Ida B. Wells - early leader of civil rights movement; published "Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in all its Phases" in 1892, documented the extent of lynchings; significant because of her leadership in the civil rights movement Atlanta Compromise - Speech given by Booker T. Washington in 1895; given to a white audience of the cotton states; calls black to get into the work force; tells the white audience that the blacks want a chance at economic opportunity and that they can stay segregated; W.E.B. DuBois was his main critic Roosevelt Corollary - Amendment to the Monroe Doctrine by Theodore Roosevelt in 1904. Gives the US power to intervene in affairs of economic interest in the western hemisphere. Significant because it gave the US "international police power" and the right to intervene in the western hemisphere Plessy vs. Ferguson - Supreme Court case, 1896, justified separate but equal; significant because it upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation, even in public areas; passed by supreme court Cross of Gold Speech - Given by William Jennings Bryan at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, 1896; speech advocating bimetallism and opposing the gold standard; would help farmers and debtors pay off their debts; significant as a dramatic expression of the battle between hard & soft money Populism - 1890's; A party that sought to speak for the farmers and all of the "producing class"; formed from the Alliance; significant as the era's greatest political insurgency Jacob Riis - Social Reformer and muckraker journalist; wrote "How the Other Half Lives" in 1890, significant because of his photojournalism to help the impoverished in slums, especially NYC, the focus of his work Haymarket Affair - May 4th, 1886; A rally was held in Chicago in the Haymarket square to protest the killing of 4 strikers by police the day before; after the speech's someone threw a bomb killing a police officer, they opened fire, innocent by standers were shot and more police killed. Significant as a key even in the labor movement struggle for an 8 hour work day.