It can be tracedto the city of Mecca, Arabia, where the word God was revealed to the prophet Muhammed in the early 600s A.D.
What are the Shari’a and what does the term mean?
The laws of Islam, and it means “the path to follow”
What are the two primary and two secondary sources of Islamic law?
Qur’an: Muslim holy book
Sunnah: Customs sanctioned by Muhammad
Consensus: Agreement among members of the Muslim community Analogical Reasoning: Applying existing rules to a new situation that is similar to an existing situation
Under Islamic law who can be considered a victim?
Only God and the individual
What are the three categories of crime under Islamic law?
Hudad; offenses against God and the public good. Qur’an
Quesas; offenses against individuals, either resulting in death or in serious physical harm. Qur’an and Sunnah
Ta’zir; offenses that harm society or individuals but for which the punishments are not specified in the Qur’an or Sunnah. Religious authorities decide these offenses and a judge decides their corresponding punishments
What offenses are considered Hudud offenses?
Those for which the offense and the penalty are explicitly defined in the Qur’an