Which of the following concepts refers to the degree to which an experimental design actually reflects the real-world issues it is supposed to address?
According to the _____, people have the ability to control their lives and are not simply controlled by the environment.
Dr. Ziggy is conducting a study of flirting behavior. He says that flirting is "Behavior that is used to attract the attention of a potentially desirable opposite- or same-sex partner", and decides that data collection will include elements such as eye contact, touching, laughter, smiling, and several other behaviors. In doing this, Dr. Ziggy has created a(n) _____________ of flirting.
Which approach emerged as a rebellion to the narrow view of the behaviorists, and argued that internal mental processes such as memory and problem-solving could be studied scientifically?
Dr. Isaacs has found a strong correlation between GPA and the number of hours a person spends watching TV. Specifically, she has found that the more TV a person watches each week, the lower his GPA is likely to be. Put another way, she has found that as TV watching increases, GPA decreases. Which of the following correlation coefficients describes her findings?
Dr. Wagner's approach to psychotherapy stresses the role of unconscious processes and unresolved childhood conflicts. With which psychological approach does this align?
Dr. Badal is a psychologist who studies achievement motivation among groups of African American, Latino, and Asian American people. Dr. Badal likely practices the _____ to psychology.
Sonja believes the pill her doctor gave her has cured her of her anxiety disorder, even though the pill contained no active ingredients. Sonja's belief that she is better now is an example of the _____ effect.
Dr. Chuck studies mating behaviors. He wants to learn whether certain human mating behaviors can also be found in other species that are our ancestors, such as chimpanzees. He also wants to learn whether these behaviors are adaptive, affording humans greater chances of survival. Which approach to psychology does Dr. Chuck likely take?
If you were a psychologist who adopted the structuralism approach, you would be interested in the _____ of the mind, using _____ as your primary research method.
A(n) _____ is a broad idea or closely related set of ideas that attempts to explain observations and to make predictions about future observations.
Dr. Hammer studies the connection between chocolate consumption and memory by manipulating the amount of chocolate she gives to different groups, and then measuring their performance on different memory tasks. One group eats two chocolate bars, one group eats one bar, and the control group eats no chocolate. Within this study, what is the independent variable?
Amount of chocolate consumed
According to the principle of _____, all research participants must know what their participation will involve and what risks might develop.
Dr. Hammer studies the connection between chocolate consumption and memory by manipulating the amount of chocolate she gives to different groups, and then measuring their performance on different memory tasks. One group eats two chocolate bars, one group eats one bar, and the control group eats no chocolate. Within this study, what is the dependent variable?
Performance on the memory task
A psychologist who scientifically studies the structure, function and biochemistry of the brain and nervous system likely takes which approach to psychology?
Dr. Burrhus approaches by studying only the observable things that people do. She says these are the only elements of human nature that are measurable, and so the science of psychology should focus only on these things, and not on internal mental processes. Dr. Burrhus likely describes herself as which type of psychologist?
Professor Wong measured the intelligence and temperament of a group of preschoolers. He plans to follow the same group of participants over time and collect similar data when the children are in 3rd grade, 6th grade, and 9th grade. This is an example of which type of research design?
Kai is a two year old who lives in a home with a cat. When he sees a horse outside one day, he points and calls it a cat, because it has four legs and a tail. Upon which approach to concept formation is Kai relying?
Margaret fell down her basement stairs and suffered serious injury to her amygdala. What memory problems is she most likely to have now?
Attention, deep processing, elaboration, and the use of mental imagery are _____ processes.
Although Jim had never been in a college psychology class before, based on past experience with other college classes he knew when he arrived in the classroom that he should sit down, that he should pay attention to the professor, that he should take notes, and that he should expect to have to complete assignments and tests. He knew this because he has a(n) _____ for the general experience of being in a college class
Brianna is very politically opinionated. She seeks out all of her political news only from media which she knows she agrees with, and she avoids media sources that are likely to criticize her positions. Brianna is guilty of:
Monique routinely uses a shredder to shred her junk mail into confetti-sized pieces of paper, which she then just throws away. When packing her glassware to move into a new apartment, she runs out of protective styrofoam packing material. Suddenly Monique gets the idea to empty her shredder and use the shredded junk mail confetti for packing material. Monique has _____.
overcome functional fixedness
Most adults do not lose in games of Tic-Tac-Toe because they follow a set of steps that guarantee they will not lose. Which kind of strategy is this?
Jennifer has sustained a brain injury, and is no longer able to create new memories. Her son may come into her room just five minutes after he last saw her, and she will react like she hasn't seen him in years. What type of memory disorder does Jennifer have?
According to Baddeley's view of the three components of working memory, the _____ acts like a supervisor who monitors which information deserves our attention and which we should ignore.
The fact that we hear about airplane crashes on the news more often than we hear about automobile crashes may lead us to believe that we are more likely to die in a plane than a car. This is an example of a(n) _____.
Which of these statements best describes the current understanding of repression?
Most studies of traumatic memory indicate that a traumatic life event is very likely to be remembered.
All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is mortal. This is an example of which form of reasoning, which begins with a general case?
Beth finds that she can memorize material for her exam better if she creates a mental image of it. Which hypothesis supports this approach, saying that such imagery is stored in memory as both an image and a verbal code?
Long-term potentiation is a concept that explains _____.
how memory functions at the neuron level
Joe has to learn several new concepts for an exam. He does so by building a number of connections between each new concept and his own personal experience. Joe is using which approach to memory encoding?
Gene has a flashbulb memory for the moment he heard about the bombing of Pearl Harbor. What is the best description of this type of memory?
It is likely to be vivid and detailed, but not necessarily accurate
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