Researchers using methods of direct observation find that getting participants for their studies is fairly easy among college student populations. T/F
What term is used to describe a transgender individual who is experiencing confusion or discomfort about their biological sex and gender identity?
Queer theory supports slow, steady social change. T/F
According to Maltz and Borker, what is true of men and women's communication styles?
Early play experiences are related to later communication styles
According the the 19th century medical mode, homosexuality is a sin. T/F
According to the Onion Theory of Communication people have the tendency to reveal information about themselves from the inside out. T/F
Which of the following is true about gender roles in adolescence?
Girls have more latitude with their behavior
What does the author of your textbook suggest helps facilitate a meaningful conversation about sexuality in relationship?
Know correct terminology and have sexual vocabulary
What is TRUE about the relationship between white settlers and minority groups in the U.S.?
Native americans were criticized for their attitudes towards premarital sex and practice of polygamy
What best describes the term platonic?
A loving friendship devoid of sexual contact or desire
The purpose of anti-miscegenation laws was to make _____ illegal.
After World War II, how were homosexuals treated?
Homosexuals were put in jail and mental hospitals
What is a disadvantage of correlational research?
It provides no information about causation
What female sex organ arises from the same tissue as the glans of the penis?
What describes the ritual act of sati among Indian Women?
The tradition of widows throwing themselves on their husband's burning funeral pyre
What is important about the Stonewall Riot of 1969?
The gay community resisted police brutality during a raid at a new york bar
A)Males are more neurologically advanced and mature faster.
B)More Male fetuses miscarry
C)Females die at younger ages than males
D) Female brains are more asymmetrical than males
B) More male fetuses miscarry
LEAST likely to ask earlier in a relationship?
A)What led you to pick your major?
B)How do you get along with your roommates?
C) What are your hobbies?
D) How did you get along with your parents growing up?
D) How did you get along with your parents growing up?
Best describes Sheila Rothman's belief about the context of woman hood?
A) What it means to be a woman has remained very constant from one time period to the next
B)What it means to be a woman is mostly defined by determinants of masculinity during any given time period
C)What it means to be a woman is understood within the context of motherhood
D)What it means to be a woman has shifted from one time period to the next
D) What it means to be a woman has shifted from one time period to the next
According to sexuality is:
Trust in a relationship is highly correlated to level of self-disclosure. T/F
In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association removed from its list of psychiatric disorders
Who was the first researcher to ask Americans about their sexual behavior, finding in his/her study that most of the U.S. women surveyed thought sexual intercourse was for pleasure and reproduction?
What does the term "genderlects" refer to?
The fundamental differences in the way men and women communicate
Why are finding the National College Health Assessment possibly not gneralizable?
Schools pay to participate in the study
If someone is trying to weigh his/her options to make a decision about whether to take a new job in a different city, he/she is likely to prefer talking with a friend who has this style of communication.
If Freud is correct, sexual urges are LEAST important while a child is in which stage?
What best describes how semen was viewed in early Chinese civilization?
Scacred and precious
According to your text, who is considered the most influential sex researcher of the 20th century?
All of the following are criticism of Freud's theory EXCEPT:
Frued studies mainly "sick" People
In 1973, the American Psychiatic Association removed homosexuality from its list of psychriatic disorders. T/F
A research wants to study poeples behavior on first time dates so he/she joins an internet dating service. what type of research method would this be?
Who coducted most sexuality in the late 19th century?
Couples who report disagreements in their relationship tend to experience higher level of satisfaction than couples who report that they do not fight at all. T/F
In the United States, personal health is valued over personal beauty.
What do Maltz and Borker suggest related to head-nodding in conversations between men and women?
There are differences in meanings between men's nods and Men's nods during conversations.
The National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior found condom use was higher among African Americans than among White Americans. T/F
Early sexuality researchers from the 19th century concentrated on the healty and positive aspects of sexuality. T/F
WHat does the term "gender-neutral housing" refer to on college campuses?
Allowing male and female students to share rooms in a residence hall
Where is the majority of a person's gaze directed during a typical conversation?
The eyes, nose and mouth of the other person
How did the Planned Parenthood organization first begin?
