1/21/09 9:23 PM Louis Armstrong Originator for what happened in country 1960?s beat Beatles out for a #1 Hit nobody sang or played like Louis before Louis Al Jolson- Greatest entertainer of the 20th century Fanny Brice Comedian Barbara Striesand followed Fanny?s sound Scott Joplin The Sting- Robert Movie contained Joplin?s Music In a way introduced syncopation into popular music (emphasis on off beat) Bessie Smith Empress of Blues 750,000 copies of 1st album KNOWN AS THE SHOUTER - influenced ARETHA FRANKLIN Billy Holiday- Microphone helped her be heard Judy Garland ?Somewhere over the Rainbow? 15 yrs. Old Jelly Roll Morton- Influenced the move to popular music Piano player, singer Great jazz composer, genius of jazz Born 1885, New Orleans Off spring of black slave and French person? Swings Big in the 20?s with swing He thought he was the greatest thing in the world- that everyone was inferior At 14 yrs old he was out on his own, left home to go play, wandered the United States. Wonderful dresser, loved clothes, 3-piece suits, diamonds Prude, a briber, and made everyone aware of how great he was. CARD SAID- ?I invented Jazz in 1904? There is a stop in all rhythmic activity Riff- top hand of Jazz Playing outta time- change from main beat Everything Jelly Said made sense but he never got credit because no body like him. Started writing music- got ripped off by Spikes brothers, Superstitious Died in 1941 Gregory Hinz was an impersonator of Jelly ( he died at a young age) Ragtime- NOT Jelly?s style, he could play ragtime to prove he could play but not style Swing- is a felling of momentum, a sense Anita Gonzales- ?Mamma Mia? Piece has all of the above characteristics 3 piano players- Jell Roll-orchestral; W.C Handy- father of the blues, published St. Louis Blues Nice man Ouiz- three piano players Jelly ( a great voice for Jazz) Piano sound swings His left hand is all over Scott Joplin Sound more rigid Ragged, syncopated Fats waller Played fast STRIDES with left hand! Ragtime- played at the turn of the century (1900?s) Happy, catchy piano time Came from European military, has a rhythm and sound Falls into sections Intro A string- 1st string- play twice B string-play twice A string- play once Trio and C string- changes mood D string- Happy, Fast to play and hard Scott Joplin- ? Ragtime should never be played fast? greatest melody came in the trio born in 1868 could also play violin scott went along with mother when she would house clean for people and he would play on their pianos people heard in play and took him in to teach him a European style of playing piano. Played at Maple Leaf Club in Missouri, it was an interesting place to play because it was interracial. Went to college and got a degree in music John Stark- music publisher, wanted to take scott?s music and publish it. Wanted to give him 1 penny for every copy sold. Un heard of for white publisher to give a black performer Royalty ( this enabled Scott to be a composer. Only person that we can?t hear because he never made an album. ?Maple Leaf Rag? a song he played a loner Scott?s wife didn?t approve of his life they had a child that died at birth marriage ended in divorce Scott went to New York with Jon Stark in 1905 Wrote a Ragtime Ballet Remarried Best thing to happen to him She loved his way of life and music Treemonisha- ( he became obsessed with writing this opera) Became less grounded, lost motor control, suffered from syphilis His Passion for Treemonisha caused a riff with Jon Stark 1915 he produced it clumsily?.it failed?.a flawed piece 50 years later?writers got a-hold of it and revamped it and reproduced it. Died in a mental institution?just when his music was really taking force Fats Waller Played fast Right hand knows no boundaries Left hand ( boom chick, boom chick) takes big STRIDES You have to be accurate and have a strong arm In some people?s mind he is the best stride player ever Born in 1904 in Harlem Father a minister at Baptist Church Momma?s Boy (let him get away with a lot) Real name Thomas Skip school to go to play or watch people play 16 yrs old his mother passed away Married Edith Hatchet Spent allot of time w/ man name James. P Johnson so he could play piano at parties Parties were RENT parties where the piano players would pretty much compete ( money made from having party would pay the host?s RENT) After having a child Fats got a divorce, had to pay alimony didn?t always have money No sense of responsibility Found out he had a real good gift of writing music Wrote a bunch of songs for Fletcher Henderson Wrote songs for Broadway! ?Keep Shuffling? ?Load of Coal? ?Hot Chocolate? Randy Razaf wrote the lyrics Fats did the music He didn?t care about money Personal life was ?Lets have a good time? 5?7? ? 300lbs enjoyed food, drink, and having fun eventually ended up killing him 1932 he was put in jail a couple times goes to Cincinnati Ohio to be a talk show loves the pipe organ WLW- moon river Started to sing- known as the singing comedian Sold millions of Records ?Mis Behavin?? terrible songs but fun to listen to he could still sell his records even with the terrible music. ?your feets to big? (song) soundiesname of a music video he wanted to be taken seriously- played at Carnegie hall played first half good, went and drank, then messed up the second half went to LONDON--> died on train in 1943 ?Black & Blue? song that was influential in protests Louie Armstrong also sings ?Black & Blue? Bessie Smith sings the Blues you can?t escape the blues, they are an intricate part of popular music she also shouts classic blues- is a mix of European and black music form. Blues became structure for rock n? roll 3- 4 major- phrases she was orphaned at age 4 or 6 she would run around sing and dancing at 14 she was dancing in tent showings there was no amps in tent shows Ma Rainly the ?ugliest women in show business?- mother of blues because she was the first published blues singer She was a tough course women John Hammond- Record Producer Mother was a Vanderbilt First white member of the NAACP- interested in giving more opportunities to blacks and white he liked their sound Discovered- Aretha Franklin. Bob Dylan Columbia Records signed her and gave her a chance Frank Walker gave her a Royalty She made 158 records 1933 ended record deal with Columbia She was with the same man here whole life Alcoholic, spent her money as soon as she made it After 2 years of not making any music JOHN HAMMOND brought her back in the studio to make final record. (she wasn?t very healthy) Briefly started touring Got in a car accident (lost an arm) and once she got to the hospital she died of internal injuries. She was treated at a Black hospital Janice Joplin ( a singer who sang a lot of Bessie?s songs) paid for her headstone Ethel Waters (1896-1977) Has more range?sings at a higher pitch Can understand her lyrics more than Bessie?s Goal was to be a Broadway star Took vocal lessons Goes on to great success Lives a long comfortable life ?Sweet momma String Bean?-> nick name ?on with the show? Broadway performance introduced trade mark song ?Am I Blue?? her sound sounded improvised, she had the sound of a jazz singer but had her own rhythm took singing lessons that almost ruined her ( made her roll her ?r?s) big start of cotton club (run by white gangsters) staff all black cliental all white made white audience grow. Married at 13 divorced by 15 Grew up in slums out of wed lock Was in a car accident and people just drove by. Much tougher than Billy Holiday Became suspicious of people very religious always talked about god 1930?s reached dream of becoming a great Broadway star one of America?s most versatile performers ?Cabin in the Sky? comedy there were no other singers like her t the timeground breaking performerintroduced songs that influenced a change in the way women sang 1939offered a straight dramatic role in broadway went on to win many awards filmtook on different role the matriarchalways played a strong women no other black performer was held in such high regard 1933 music about lynching?s ?Supper Time? powerful song always ended her ct ?lady sings the blues? novel about her Billy Holiday Raped at 13 Becomes jazz singer Becomes drug addict Dies young w/ little money Music 206 1/21/09 9:23 PM 1/21/09 9:23 PM
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