Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR consists of
For Freud, material that we are not currently aware of but that can be easily recalled is in the ________ mind.
An assessment in which a numerical value is assigned to specific behavior(s) that is/are listed on the assessment is called a ________.
Jessie becomes furious when her favorite hockey player is intentionally hurt by an opponent.
According to Freud's model of the mind, her id would unconsciously say ________.
What did Raymond Cattell call the underlying traits that direct surface traits?
Which of the following choices describes the cultural personality of the United States, according to Hofstede's dimensions of cultural personality?
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development between 7 and 11 years of age, in which an individual becomes capable of logical thought processes but is not yet capable of abstract thinking, is the ________ stage.
Hector is 70 years old and has just retired from a career as a lawyer. He is now spending time looking back on his life and is recognizing, as well as coming to terms with, mistakes, regrets, and unfinished business. Hector is engaging in a process called ________.
Luke is diagnosed with a somatoform disorder. His therapist believes that his disorder is reinforced by his family, his doctors, and by his ability to avoid stressful situations that are associated with his disorder. Luke's therapist is probably a ________.
While taking the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Vince notices that it contains certain questions that are asked several times in different ways. He asks his daughter, who is a graduate student in psychology, why that is. What is his daughter likely to say?
Some items are used to determine if test takers are trying to "fake" the test by not reading.
Between the ages of 5 and 12, children strive to develop a sense of competence arising from their work and effort. Erikson refers to this stage of life as ________.
industry versus inferiority
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) seems to be related to ________.
high levels of melatonin
The unique and relatively stable ways in which each individual thinks, acts, and feels is called ________.
Adoption studies focusing on the heritability of traits have ________.
Arlene has an irrational fear of flying in airplanes. She is probably suffering from a ________.
Disorders such as TKS, susto, and amok are considered ________.
In Freud's theory, the id is to fun as the superego is to ________.
Which is the correct order of development of Six Motor Milestones, according to research?
raising head and chest, rolling over, sitting up with support, sitting up without support, crawling, walking
A person who is suffering from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations, and who is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality, is likely suffering from ________.
Each day, while Sid is sitting at his desk at work, he continually thinks about germs. Each time this occurs, he washes his hands. Sid probably suffers from ________.
Research on differences in male and female brain activity has found that ________,
none of the above
What of the following is the most commonly diagnosed psychological disorder in the United States?
Which of the following culture-bound disorders is most commonly seen in Latin America?
From what Latin phrase is the term superego derived?
"over the self"
After being passed up for a promotion and then getting into a heated argument with his son, a man disappears. He shows up two weeks later in another town with no memory of who he is or how he got there. He appears to be suffering from ________.
Which model of abnormality explains abnormal behavior as the result of a set of learned responses?
Mei is Chinese American. She is very loyal to her family. Her sister lives with her, and she mails money back to China to her father and younger brother. Mei's way of life is typical of someone who comes from a culture that is ________.
In any given year, about ________ percent of adults over the age of 18 suffer from a mental disorder.
John has made a career of stealing older people's retirement money by taking advantage of their trust and selling them phony retirement investments. John explains that he has done nothing wrong if these people were not so greedy, they would not be so eager to invest in his phony schemes. In his mind, his victims got exactly what they deserved. John's behavior and attitude are typical of someone with ________ personality disorder.
Which of the following is a main disadvantage of the cross-sectional design?
Individuals of different ages are being compared to one another.
When assessing personality, many psychologists take the eclectic view, which means they ________.
use a variety of approaches
The age at which a baby was weaned would have most impact on the ________ stage.
How many pairs of chromosomes are in each cell of the human body?
Which of the following is the correct order of Piaget's stages of cognitive development?
sensorimotor; preoperational; concrete operations; formal operations
Megan just turned 32. She is keenly aware of biological changes that occur as she gets older. What's more, she measures the sensitivity of her senses and other physical characteristics by using sophisticated testing equipment. In which of the following areas is she likely to find some decline?
vision and hearing
Manny has such an intense fear of flying insects that he hardly ever goes outside his house during the summer months. He is probably suffering from a ________.
The primary feature of ________ schizophrenia is severe disturbance of motor behavior.
The period of life from about age 13 to the early twenties, during which a young person is no
longer physically a child but is not yet an independent, self-supporting adult, is called ________.
"If it feels good, do it" best describes the ________.
Which neurotransmitters are most important in the development of mood disorders?
dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine
In the metaphor of the angel, the devil, and me, the angel is the ________.
oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
There were three friends. Maybe you've heard of them! Harry was rational, logical, and cunning. Hermione was rule-oriented, moral, and always ethical. Ron was pleasure-seeking, found it hard to delay gratification, and usually just did what he wanted. According to Freud, Harry was mostly ________.
While each panic attack is different, the average duration of a panic attack is approximately how long?
The neo-Freudian, Carl Jung, suggested the existence of a collective unconscious that contains images shared by all people called ________.