As a birth control clinic in New York
According to Tannen's theory, which of the following would men be more likely than women to do in conversations?
none of these
In most cultures, men are more likely than women to have all of the following EXEPT:
a) Stress-related illnesses
B) Motor vehicle accidents
C) Cirrhosis of the liver
D) Suicide attempts
D) Suicide Attempts
In typical development, if the male contributes a Y chromosome, the child will be male. T/F
The Pairs of chromosomes that determine the sex of the child are the autosome. T/F
Sandra Bem would define an androgynous individual as one who is:
High in masculinity, high in femininity
In an experiment, what variable does the experiment manipulate?
A couple comes to a lab and has sexual intercourse first with no one observing and then comes back and has sex while hooked up to a variety of instruments to measure changes in erection and vaginal lubrication. THis couple might have been participants in a study done by which researchers?
William masters and Virginia Johnson
How was homosexuality viewed according to the 19th century medical model of sexuality?
The National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior found that today's adolescents are increasingly engaging in more risky sexual behaviors. T/F
What does the term spermatogenesis refer to?
The production of sperm
All of the following are true about teens and contraceptive use EXCEPT:
A) Teens who talk more frequently with their mothers about sexuality are more likely to use contraception than teens who do not talk to their mothers
B) Approximately 80% of U.S. teens use contraception the first time they engage in sexual intercourse.
C)Condoms are the most common form of contraception method among teens.
D)Teens in long term relationship are less likely to use contraception methods
D) Teens in long term relationships are less likely to use contraception
What is a specific risk factor that contribute to PMDD?
History of major depression
Current recommendations suggest routine pap smears beginning at the age of 17. T/F
What type of sexuality related questions are the most common for children to ask first?
Why do boys have a penis and girls have a vagina?
In his observations of heterosexual strangers in bar situations, Perper found if people were mutually attracted to each other the first indication was what?
They turn their bodies more toward each other until they are facing each other
If a woman has a hymen that is not intact, what can we safely assume?
None of these
Related to peer influences, what is true of how peers influence each other related to sexual behaviors?
A person's perception of what peers are doing has a greater influence than peers' actual behaviors.
Which of the following is NOT a part of the vulva?
What best describes the ejaculatory pathway of sperm?
Epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct, urethra.
Devon, whose mother smoked during pregnancy, was born prematurely and had to have surgery for undescended testes when he was 9 months old. What condition is Devon most likely diagnosed with?
Sixteen-month old Latesha doesn't mind if her father leaves the room because she knows he will respond if she needs him. What style of attachment is Latesha most likely to have?
Ultrasound technology has revealed that sexual anatomy (i.e. erections in males) becomes functional before birth. T/F
When a person is in love, his or her body releases the drug phenylethylamine which is also found in which of the following?
Research finds that more adolescent and young adult males masturbate than females. What is one possible reason for this?
Females may under-report their masturbation
A fertilized ovum typically implants in the cervix. T/F
According to behavioral reinforcement theory, a person may dislike someone based on the experience of an unrelated negative association in his or her presence. T/F
Next to skin cancer, what is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men?
Ethnic differences do not account for much variance in sexual attitudes, sexual behaviors, or frequency of behaviors among teens. T/F
The realization that one's gender does not typically change over the life span is called:
What is the primary function of the mons veneris?
To protect the genitals during intercourse
On average, boys begin ejaculation before most girls experience their first period. T/F
Which style of attachment is most likely used to describe babies who have caregivers who are uncomfortable with affection and force separation at an early age?
How many sperm per milliliter on average does each ejaculation contain?
50-150 million per milliliter
Research has found a strong correlation between intimacy and the ability to do what?
"I would do almost anything for her" is an example from which part of Rubin's Love Scale?
Young boys are often told to call their penis a "wiener." What are young girls often told to call their clitoris?
man in the boat
None of the above
What method did psychologist, John Alan lee, use to identify the six different ways to love which he called "colors" of love?
He collected statements about love from works of fiction and nonfiction including both ancient and modern authors
Sara is experiencing vaginal burning and rawness along with a sometimes stabbing pain in the vaginal area. Although her gynecologist has been unable to identify a specific cause, what is the most likely diagnosis?
According to the most recent sexuality studies, oral sex among teens has increased. T/F
What is the 18-inch tube that carries sperm away from the testicles and mixes it with other seminal fluids?
