In early colonial times, education was aimed at...
Saving souls through religious instruction
The Common School movement represented...
The effort to establish public elementary schooling
The name most closely related with the Common School Movement is...
School districts eventually resorted to hiring an increasing number of female teachers because...
It was economically advantages
The Supreme Court established the doctrine of "separate but equal" in the court case..
Plessy v. Ferguson
The first Kindergartens made their first appearances in the US in what century?
Mid nineteenth century
Perennialism is centered...
it is a teacher centered philosophy of education
To deal with the ever changing world, Dewey believed students should
Master the scientific method
John Dewey founded a famous experiential school to test his ideas. That school was...
St. John's College
The use of positive reinforcement to encourage desired behaviors is based on
How should one describe the system of funding schools?
Decentralized, local and state gov't bearing most costs
State and local gov't are responsible for approx. what percentage of public school funding?
92 to 94 percent
A call for countability in schools means that people want..
annual reports showing student achievement by income level and racial background
School boards are often criticized for...
not representing the interests of their constituents
A school superintendent is..
The most powerful education officer in the district
The following advice, "You'd better stay on the secretary's good side" involves the issue of what power?
The influence of business in America's schools can be best characterized as
extensive and growing
Three educational responsibilities of state gov't
1. Form educational policy; 2. oversee and regulate school activities; 3.license teachers; 4. test student progress; 5. see that local gov't system comply with state laws; 6. conduct educational research and development
Three local gov't educational responsibilities
1. School construction; 2. taxing; 3. Budgeting; 4. hiring school personel; 5. curriculum decisions; 6. local school policy; 7. educating students
It is ilegal for prospective employers to question an applicant's age, true or false
In matters involving a teacher's private conduct, a governing principle that determines whether the teacher may be dismissed is often
whether the teacher's actions result in "substantial disruption" of the educational process
The principle protecting a teacher's right to teach without censorship is known as
The Buckley amendment ensures the rights of...
Parents and guardians to access educational records
A child who is expelled for bringing in nail clippers to school is probably experiencing the consequence of...
A zero-tolerance policy
According to the supreme court concerning a teacher's stance on prayer...
Teachers may neither promote nor suppress student prayer
What is an interviewer prohibited from asking about (8 things)?
Title IX of the Education Amendments (1972) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act (1964) prohibits: creed, race, marital status, sex, religion, age national origin, and phyxical or other disabilities
What can one do if an interviewer asks an inappropriate question(2 things)?
Notify the school district; notify the Office for Civil Rights
Arguments faced by Horace Mann in his struggle to establish public elementary schools (4 things)
Business interest did not want child labor taken away; taxpayers didn't want to pay more taxes; private schools didn't want competition; people of other religious learnings were angry at Mann's moral program
What are the teacher-oriented philosophies (2)?
Essentialism and Perennialism
What are the student-oriented philosophies (3)?
Progressivism, Social Reconstructionism, and Existentialsim
What are the key differences of Teacher-oriented v. student-oriented? (3)
More authoritarian; conservative; focus on transmitting values which have survived through time
What are they key differences of student-oriented v. teacher-oriented philosophies? (4)
focused on individual needs; contemporary relelvance, future prep, learner is placed at center
Want to see the other 32 Flashcards in Questions on Study Guide for exam EDU (November)?JOIN TODAY FOR FREE!