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Which red meat animal species has the lowest average dressing percent?
Triglycerides are composed of what two components?
Glycerol and (Free) Fatty Acids
What is a point or step in a process where control can be applied to prevent, eliminate, or reduce a hazard?
Critical Control Point
What is the term given to the $1 per head assessed during the sale of domestic and imported cattle to fund marketing and research programs?
What is the scientific name of the muscle from which Canadian Bacon is manufactured?
What approximate chronological age is a C-maturity beef carcass?
42 – 72 months
What is the term given to inspection of animals prior to slaughter?
What are popular canned sausages, similar to frankfurters, although more bland in flavor and smaller?
What general name is given to bacteria that cause diseases?
What syndrome in swine leads to increased susceptibility to PSE lean?
Porcine Stress Syndrome
What beef hide defect costs the industry millions of dollars, but is a law in some states?
Which muscle type is non-striated?
Which muscle protein must bind calcium for muscle contraction?
What is the U.S. Grade of a pork carcass with a thin muscle score and 0.5” last rib backfat with acceptable quality characteristics and belly thickness?
U.S. No. 2
What is the time between ribbing and grading of beef carcasses called that allows oxygenation of the ribeye pigments?
What is the common name of the microbial product that is added to lower pH in a timely fashion during manufacture of fermented sausages?
What is frozen pork more susceptible to than frozen beef or lamb because pork fat has a higher proportion of unsaturated fatty acids?
What is a finely-comminuted dispersion of lean and fat particles into a two-phase system that consists of dispersed and continuous phases?
What is the connective tissue membrane surrounding a muscle bundle?
What color is the horse meat inspection stamp ink?
As animals age, cartilaginous ends of vertebrae __________.
What is extracted from certain species of red seaweed and used as a thickening, gelling, stabilizing, and protein-suspending agent?
What year was the first intercollegiate meat judging contest held?
What is the quantity of heat that is necessary to raise the temperature of 1 g of water from 15 to 16oC?
What act of 1921 provided uniform rates and practices and prevented unfair, unjustly discriminatory, or deceptive practices of marketing livestock?
Packers and Stockyards
What was the live weight of a lamb with a carcass weight of 60 lb and a dressing percentage of 50.0?
What is defined as ingestion of pathogenic organisms that grow and cause illness in the host?
What condition results during thawing of muscle that was frozen prerigor?
What national organization funded by membership dues and checkoff dollars represents cattle producers?
National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA)
What two beef wholesale cuts yield “Middle Meats”?
Rib and Loin
Who is the executive director of AMSA?
Which artery is used when a ham is artery pumped?
How many ribs are in a beef forequarter?
What viral disease in cloven- hoofed animals causes fluid-filled blisters on their mouth, tongue, teats, muzzle, and skin between their hooves?
Hoof (Foot) and Mouth Disease
What is the term given to the contents of the GI tract at the time of slaughter and affects dressing percentage more than most other factors?
What is the only meat wholesale cut traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange?
Which country banned U.S. poultry imports in March of 2002?
What is the embryonic development of muscle tissues?
What is the only meat cut rich in Vitamin A?
Potentially hazardous foods have a pH above what value?
What muscle hypertrophy condition in sheep, which develops approximately 3 weeks after birth, means “Beautiful Buttocks”?
What is a mathematical technique for determining the best use of available resources when these resources can be used in other products?
Least Cost Formulation
What are “Chitterlings” made from?
What month is designated as National Meat Month?
What is the USDA Yield Grade (to the nearest tenth) of a beef carcass with the following characteristics:
HCW = 600PYG = 3.0
REA = 11.0KPH = 3.5%
According to the Beef Steak Color Guide, what end-point cooking temperature (oF) is associated with medium rare degree of doneness?
Which breed of swine often is associated with the Napole gene that can influence pork quality?
What is the minimum recommended doneness (oF) for a whole chicken?
Which genus of bacteria often associated with ready-to-eat foods, hot dogs or luncheon meats, can cause flu-like symptoms in healthy adults and abortions in pregnant women?