Dave's wife suggests that he talk to a doctor because of his inability to cope with criticism. The doctor suggests that Dave's problem represents the expression of a repressed, unresolved, internal conflict buried in his unconscious mind that has its roots in Dave's childhood. This view is typical of the ________ model of abnormality.
Which term was given to psychoanalysts who broke away from strict interpretation of Freud's theory and developed theories of their own that were based upon Freud's work?
Which of the following statements is a claim often made by critics of projective testing?
The interpretation of projective tests is too subjective.
Which of the following statements is true about the DSM-IV-TR?
It describes symptoms and includes a checklist of specific criteria for diagnosis.
Which theory of personality was a direct reaction against the psychoanalytic and behaviorist perspectives?
Delusions of ________ are false beliefs held by a person who is convinced that others are trying to hurt them in some way.
Which model of abnormality holds that physical, mental, and cultural factors are intertwined and that they must all be considered when dealing with psychology disorders?
According to research, infant girls who were exposed to androgens were found to be more likely to ________.
be "tomboys" during their childhood but grew up to be more "typically female" in adulthood and had a desire for marriage and motherhood.
The psychodynamic model holds that abnormal behavior is the result of ________.
Which assessment technique requires people to respond to unstructured or ambiguous stimuli?
Freud believed that the ________ was the most important determining factor in human behavior and personality.
What is Freud's term for the unconscious efforts by the ego to deny or distort reality for the purpose of protecting itself when conflict becomes too intense?
There were three friends. Maybe you've heard of them! Harry was rational, logical, and cunning. Hermione was rule-oriented, moral, and always ethical. Ron was pleasure-seeking, found it hard to delay gratification, and usually just did what he wanted. According to Freud, Ron was mostly ________.
Which of the following is a disadvantage of the longitudinal design?
Participants may drop out due to moving, loss of interest, or death.
A team of investigators has found that persons suffering from dissociative identity disorder show significant differences in ________ when different personalities are present.
brain wave activity
Leo worries all of the time. He worries about his money, his children, and his dog. His muscles are always tense and sore, he has trouble sleeping, is often irritable, and has difficulty concentrating. Leo's symptoms sound most like ________.
Which of the following theories sees aging as a process whereby cells are assumed to have a limitation on the number of times they can reproduce to repair damage?
Rod-shaped structures in the cell nucleus that contain genes are referred to as ________.
What is the main difference between generalized anxiety disorder and phobic disorder?
Generalized anxiety disorder is linked to a specific trigger, while phobic disorder is not linked to a specific trigger.
A culture's expectation of masculine and feminine behaviors can be defined as ________.
Severe depression that comes on suddenly and seems to have no external cause is called ________.
The scientific study of the changes that occur in people as they age from conception to death is called ________.
Which of these physical skills typically develops LAST?
In which type of society is a new mother most likely to experience the symptoms of postpartum psychosis?
Sailor has decreased levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in his prefrontal cortex. Which disorder might he be at risk of experiencing?
Free-floating anxiety refers to anxiety that is ________.
unrelated to any realistic, known source
Erik Erikson saw the major challenge of middle adulthood as that of ________.
generativity versus stagnation
The primary purpose of the DSM-IV-TR is to ________.
help psychological professionals diagnose psychological disorders
False beliefs held by a person who refuses to accept evidence of their falseness are known as ________.
In Freud's personality theory, the ________ are in conflict and the ________ must mediate between them.
id and superego; ego
Infants typically begin to make vowel-like sounds at around the age of ________.
to obtain gratification without negative consequences
Which of the following illustrates Vygotsky's concept of scaffolding?
A teacher works one-on-one with a student and then begins to withdraw help as the student becomes more skilled.
What did Freud (the psychodynamic view) believe about somatoform disorders?
They are caused by the repression of traumatic events or unacceptable impulses into physical symptoms.
Which percent of children will exhibit symptoms of ADHD in adulthood?
In which psychosexual stage do sexual interests reawaken and become stronger?
One of the dangers of taking online personality tests is ________.
there is no face-to-face contact to help put the results in perspective
Which of Jean Piaget's stages of cognitive development is characterized by abstract thinking and the creation of theories?
An anxiety disorder characterized by frequent panic attacks that affect the person's ability to function in day-to-day living is called ________.
generalized anxiety disorder
An anxiety disorder that involves a fear of interacting with others or being in a social situation is called ________.
a social phobia
Eve seeks treatment to learn how to relax. When her therapist hypnotizes her, her voice changes and someone claiming her name is "Joan" begins to speak. During therapy, 23 separate entities, each with its own name, personal style, and memories emerge. Eve appears to be suffering from ________ disorder.
According to Freud and his followers, what is the most significant event that occurs during the anal stage of psychosexual development?
The child is toilet trained.
Probably the biggest problem with personality assessments by behaviorists is the ________.
When Bob noticed a pain in his thigh, he was convinced it was a sign of bone cancer. Although X-rays revealed no sign of cancer, Bob sought the opinions of a dozen other physicians who agreed with the original opinion. What psychological disorder might Bob's behavior indicate?
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!