What is "passion" according to Sternberg's research?
It is sparked by physical attraction and sexual desire driving a person to pursue a romantic relationship.
There is significant variation across cultures in what characteristics are desired in an ideal mate. T/F
A 21-year old male has just been diagnosed with cancer of the reproductive organs. Given his age, which of these cancers is more likely?
What best describes the labia majora?
Two folds of fatty tissue that extend from the mons veneris to the perineum
Which statement describes typical abstinence-only sexuality education programs?
They promote abstinence and do not commonly present information about anatomy or STIs
In cultures that practice female circumcision, the procedure typically occurs at birth. T/F
What are the three components of attachment measure by Rubin's "Love Scale"?
Needing, caring, trusting
What is the primary function of the fimbriae?
Direct the ova from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes
What percent of high school students commonly report being unsure about their sexual orientation?
According to research, what lovestyles identified by Lee are associated with poorer psychological health?
Manic and ludic
When asked to describe his relationship with his partner, jason says he knew it was love at first sight and that he loves to close his eyes and feel the touch and smell of his lover. According to Lee what is jason's love style?
Erik says "Love is a shopping list you go through life trying to find a partner who has all of the items on your list." According to Lee what is Erik's love style?
What areas have been studied related to loss of love?
What has been found related to birth order and sexual orientation?
Gam men have more older brothers than heterosexual men.
Who is more likely to initiate a divorce?
All of the following statements about labor induction are true EXCEPT:
Based on current research, labor induction is being advised to most women as a way to avoid labor and delivery complications
Which of the following is true about cohabitating couple in the U.S.?
They tend to cohabitate as a prelude to marriage, not as a substitute to it.
All of the following are reasons "dating" on college campuses has declined EXCEPT?
There are more male students than female students.
Similar to many Latin American countries, many Middle Eastern countries do not view the active, penetrating male sexual partner as homosexual.T/F
Which of the following has NOT been linked to cigarette use during pregnancy?
low birth weight
abnormal facial development
Abnormal facial development
The use of fertility drugs increases the likelihood of multiple births. T/F
Research shows that women's sexual identity is more fluid than men's. T/F
By day 28 the embryo _____
Has Gills and a tail
Related to research on sex within marriages, what has been found?
Reports of more frequent sexual behavior is correlated to higher levels of relationship satisfaction.
There is a higher percentage of married men than women who are over 65. T/F
What is the term for the practice of engaging in same-sex sexual behaviors while excluded from heterosexual encounters (such as in prison) with the plan to return to heterosexual relationships?
What position for sexual intercourse do sex therapists often recommend for couples who are experiencing difficulties with early ejaculation or lack of female orgasm?
Woman on top position
To achieve deepest penetration, couples should use the side by side position for intercourse. T/F
What is true about anal intercourse?
Transitioning from anal intercourse to vaginal intercourse without washing the penis or changing the condom increases the risk for vaginal infections.
Transudation is another word for erection.T/F
You campus is required to report all hate crimes thanks to the
Hate Crimes Right to Know Act
What is the term used to describe the assumption that everyone has opposite-sex attraction and will eventually form a long term relationship with a member of the opposite-sex?
According to Storm's developmental theory, there are more gay men than lesbians because the male sex drive emerges earlier than females. T/F
What is the term for the physical caressing of the genitals during solo or partner masterbation?
What change occurs in a woman's breast during sexual arousal?
Nipples may become erect
A pregnant woman begins to feel fetal movement, has more energy and less morning sickness. What stage of pregnancy is she in?
The Second Trimester
According to your text, what can the strong history of protection of heterosexual marriage in the United States be tied to?
What is one criticism of the current theories that attempt to explain sexual orientation?
They ignore bisexuality
What is the primary role of the placenta?
Supply nutrients to the developing fetus.
Aid in respiratory and excretory functions of the fetus.
Secrete hormones necessary for the continuation of the pregnancy.
It is more likely for black females to be in mixed race marriages than black men, while the opposite gender difference is true for asian men and women.T/F
What does the term Transudation refer to?
Lubrication of the vagina
How much does the average full-term baby weigh at birth?
Seven and a half pounds
What best describes the role of sexologists?