What are descriptions of routine tasks in a food processing operation?
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
What is the ultimate source of energy for muscle contraction?
ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
What is the USDA Yield Grade (to the nearest 0.1) of this steer:
HCW = 800Adj. PYG = 3.0
KPH = 2.5%REA = 14.2
Where is AMSA’s headquarters?
What is depleted from muscle before slaughter to produce “dark cutting beef?”
What is a batter-like meat product produced by forcing bones with attached edible meat under high pressure through a sieve or similar device to separate the bone from the edible meat tissue?
Mechanically Separated (Deboned) Meat
What vitamin, when fed to cattle, has increased retail case-life of fresh beef?
BHA, BHT, and propyl gallate are used in processed meats what?
What is the cooking loss percentage of a roast that had a raw weight of 20 lbs and a cooked weight of 15 lbs?
What is an illness caused by ingestion of toxins?
Intoxication (Food Poisoning)
What causes wrinkled casings of beef sticks?
Stuffed too loosely
What is inserted into the ear of feedlot cattle to increase growth and feed efficiency?
What are beef or lamb carcasses with a thin layer of fat covering that are chilled rapidly susceptible to?
What enzyme inhibits calpains during the cooler aging process?
What is the IMPS series for Fresh Lamb (standardized cuts)?
What temperature (oF) should water in sterilizers at meat processing facilities be kept?
What is the largest national trade association representing the meat packing and processing industry?
American Meat Institute (AMI)
What is the term used for the weight animals lose while being hauled and held off feed before slaughter?
What is a brine of salt, water, and sugar cure?
What pigment results when fresh meat (oxymyglobin) is oxidized?
What study was conducted in 1991, 1995, and 2000 to establish baselines for beef quality shortfalls and identify targets for desired quality levels?
National Beef Quality Audit
What talk show host was sued by cattle producers because of an episode aired in April 1996 about “Mad Cow Disease?”
What is a high-quality fat lining the abdominal wall of pork carcasses?
What company produces SPAM® and Cure81® Hams?
What act of 1967 specifies that all states must have an inspection system “equal to” that of the federal meat inspection system?
Typically, what color is the fat of cow carcasses that have not been grain fed?
What organ converts lactic acid to glucose?
What region of the protein molecule is attracted by fat in a sausage batter?
What tropical plant produces bromelin, a meat tenderization enzyme?
What are gram-negative, non- spore-forming rods that ferment lactose to acid and gas in 48 h at 37oC?
What act of 1999 requires timely reporting of livestock market data?
Livestock Mandatory Reporting
What microbiological test provides a general estimate of live, aerobic bacteria?
Aerobic Plate Count (APC) or Total
Which act established Land Grant Universities in 1862?
What is the common name for the pelt removal process during sheep slaughter?
What is the USDA quality grade (to the nearest one-third of a grade) of a beef carcass with A80 lean maturity, D80 skeletal maturity, and Small50 marbling?
USDA High Utility
What does FSIS recommend as the minimum degree of doneness (oF) for ground beef?
In what city was the first meat judging contest held?
Quality assurance employees in beef packing plants routinely perform AQL tests. What compound term does the acronym AQL represent?
Acceptable Quality Levels
What two myofibrillar proteins form cross-bridges during muscle contraction?
Actin and Myosin
What company produces and markets Sterling Silver Beef and Pork® and Cattleman’s Collection Beef®?
Meat from which sex class of cattle typically has the most bind?
What type of oxygen impermeable packaging is typically used in red meat fabrication facilities?
What bacterium (genus & species) is yellow in color and found on the skin and hair of animal and man?
What is a person called who buys and sells futures contracts but has no role in the production of those commodities?
What is the leading U.S. beef export item?
What sausage manufacturing process involves grinding and mixing meat ingredients with cure to permit protein solubilization and chemical analyses before final mixing in sausage manufacture?
Which university offered the first college “meats” course in 1893?
University of Minnesota
What is the most abundant component of skeletal muscle?
What is a general term applied to any ingredient added to improve or modify flavor in processed meat products?
