Last Modified: 2011-07-12
Ex: bells and beeps could both be similar enough to cause the salivation
Ex: dog may salivate to high pitched noises but not low pitched noises like a drum
grandmother - NS. wears perfume. you smell perfume elsewhere and think of her. you feel good.
Thorndike’s cat puzzle box: cat in box, hit a thing and it opened. Took him less time each time.
- Ex: money given to reward
chores removed to reward
spanking, a curfew, extra chores
car taken away
Ex: your personal cell phone ring-tone, cat sees wiggling fingers and
knows they will be pet.
-having this type provides evidence that we reconstruct memories
(eat veggies, get ice cream)
coffee =A+, lucky cap = best time
basic survival needs
chips, stars, points, money
principles, that relies on the careful measurement of behavior before & after
2. Response depends on what stimulus means to it
a. may prove to be the neural basis for how we learn from watching other
b. may play a major role in empathy
a. Info from senses
b. Info is often held < 1s (up to a few seconds)
c. May be attended to and processed in STM or LTM (or disappear)
Eidetic imagery: “photographic memory”
span (7+/-2) letters, words, #s
to, or actively processing
-makes them more meaningful to you
(sugar, sweet, candy, zebra, soda, chocolate)
-What did you eat for breakfast this morning?
-What do you call a baby cow?
-How do you ride a bicycle?
Where did you go on vacation? -Taking a quiz
Re-reading the chapter; doing the puzzle fast the second time
- Ex: think of a route you know – and relate words to things on the path
distributed = better
-Can’t form new memories
"Look Lisa, snow."
(hatred is a combo of disgust and anger)
Avoidance-Avoidance Conflicts – Must pick 1 of 2 undesirable alternatives
Approach-Avoidance Conflicts – An event/activity that has +’s and –’s
ex. Annoying “friend” asks you to go to movie you really want to see.
Multiple Approach-Avoidance Conflicts – 2+ alternatives; each have +’s and –’s
(pros and cons list)
ii. Safety: security and safety
iii. Belongingness: relationships and friends
iv. Esteem: prestige and feelings of accomplishment
v. Self-actualization: achieving one’s full potential
i. Ghrelin: increases hunger
ii. Cholecystokinin (CCK): decreases hunger
iii. Leptin: affects long-term regulation of fat stores
-when insulin/leptin decreases = hunger increases
-when insulin/leptin increases = hunger decreases
- Nuclei of the hypothalamus when stimulated:
- lateral: tells person to eat now!!
- ventromedial: tells person to stop eating!!
a. Obese people tend to eat past being full
b. New research suggests that oversensitivity to external cues is likely a consequence rather than a cause
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