Psychology 1000 Unit 2 Flashcards
- University of Missouri- Columbia
- Psychology 1000
- Psychology 1000 Unit 2 Flashcards
Last Modified: 2011-07-18
Ex: the food in Pavlov's dog experiment.
Ex: the dogs salivating in Pavlov's experiment.
Ex: sound of the bell in Pavlov's experiment.
Ex: Salivation to the bell in Pavlov's experiment.
interval schedule: time intervals
ratio schedule: ratio/number of responses
Ex: For every 10 minutes you sit still at the doctor's office, you get a lollipop.
Ex: A car dealership gives away keys to a brand new car (on average) every hour.
Ex: After every 10 pizzas you buy, you get one free.
Ex: A casino jackpot machine hits every 100th player.
Reinforcement not required.
Ex: someone whose behavior might serve as a guide for others.
Also occurs in animals.
Nativist Explanation: language is an innate, biological capacity.
Interactionist Explanations: social interactions play a crucial role in language.
Wernicke's Area : Responsible for comprehension of vocal and sign languages. (left temporal lobe).
-depends on where the brain is damaged.
prototype: the "best" or "most typical" member of a category.
-simplify available information
-choose prospect with greatest value
-the "zombie" problem
-people judge minds according to experience and agency.
-Rene Descartes proposed that the body is a physical machine and the mind/soul is a separate "thinking substance"
-pineal gland proposed as center of consciousness
Alpha-Deep relaxation, blank mind, meditation
Bad work performance and quality of life
Makes you hungry
Coronary Heart Disease
Heart Rhythm (poor vagal tone)
Reduced pain tolerance
Immune function-reduced natural killer cell activity, elevated cytokines
Ex: alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, toxic inhalants
Ex: caffeine, amphetamines, nicotine, cocaine, ecstasy
Ex: Heroin, morphine, methadone, codeine
Ex: LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, PCP, ketamine
Relaxes, disinhibits, produces a euphoric high
Can be used as relief for pain, nausea, severe weight loss
Impairs motor coordination, perceptual skills, and reaction time
Disrupts memory formation
Alcohol Myopia: Results when alcohol hampers attention, leading people to respond in simple ways to complex situations.
-Variety of techniques have a period of quiet
-Produces alpha waves
-Valence-Is it good or bad?
-Arousal-Does it involve more or less energy?
Schacter-Singer (two-factor) Theory
-Intensification-pretending to enjoy something
-Deintensification-hiding your excitement
-Masking-showing one emotion to disguise the real one
-Neutralizing-trying to act neutral so as not to affect other's perceptions of you.
Leptin-tells the brain to switch hunger "off"
The Ventromedial Hypothalamus causes us to start eating more.
Anorexia Nervose- A disorder characterized by an intense fear of being fat and severe restriction of food intake.
Plateau phase-increased heart rate/muscle tension
Resolution phase-refractory period when blood pressure drops, muscles relax, and some time must pass before the cycle can restart.
Preoperational Stage (2-6yrs)
Concrete Operational Stage (6-11yrs)-Conservation and mental representations.
Formal Operational Stage (11yrs-adulthood)
Conventional Stage-The morality of an action is primarily determined by the extent to which it conforms to social rules.
Postconventional Stage-The morality of an action is determined by a set of general principles that reflect core values.
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