What is the most abundant cytoskeletal protein in muscle?
What is defined as the ability of meat to retain its water during application of external forces such as cutting, heating, grinding, or pressing?
Water Holding Capacity
Which red meat species has the most similar dressing percentages to broilers?
The extraction technique used by the meat industry to remove fats from most by-products that have no better market potential is called what?
To standardize the names of retail cuts, the meat industry has adopted a common list of names called what?
Uniform Retail Meat Identity Standards (URMIS)
What is defined as any substance or agent present in food in an amount that renders the food unacceptable or potentially harmful to consumers?
Contaminant or Adulterant
The beef rib and chuck are correctly separated between which two ribs?
5th and 6th
Typical mutton carcasses always have _______ joints on their front shanks.
What is the condition caused by loss of moisture from the frozen surface of meat?
What is an infection that can be caused by eating undercooked pork from swine fed raw garbage?
What slaughter type is performed according to prescribed rabbinical procedures, under supervision of authorized representatives of the Jewish faith?
Who conducts the voluntary seafood inspection program on a fee-for-service basis?
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
What is the most commonly used proteolytic enzyme, an extract from the papaya plant?
What is the process of placing meat products into casings?
What is an increase in size resulting from the multiplication or production of new cells?
What are the U.S. Consumer Grades for poultry carcasses?
A, B, and C
The per capita U. S. consumption of which kind of meat has decreased the most since 1985?
What is the time necessary at a given temperature to sterilize a suspension of bacteria and their spores (if they form spores)?
Thermal Death Time
Steer and barrow carcasses, unlike heifer and gilt carcasses, have what adjacent to the posterior end of the aitch bone?
In what U.S. city was the first meat packing plant started in 1818?
What are large fat particles that coalesce at the ends of sausages during heating?
What is the food poisoning resulting from ingestion of a toxin (produced from an anaerobic, spore-forming, gas-forming bacterium) that affects the central nervous system of its victims?
The lamb shoulder is correctly separated from the lamb rack between what ribs?
4th and 5th
A beef carcass had a cold carcass weight of 784 lbs and a hot carcass weight of 800, what is the percentage cooler shrink?
What is the shape of the federal inspection stamp for exotic meat?
Fresh smoked Kielbasa originated in what country?
What is the world’s oldest and most common form of food preservation?
List one of the three safe methods to defrost food.
Refrigerator, Cold Water, or Microwave
What are the 3 basic meat curing ingredients?
What seafood has the highest per capita consumption in the United States?
What food stuff is in shortest supply in world?
What are the only kind of uncooked hams of commercial significance produced in the United States?
What is the “Ideal” pork color described in the Pork Quality Standards?
What is the state of muscle when permanent cross-bridges form and prevent sliding of filaments, so that the muscle becomes inextensible?
Who was the first winner of the R. C. Pollock Award and the first president of AMSA?
What is a technique used to inject pickle simultaneously and automatically through a series of hollow needles, the shafts of which have numerous evenly- spaced holes along their lengths?
What year was the Federal Meat Grading Service established?
Soy protein isolates have at least what percent protein?
What is the USDA Quality Grade of a lamb carcass with Pr- conformation and Ch- quality?
The USDA-FSIS requires that the internal muscle temperature of poultry be decreased to what temperature (oC) or lower within 8 hours of slaughter?
What innovation in beef marketing did IBP perfect in 1967 that dramatically changed the beef industry?
Which company first utilized HACCP to ensure food safety in response to requirements imposed by NASA for “space foods”?
What substance is formed when collagen is heated in the presence of moisture?
What is caused by the iron- catalyzed oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids and becomes more noticeable when refrigerated, precooked, uncured meats are reheated?
What breed of cattle produces the most beef in the United States?
What is the minimum marbling requirement for an “A” maturity beef carcass to grade USDA Select?
Which organization is responsible for the collection, distribution, and program accountability of the pork checkoff?
What type of cholesterol is known as “Bad” cholesterol?
What meat processing procedure is used to obtain pork with high pH and high water holding capacity?
