n)
A conversion disorder is most likely to be characterized by
very specific physical symptoms that have no apparent physiological basis.
Antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by
a lack of guilt feelings.
A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by
feelings of personal worthlessness
Incapacitating efforts to avoid specific anxiety-producing situations is most indicative of certain
A person attacked by a fierce dog develops a fear of all dogs. This best illustrates
The prominent feature of mood disorders is the experience of
According to the medical model, psychological disorders are
sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured.
Researchers have suggested that the role-playing of fantasy-prone patients n response to the leading questions of therapists has often contributed to
dissociative identity disorder
A disorder in which an individual is overexcited, hyperactive, and wildly optimistic is known as
Cognitive changes that accompany depression include a(n)
increased expectation of negative outcomes
A fundamental problem with the diagnostic labeling of psychologically disordered behaviors is that the labels often
bias our perceptions of the labeled person
Ongoing patterns of behavior that are different from those of most other people in your culture are best characterized as
A psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a bodily form without apparent physical cause is a
A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by
a continuous state of tension, apprehension, and autonomic nervous system arousal.
Two years of being brutally beaten and raped, Sam still experiences jumpy anxiety and has trouble sleeping and vivid flashbacks of her assault. This is
post-traumatic stress disorder
offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person
Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of _____ disorders.
Many clinicians diagnose disorder by answering questions from five levels of the
The ability of mental health professionals to quickly communicate the characteristics of their parents' complex symptoms is facilitated by the use of
Overgeneralized beliefs about a group of people that often underlie prejudicial emotions are called
Stress often generates a readiness to be aggressive that is associated with
the fight-or-flight reaction
Which branch of psychology is most directly concerned with the study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another?
Sharing household chores ranks high on a list of things people associate with successful marriages. This best illustrates the perceived value of
Group polarization is most likely to occur in a group in which
individuals share a similar opinion
Opinion change resulting from a thoughtful focus on the content of arguments illustrates
the central route to persuasion
De individuation refers to
a loss of self-awareness and self-restraint in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity.
The affectionate attachment that keeps a relationship going after passionate feelings cool is known as
Attribution theory was designed to account for
how people explain others' behavior
Alex thinks smoking is addictive but other players on his hockey team insist that its not. Alex is likely to conform to their opinion if
he feels insecure in his role as a new member of the team.
We tend to feel cheerful around happy people and sad around depressed people. This illustrates
the bystander effect refers to the tendency for an observer of an emergency to withhold aid if the
emergency is being observed by a number of other people.
The mere exposure effect refers to the fact that people
experience increasing attraction to novel stimuli that become more familiar.
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes.
cognitive dissonance theory
Animals that have successfully fought to get food or mates become increasingly ferocious. This best illustrates that aggression is influenced by
Unconsciously mimicking those around us is known as
the chameleon effect
Adjusting one's behavior or thinking toward a group standard is called
The foot-in-the door phenomenon refers to the tendency to
comply with a large request if one has previously complied with a small request.
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