Freud theorized that there were five developmental periods (oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital) during which particular kinds of pleasures must be gratified to have personality developed normally.
Stage 1: Oral: overindulgence creates dependence and passivity; underindulgence results in aggressiveness, sadism, and tendency to exploit others. Orally fixated adults might also orient their lives around their mouths
Stage 2: Anal: Fixation or regression leads to either HIGHLY NEAT or HIGHLY MESSY disorder
Stage 3: Phallic: This is the stage where the Oedipus Complex is evident, and kids love their opposite sex parents and feel as if they are competig with them
Stage 4: Latency: This is the stage of sexual dormancy where children supposedly have NO sexual feelings at all.
Stage 5: Genital: Unsuccessful outcomes at the stage may result into sexual relationships based only on LUST.
Erikson's 6 Psychosocial Stages
1) Trust v. Mistrust: Infants learn to trust or mistrust their caregivers based on whether their needs (like food and water) are met
2) Autonomy v. Shame: Toddlers assert their independence and if they don't, they experience shame and doubt
3) Intiative v. Guilt: Preschoolers initiate activities and have a sense of social responsibility; if not they feel guilty
4) Industry vs. Inferiority: Succeed in learning and utilizing new skills (industry) develop a sense of pride and competence; those who feel to develop such skills feel inadequate and unproductive
5) Indentity vs. Role Confusion: Adolescents develop a role, if they don't role confusion and apathy
6) Intimacy vs. Isolation: Young adults develop lasting relationships, if they don't they feel isolated and don't develop relationships
7) Generativity and Stagnation: the challenge for middle aged adults to be nurturant of the younger generation; if they're not, it leads to self indulgence
8) Ego integrity vs. Despair: People who have fulfilling lives have ego integrity, those who don't have despair
Drugs that act on the brain and other parts of the nervous system to decrease bodily processes and overall responsiveness.
Whereas depressants lower CNS (Central Nervous System Activity) Stimulants increase overall activity and responsiveness. Stimulant drugs produce excitement and alertness, elevated mood, and decreased fatigue... examples of this are NICOTINE and COCAINE
Is also a stimulant, but known for its relaxing capabilities, alertness, reduced pain and appetite.)
Cocaine is a powerful nervous system stimulant that causes exhiliration, euphoria, high physical and mental energy, reduced appetite, perceptions of power, and sociability. Although cocaine is capable of PRODUCING these effects, it is also an agonist drug that blocks the reuptake of dopamine.
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