When counting bacterial colonies, the acronym TNTC stands for what?
Who was the first person to claim that electricity made meat “uncommonly” tender?
Under aerobic conditions, pyruvate from glycolysis goes to what cycle in the mitochondria?
What tendon is used when beef carcasses are hung on the rail?
Between which two ribs should a pork carcass be ribbed to measure loineye area?
10th and 11th
What is the pigment form that gives cured meat its typical pink color?
Substances that inhibit microbial activity are called what?
What is the common name of a spinous process of a vertebra?
What inorganic compound, found in red meat, is needed for hemoglobin production?
What is the leading spice used in the U.S. meat industry?
What year were the Official United States Standards for Grades of Carcass Beef promulgated?
What proteolytic enzymes are located in lysosomes?
What term is given to the organs of the thoracic cavity which include the heart, lungs, and trachea?
Where was the American Meat Science Association established?
Which country imports the most US beef?
What are yield grades used to estimate?
What are the 4 major fat depots in a steer?
Backfat, Seam Fat, Marbling, KPH
What is the second most popular sausage in the U.S.?
What substance is used in meat curing to counteract the harsh flavor of salt?
An increase in cell size is termed what?
What bacterium (genus & species), typically found on raw chicken, is the leading cause of bacterial diarrhea in the United States?
In Japan, what fish is an expensive delicacy and extremely toxic?
What vertebra is found in a T-Bone steak?
Name the two researchers who developed the most widely used and accepted machine to measure meat tenderness?
(Ken) Warner & (Lyman) Bratzler
Approximately, how many broilers are slaughtered in the US per year?
How many ribs are in an acceptable IMPS 204, Lamb Rib Rack?
Over 90% of lamb carcasses graded in the United States are which USDA Quality Grade?
What is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy that has been identified in free- ranging and captive mule deer, white tailed deer, and elk?
Chronic Wasting Disease
What is characterized by extensive fat infiltration into muscle fibers, often caused by denervation of muscles?
What year was the American Meat Science Association established?
What percentage of KPH would result in no adjustment being made to the USDA Yield Grade of a beef carcass?
Most bacteria require a relative humidity in excess of what % to grow?
What country is the largest producer and consumer of ducks?
What is the incorporation of organic or inorganic compounds into the properly prepared hide or skin collagenous structure to produce a stable, flexible, sheet material called leather?
What USDA Quality Grade is designated for steer and heifer carcasses, but not cow carcasses?
What are the 4 most abundant chemical elements in an animal’s body?
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, & Nitrogen
What protein exhibits little or no emulsifying properties due to its unique triple-helical structure, which is extremely stable and not readily solubilized?
What do you call a young, tender chicken about 7 weeks old with a dressed weight of 21⁄2 to 41⁄2 pounds?
What is the base USDA Quality and Yield Grade of most beef carcass pricing grids?
What is a savory, usually acidic, sauce in which meat is soaked to enrich its flavor or to tenderize it?
What is the nonprotein portion of myoglobin?
If capillary breakage occurs in fat, the condition is commonly referred to as what?
Fish fats are more what than the fats of either red or fowl meats, resulting in more rapid oxidation?
What city became immortalized as “hog butcher of the world” by poet Carl Sandburg?
Which U.S. retailer is the leader in case-ready meat volume?
What is the flavor enhancer manufactured from glutamic acid?
What is the second most predominant fatty acid in beef and pork?
What is the only known chemical substance that can be added to meat that prevents botulism?
Which U.S. President signed the Wholesome Meat Act into law?
Stuffing frankfurters too tightly could cause what defect?
What packaging method involves adding a head space gas to prolong the shelf life of the product?
Modified Atmosphere Packaging
What is an unsexed male chicken usually under 8 months of age?
What are unbranded hides commonly called?
Who were the 3 largest packers in the 1860’s?
Armour, Swift, and Morris
What is the proper location to measure fat thickness of a beef carcass?
3⁄4 distance opposite the ribeye
What is the most important (factor) step in improving palatability of meat products?
What is the one principal reason that so much chicken is consumed?
