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Which of the following events do most historians consider to mark the formal beginning of psychology as a scientific discipline?
Which early approach or “school” of psychology is associated with Wilhelm Wundt's student Edward Titchener?
Your therapist is very interested in your dreams, blocked memories, and slips of the tongue. On which approach to psychology is your therapist probably basing his psychotherapy?
“My goal is to discover how behavior is acquired and modified in response to environmental influences.” Such a statement would most likely be made by:
Who conditioned dogs to reflexively salivate to the sound of a bell rather than food?
Two key figures in the development of humanistic psychology include:
Humanistic psychology emphasized:
Dr.Barongon is a psychotherapist who helps people develop choices and self-direction in striving to reach their fullest potential. Dr. Barongon probably subscribes to the ______ perspective of psychology?
Empirical evidence refers to:
An operational definition is:
the word replicate means to?
A pseudoscience is a:
One potential problem with surveys and questionnaires is that:
people may not report accurate information
A correlation coefficient is:
The research method that is used to demonstrate a cause-and-effect relationship between changes in one variable and the effects on another variable is called:
In an experiment, the independent variable is the variable that is:
In an experiment, the dependent variable is:
Random assignment refers to a procedure that:
The purpose of the control group in an experiment is to:
The purpose of using a double-blind research design is to:
The ethical requirement of informed consent means that:
The branch of psychology that is focused on understanding the internal physical events and processes that correspond with our experiences and behavior is called:
The branch of science that is concerned with the study of the nervous system is called:
Which of the following is TRUE of glial cells?
Forms the myelin sheath
Assist neurons in communicating with each other
Removes waste products from neurons
Besides the neuron, it also the other main type of cell in nervous system
The three basic types of neurons are:
Which part of the neuron receives messages from other neurons?
The primary function of the myelin sheath is to:
The presynaptic neuron and the postsynaptic neuron are separated by a tiny, fluid-filled space called the:
Which of the following best defines a neurotransmitter?
What happens to the neurotransmitters that fail to attach to a receptor site?
Parkinson's disease is caused by the degeneration of neurons that produce:
Miguel jogs about five miles a day. At roughly the three-mile point, Miguel usually experiences a rush of positive feelings due to heavy levels of:
The two main divisions of the nervous system are the ________ and the ___________.
The two main divisions of the nervous system are the Central nervous system and the Peripheral Nervous System.
In combination, the brain and spinal cord make up the:
The autonomic nervous system is composed of two different branches called the ________ and __________ nervous systems.
Theautonomic nervous system is composed of two different branches called the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic nervous systems.
Which represents the largest region of the brain?
The primary communication link between the left and right cerebral hemispheres is called:
The hippo-campus plays a key role in:
Of the following brain structures, which is associated with the emotional responses of fear, disgust, and anger?
Why was the split-brain operation first performed?
The notion of structural plasticity:
In psychology, the term sensation formally refers to:
In contrast to sensation, the term perception is formally defined as the:
The process by which physical energy, such as light, is converted into a coded neural signal that can be transmitted to and interpreted by the brain is called:
The smallest possible stimulus that can be detected half the time, or the minimum level of stimuli that we can detect is called:
The smallest possible difference between two stimuli that can be detected is called the:
According to ___________ , whether we can detect a change in the strength of a stimulus depends upon the intensity of the original stimulus.
Perception that is below the threshold of conscious perception is called:
John puts one toe into the swimming pool and shivers because the water is so cold. He grits his teeth and dives in anyway. After about ten minutes, the temperature of the water seems quite comfortable to him. This example illustrates the principle of:
Rods are used for vision in _______ light, and cones are used for vision in ________ light.
Rods are used for vision in Dark light, and cones are used for vision in Bright light.
Which theory best explains color vision in humans?
The sense of hearing is also known as:
As you walk into your office, you are almost overwhelmed by the strong smell of the cologne with which the copier repairman has doused himself. Because you have studied this chapter, however, you reassure yourself that sensory adaptation will occur and you will become much less aware of the odor in approximately:
The best candidates for hypnosis are people who:
A group of techniques that induce an altered state of focused attention and heightened awareness is a definition of:
Chemical substances that can alter arousal, mood, thinking, sensation, and perception are called:
Taste is to _________ as smell is to ________.
Taste is to gustation as smell is to olfaction.
According to your textbook, factors that can INCREASE the perception of pain include:
You are able to maintain your equilibrium and balance because of the:
The term gestalt means:
The ability to accurately gauge the distance of the coffee cup on your desk as you reach for it is called:
As you walk on the beach, every detail of the rocks, shells, and sand beneath your feet seem crisp and distinct. As you look further down the beach, however, the details of the ground in the distance seem fuzzy and blurred. Because of the depth perception cue of ______________, you perceive the ground beneath your feet to be much closer than the ground that extends into the distance.
Distance cues that involve both eyes are called _________ cues.
Distance cues that require the use of only one eye are called _____ cues.
It was the famous American psychologist named _____ who described consciousness as being like a river or a stream.
The term circadian rhythm refers to:
Circadian rhythms that are drastically out of synchronization with daylight and darkness cues can produce:
If you are like most people, you experience a daily slump in your mental alertness around 3 o'clock each afternoon. This daily fluctuation in mental alertness is an example of:
delta brain wave activity.
According to the activation-synthesis model of dreaming:
As you are reading this question, you are awake and alert. This means that your brain is generating ______ brain waves.
Shortly after going to bed and as you are falling asleep, you experience the vividly realistic sensation that you are falling or tripping forward, which jolts you awake. This vivid sensation is a common example of:
As you are being monitored by sleep researchers, almost all of your brain activity comprises delta brain waves. This is a clear sign that you are in:
According to the adaptive theory of sleep:
The most common sleep complaint among adults is:
Somnambulism is also called:
The term nocturnal enuresis is:
The parasomnias are:
What is sexsomnia?
What is a lucid dream? When you can control your dreams
Who said, “In every dream an instinctual wish has to represented as fulfilled.”
Which of the following best defines hypnosis?
The most widely used psychoactive drug in the world is:
Alcohol is classified as a:
Prolonged use of cocaine can:
cause withdrawal symptoms.
Brandy is fond of attending all-night raves at a dance club near her home. Some of the raves are drug-free, but at one rave she saw a friend who was sweating profusely, chewing ice and a plastic pacifier, drinking large quantities of water, and hugging everyone in reach as he proclaimed his love for all humanity. Brandy suspected that her friend was probably high on _____.
___________ is a type of amphetamine that can be easily manufactured, provides an intense high, and causes a reduction in the brain's dopa mine transporters and receptors.
_____ are highly addictive drugs that suppress appetite, produce euphoria, and reduce fatigue.
Which of the following is NOT classified as a stimulant?
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