Study sexual behavior scientifically
Which theory emphasis the structure of the personality of the unconscious nature of sexuality?
According to evolutionalry theory we enter a sexual relationship to
Pass on our genes
What is characteristic of individistic cultures?
Individuals feel more comfortable disclosing personal information to a variety of people.
John Gottman found that the ratio of positive to negative interaction in a relationship what
Goes down as couples experience more distress
What is one factor that makes women more suseptible then men to urinary tract infections
ovulation typically produces just one egg per cycle, why does ejaculate contain more than one sperm?
Sperm work together to achieve fertilization through combined enzyme production
what hormone is released in response to a baby crying which in return facilitites the release of breast milk
what is the average age of american students first intercourse
What percentage of couples in america live together before marriage
what best describes the role of tetosterone in sexual behavior
Important for both male and female sexual behavior
Compared to the other models of sexual response, David Reeds model is more based on what?
How did kinsey conceptualize sexual orientation
Best understood as a continuum of behavior
in the sambian culture, males practice what?
sequential homosexuality (oral sex)
whats the most likely to cause morning sickness
Increase in estrogen and progesterone
what is the leading cause in breakage in male condoms?
Using condoms after the expiration date
What percentage of new STI in the US involve those in the 15-24 year old range?
What is one of the most serious long term outcomes of chlamydia in women?
Typically are serial offenders with an average of 6 victims
What is the role of alcohol in sexual assault?
Associated with self blame, stigma, and problematic alcohol use in victims post assault
what best describes college students attitudes about rapists or rape victims who have been drinking prior to the rape?
show a double standard;women are viewed as being more responsible, men as less responsible, for whathappened when they were drunk.
What statement best describes catherine MacKinnon arguement about pornography?
pornography is less about sex than power. She argues thatpornography is a discriminatory social practice that institutionalizes the inferiority and subordination of one group by another
Whats the average age for a childs first exposure to online pornography
13 years old
whats the average age of entry into sex work for females in the united states?
The number of cohabitating couples has decreased slightly over the last 10 years. T/F
A higher-than-usual divorce rate occurs among couples who:
Have been divorced or had divorced parents.
Married at a young age.
Had children quickly after marriage
Most married adults report that over time their marital satisfaction and happiness gradually decline. T/F
Exercise is not advised during pregnancy.T/F
What influences our sexual behaviors?
About how long does an ovum live in the female reproductive tract?
How has the frequency of same-sex behavior in the United States changed over the years?
It has remained constant over the years in spite of the changes in the social status of homosexuality.
From the second through eighth weeks of pregnancy, what is the medical term for the developing human?
What is the most frequent sexual technique reported among gay males/
Which vitamin supplement are pregnant women often advised to take?
The conceptualization of homosexuality is consistent across cultures.T/F
Related to the birth process, what does engagement refer to?
When the fetus moves into a "heads down" position in the uterus
The rate of C-section deliveries have been steadily declining over the past 20 years.T/F
The Defense of Marriage Act provides support for equality in marriage rights for all regardless of sexual orientation.T/F
At what point during pregnancy do many women report an increased sex drive?
During the second trimester
Joe and Sharon have been married for 25 years, which of the last 5 they have chosen to no longer engage in sexual behaviors. What kind of marriage is this?
When a couple is experiencing fertility problems, most often the problems can be traced back to:
Problems associated with just one of the partners
Heterosexism is typically a very active form of discrimination.T/F
If a woman is clearly sexually aroused and the clitoris has pulled behind the clitoral hood, what stage of sexual response cycle is she most likely in?
In men, what disorder is classified as a sexual arousal disorder?
Which of the following is safe to use as a lubricant with latex condoms?
An individual was recently raped and finds that they experience fear of being alone, strangers, and even being in their bedroom. What stage of rape trauma is this person likely experiencing?
John Money believed that sexual development can be influenced by childhood sex play. What term did he use to describe the template of the ideal lover and sexual situation people develop based on these patterns of play?
Depo-Provera is a form of progestin injected into the muscle of a woman's arm or buttock that last for 3 month. T/F
What has been found to be the most effective treatment for female orgasmic disorder?
Teaching a woman how to masturbate to orgasm
Which of the following methods are used to treat erectile disorder?
Which of the following may be treated with antibiotics?