What words does the acronym VPP represent in meat processing?
Vegetable Protein Product
What relies on abrasion of meat against meat or meat against stainless steel rotating paddles to accomplish diffusion and binding of curing ingredients with meat?
What company marketed bologna based on the song beginning with the lyrics: My bologna has a first name, it’s ...?
The hump of Bos indicus cattle contains which enlarged muscle?
What is the scientific name of the beef tri-tip muscle?
Tensor fasciae latae
What equals the vapor pressure of the solution divided by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent (water)?
Tests for which two bacteria must be conducted under the Final Rule on Pathogen Reduction and HACCP?
Generic E. coli and Salmonella
What are fresh hams are commonly called by the packing industry?
What single kind of restructured meats represents the most volume and value and involves binding meat pieces into a single piece?
What has been replaced by cattle hides as a covering for footballs?
Which country has the highest per capita consumption of beef?
Potassium sorbate can be applied to sausage casings before or after stuffing to retard what?
What are the 3 USDA Quality Grades of rabbits?
In 1989, the pork industry began a national eradication program for what virus, which is nearing completion?
What is accomplished by passing steaks or boneless sub- primals through a bank of needles or through a steak mascerator?
What is the top broiler producing company in the United States?
What country is the leading importer of Canadian pork?
What is the average dressing percentage of a male broiler?
From what language was the word “sausage” derived?
What spice from the dried leaves of an herb in the mint family gives pork sausage its typical flavor?
What is glucose stored as in the liver and in skeletal muscle?
The first alteration observed in ultrastructural integrity of postmortem muscle fibers is degradation of what?
In the food service industry, the acronym HRI stands for what?
Hotel, Restaurant, Institution
What are the two principal sources of juiciness in meat, as detected by consumers?
Water and Intramuscular Fat (Marbling)
Excessive amounts of nitrite in cures may cause a greening of cured meat pigment called what?
A steer was sold on the rail. Its 700-lb carcass graded USDA Choice, YG 5. The base price for Choice YG 3 steers was $130/cwt with a $30/cwt discount for YG 5. How much money did the producer receive for the steer?
What is the disease found in humans that is similar to BSE?
Aerobic plate counts are reported as CFU/g or mL. What does the acronym CFU stand for?
Colony Forming Unit
The tongue is divided into 4 general regions of taste. What taste is detected on the tip of the tongue?
The single most important phase of a sterile canning operation is what?
What is a cornmeal-based suspension of head meat and/or pork sausage originating from the Pennsylvania Dutch?
Which university will host the 2004 RMC?
Tissues or ingredients that have a binding index lower than 50 are called what?
What is defined as chopped fresh and/or frozen beef, with or without added beef fat and/or seasonings? It shall not contain more than 30% fat, and shall not contain added water, binders, or extenders.
What sausage probably is produced in the greatest amount in the world? In some regions, the green pistachio nut is a traditional ingredient.
Who is the most well known scientists for developing livestock handling facilities and studying animal behavior?
What act established the Cooperative Agricultural Extension Service?
Emulsifying proteins are called what because of their ability to harden during the cooking cycle?
What bacteria (genus & species) is the leading cause of food poisoning in Japan and is almost exclusively contracted from seafood?
Withholding feed 12 to 24 hours prior to slaughter results in greater ease of what?
In June 2002, a U.S. District Court judge in South Dakota ruled what unconstitutional and ordered collection stopped by July 15, 2002?
Which country produces the most meat in the world?
What does the acronym PETA stand for when referring to animal activist organizations?
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
When what is too high, moisture condenses on meat; if too low, moisture is lost to the atmosphere?
Where is most calcium stored in relaxed skeletal muscle?
FSIS allows poultry carcasses and parts to pick up water during chilling. How much weight gain does FSIS allow in red meat carcasses?
What is the IMPS series for Fresh Veal and Calf (standardized cuts)?
What is the typical length of a sarcomere in resting mammalian muscle?
What joint is cut to remove the head of a pork carcass?
What invention shortly after the Civil War enabled slaughter operations to be located near points of production instead of near points of consumption?
Refrigerated Railroad Car
What amino acids are those that cannot be synthesized by the body in amounts sufficient to meet its requirements?
What causes “muddy” smoked color in processed meat products?
Smokehouse too cold
Which fatty acid is most prevalent in beef, pork, and lamb?
Which arteries and veins are severed when cattle and swine are properly stuck?
Carotid arteries and Jugular veins
What multicellular microorganisms are characterized by their mycelial morphology, display a variety of colors, and are generally recognized by their fuzzy appearance?
What meat packaging innovation, involving meat cuts being shipped directly to the retailer for display, has improved merchandizing, quality, and food safety?
What did one cow in Canada test positive for that caused the US Secretary of Agriculture to prohibit import of ruminants or ruminant products from Canada in May?
What are the 3 factors used to determine the USDA Quality Grade of a lamb carcass?
Maturity, Conformation, Flank Streakings
What USDA beef carcass grade includes only those carcasses that are inferior to the minimum requirements specified for the Cutter grade?
What describes the intensity of a fundamental color with respect to the amount of white light that is mixed with it?
What is the rehandling or repacking of meat during the pickling period to permit a more uniform distribution of pickle?
How many ounces are considered a serving of cooked meat?
What is the average dressing percentage of steers?
62% (60 – 65%)
Which tendon connects the Gastrocnemius to the fibular tarsal bone?
What are the 4 methods of heat transfer?
Conduction, Convection, Radiation, Microwave
What commonly-used procedure to determine fat content involves placing a previously-dried meat sample in organic solvent and heating it for several hours?
The checkoff program for which red meat species was established by the USDA on April 11, 2002?
What is a small, intracellular protozoan parasite that reproduces only in a cat’s intestine?
What are the 5 USDA Quality Grades of ovine carcasses?
Prime, Choice, Good, Utility & Cull
What causes gelatin pockets in bologna?
Too much connective tissue
Who is the Research Leader of the Meats Research Unit at the Roman L. Hruska Meat Animal Research Center in Clay Center, NE?
Dr. Mohammad Koohmaraie
It has been reported that ______ Airport sells the most hot dogs of any place in the world.
Which product has the most cholesterol per 3 oz. serving?
What type of poisoning results when histidine in fish is converted to histamine?
What is the first rule of safe food preparation in the home?
What is the average dressing percentage of a market barrow?
75% (70 – 78%)
What type of vertebrae are found in the forequarter of a beef carcass?
Cervical & Thoracic
What organization is a non-profit trade association working to create new opportunities and develop existing international markets for U.S. beef, pork, lamb and veal?
U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)
When was poultry inspection started in the United States?
By FSIS regulations, what percentage fat is allowed in fresh pork sausage?
What does the 2002 Farm Bill require the Secretary of Agriculture to implement at the final point of retail sale for beef, lamb, pork, fish, shellfish, perishable agricultural commodities, and peanuts?
What is the most abundant protein in an animal’s body?
What company marketed bologna based on the song beginning with the lyrics: “My bologna has a first name, it’s ...?”
What 2 factors determine USDA Quality Grade of a beef carcass?
Which country is the leader in broiler production, per capita consumption, and exports?
E. coli O157:H7 causes what disease resulting in kidney failure?
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Which food component is known to have the greatest effect on sustained juiciness?
What is the length of time before meat products become unpalatable, unsafe for human consumption, or unattractive in the display case?
Oxidation occurs when O2 attaches at what location in a fatty acid?
The cell membrane surrounding the muscle fiber is called what?
Lack of what stored component in muscle causes the DFD condition?
What veal is from calves that are 1 to 7 days old and have received only milk as a feed source?
What type of water is attached to protein and not released by chewing?
What is the maximum level of nitrites allowed in bacon?
What spice is commonly used if black pepper specs are not desired, but pepper flavor is desired?
Under anaerobic conditions, glucose metabolism produces what two compounds?
ATP & Lactic Acid
What describes the wavelength of light radiation?