What does the term "corrective rape" which often happens in African countries refer to?
Raping a lesbian woman to cure her of her sexual orientation
Athletes on teams that produce revenue tend to have higher rates of sexually abusive behavior than athletes on teams that do not produce revenue. T/F
In the U.S., White women are more likely to use____, while Black and Hispanic women are more likely to use _______.
The Pill, Sterilization
People infected with herpes will have it for the rest of their lives, even though they may not experience any symptoms.T/F
According to studies, a male prisoner's chance of being sexually threatened in prison is:
Less than 20%
What is the typical time it takes for the average person who is HIV-positive and not receiving any type of treatment to develop AIDS?
"Why engage in sexual relations with children?" asked one survey taken of pedophiles. What was the most common response?
Children don't resist
Severe genital itching caused by parasites is common symptom of which STI?
What year was the birth control pill approved as a contraceptive method in the U.S.?
What is the name for the types of illnesses that cause further deterioration of a person with HIV/AIDS?
How many stages does syphilis progress through?
Most bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics.T/F
What is the purpose of the "North American Man-Boy Love Association" (NAMBLA)?
Supports the abolishment of age=of-consent laws
After prosthesis implantation, a man is still able to orgasm, ejaculate, and impregnate. T/F
What chronic illness may affect sexual functioning by making men and women hypersensitive to touch?
According to your text, the reason that aphrodisiacs can be effective is because:
The user believes they will work.
What is something the author of your text suggests including in the conversation with your partner about STI's?
Past sexual behaviors.
The importance of STI testing.
The importance of Honesty.
What term describes a paraphiliac behavior involving recurrent and intense sexual arousal from fantasies or behaviors involving feces?
If a sexual problem is classified as primary, it is more likely to have what type of cause?
Biological or physiological
The Majority of individuals with severe mental illness are asexual.T/F
Where do we find the highest rates of HIV positive in the world?
People who are identified as paraphiliacs tend to have a variety of characteristics that make them a very homogenous group. T/F
What is the different between a total hysterectomy and a radical hysterectomy?
A total hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus and cervix and a radical hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries and surrounding tissues
What is a benefit of natural family planning methods?
They help couples predict fertility.
Women with orgasmic disorders tend to report lower levels of emotional closeness with their partners.T/F
What has been found related to reporting patterns of rape?
Victims of rape are more likely to report the rape if the assailant was a stranger and there was a weapon involved.
What characteristic has been found to put a woman at higher risk for sexual disorders?
Women who have experienced sexual abuse or rape.
Women with conservative values and strict sex-related moral standards.
Women who report feelings of disgust when they think of sex.
An adult has just been found guilty of incest. What can we safely assume?
In the U.S., victims of incest are most likely to be assaulted by:
What term is used to describe a person who becomes sexually aroused primarily from watching others naked or engaging in sex?
If the doctor uses a test that indicates if a man is having nighttime erections, what is he likely checking for?
If the condition is more likely to have a physiological cause vs. a psychological basis
What areas of the world have seen the greatest increase in HIV infections?
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
All of the following statements related to alcoholism and sexuality are true EXCEPT:
It increases testosterone levels which lead to hyper-masculinization
The following statement is descriptive of the contraceptive sponge:
In order to have maximum effectiveness, the sponge should be left in for 6 hours after intercourse
What is suggested in your text as one of the most useful things people who are sexually active can do to prevent STIs?
How do the newer methods of female sterilization (Essure and Adiana) differ from traditional tubal sterilization methods?
Essure and Adiana are nonsurgical methods.
What is common gender difference found related to attitudes about rape?
Men overall are less empathetic toward rape.
Men believe more rape myths and have higher levels of victim blaming.
Men are more likely to expect sex after paying for an expensive date.
Statistically speaking, who is more likely to have an abortion in the U.S.?
Rachel, a 23-year old
What is the method called when the penis is gently stretched and medication to increase blood flow is introduced to the penis?
Higher knowledge levels about HIV/Aids are consistently strong predictors of behavior changes and the practice of safer sex among U.S. college students. T/F
A female born in South Africa has a 50% chance of being raped in her lifetime. T/F
According to research, what condition does many paraphilias have the most in common with?
Want to see the other 216 Flashcards in Psychology 230?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!