The thick filament of a sarcomere is composed primarily of what protein?
Since sodium is the element in salt that causes hypertension, substitution of what for part of the NaCl has been used for producing sodium-reduced meat products?
What is the juice exuded from fresh, cooked and cured meats after they are packaged and remains in the package at the time of opening?
What is a cloth that has been soaked in chlorinated water then wrapped around a carcass to smooth the fat, remove the blood and reduce cooler shrink?
What folk legend was a meat packer that provided meat to the US Army during the War of 1812?
Uncle Sam (Samuel Wilson)
Other than adding moisture, what is the purpose of adding ice in sausage production?
A steer weighed 1,200 lbs at slaughter and dressed 64%. The packer paid $125/cwt for the carcass. How much was paid for the steer?
What gas is used to chemically stun hogs?
What is the common name for potassium nitrate?
What are the two types of adipose tissue found in many animal species at birth?
Use Pearson Square (Sausage Maker’s Square) to determine the percent of each meat source shown to formulate a 25% fat sausage.
Meat Source 1 = 90:10 beef trimmings
Meat Source 2 = 50:50 pork trimmings
62.5% Source 1; 37.5% Source 2
What is the process of killing all bacteria, spores and viruses in a meat product?
What is the process of removing hair on a hog carcass by burning it off?
What defect condition is caused by the cold shortening of the outside edges of ribeye muscle which causes a darkened and sunken appearance?
What is fat that has been deposited in the remaining portion of the scrotum of a steer?
What is the portion of the diaphragm muscle that is attached to the back region of the last rib?
What is the inner layer of skin that has been left on a lamb carcass after the pelt has been removed?
What is a young immature chicken, usually five to seven weeks of age, weighing not more than two pounds ready-to- cook weight?
Cornish Game Hen
What disease affects channel catfish and other species due to elevated levels of nitrite in water?
“Brown Blood” Disease
What country exports the most shrimp to the United States?
Foot and Mouth disease is found on all continents except what three?
Antarctica, Australia, and North America
What cooking method is used when meat is browned in a small amount of fat then cooked slowly in a covered pan with a small amount of liquid?
What is the quality grade of an A maturity beef carcass with Sm20 marbling that is a 1/3 dark cutter?
What is defined as those animal tissues that are suitable for food?
The structural unit of skeletal muscle tissue is the highly specialized cell known as what?
During ante-mortem inspection, animals that have an abnormal temperature or display other symptoms of disease that would render their meat unfit for food are marked what?
What does the “T” in T-bone indicate?
What three basic operations are involved in sharpening a knife?
Grinding, Honing, & Steeling
What are the protein-rich solids that remain after lard has been pressed from rendered pork fat?
How many servings per day of meat, poultry or fish are suggested in the Food Guide Pyramid?
2 to 3 Servings
Which product has the least protein per 3 oz. serving?
A. Ground beef patty
B. Beef and pork frankfurter
C. Pork Cutlet
D. Chicken Breast
E. Veal Cutlet
B. Beef and pork fankfurter
What type of polyunsaturated fatty acids found in fish oils is believed to decrease the tendency to develop cholesterol clogged arteries?
The percent daily value of each nutrient on a food label is based on a diet of how many calories?
Which country has the highest per capita consumption of beef?
How many thin filaments surround 1 thick filament in a cross-sectional view of a muscle fiber?
What is the shape of the horse meat inspection stamp?
What year did the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act become mandatory?
What is major meat ingredient in Braunschwieger?
How much nitrite is in an 833 curing brine?
Chlorine is commonly used at what concentration to sanitize processing equipment?
What is the shape of a typical growth curve of red meat animals?
What 3 forms does water exist in muscle?
Bound, Immobilized, & Free
When referring to hog scalding, what are the months from September – November known as?
Hard-hair months (season)
Of the 4 tissue types in the animal body, quantitatively, which tissue contributes the least to meat?
Who was the first Executive Director of AMSA?
H. Kenneth Johnson
What synthetic hormone used in beef was banned in 1979 by FDA because it was classified as a carcinogen by EPA?
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