Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
a persistent thought idea, impulse, or image that is experienced repeatedly, feels intrusive and causes anxiety.
a repetitive and rigid behavior or mental act that persons feel they must perform in order to prevent or reduce anxiety; the response the the obsessive thoughts e.g. checking & rechecking, rituals, cleansing, touching, verbal, counting
repetitive contemplation or reflection, which may become persistent and recurrent worrying; ‘redigesting’ the same thought over and over and reexamining and double checking your thoughts (Lecture 1-27)
A term once used to describe what are now known as conversion disorder, somatization disorder, and pain disorder associated with psychological factors.book only
A physical illness or ailment that is explained largely by psychosocial causes, in which the patient experiences no sense of wanting or guiding the symptoms (this is somatoform disorder from the book, not somatoform from the lecture)
a disorder suggesting an illness with no identifiable physical cause, in which the patient is believed to be producing or faking symptoms intentionally in order to assume a sick role…. Experience a lot of distress; many people feel don’t have control over the problem of doing this. Often go to extreme lengths to create the appearance of illness.
an extreme and long term form of factitious disorder in which a person produces symptoms, gains admission to a hospital, and receives treatment. …also, Munchausen by proxy is a Factitious disorder where parents make up or produce illnesses in their kids.
The unrealistic interpretation of bodily symptoms as signs of serious illness. It involves preoccupation with fears or beliefs that one has a serious disease, for more than 6 months. The preoccupation persists despite medical reassurance that the disease is non-existent or not serious…a somatoform disorder in which people mistakenly fear that minor changes in their physical functioning indicate a serious disease.
a state in which some integrated part of a person’s life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently. A mental process that severs a connection to a person’s thoughts, memories, feelings; A major loss of change in memory, consciousness, and/or identity, without physical causes
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
A dissociative disorder in which a person develops two or more distinct personalities. There is an inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. Also called multiple personalities disorder.
a persistent feeling of being detached from one’s own mental processes or body, where one’s feelings of the self feels unreal or foreign… is a malfunction or anomaly of the mechanism by which an individual has self-awareness. It is a feeling of watching oneself act, while having no control over a situation; a disorder marked by a persistent and recurrent feeling of being detached from one’s own mental processes or body; that is, one feels unreal and alien
A state or episode of euphoria or frenzied activity in which people may have an exaggerated belief that the world is theirs for the taking;illusions of grandeur and risky behavior; often go on manic shopping sprees.
A condition described by early Greek and Roman philosopher and physicians as consisting of unshakable sadness. Today it is known as depression.
the experience and expression of emotions
a person’s overall emotional state
a neurotransmitter whose abnormal activity is linked to depression and panic disorder
a neurotransmitter whose abnormal activity is linked to depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, and eating disorders.
the person most known for developing and promoting research on the behavioral view of unipolar depression
Believed that maladaptive attitudes, a cognitive triad, errors in thinking, and automatic thoughts combine to produce unipolar depression. negative thinking rather than the underlying conflicts or a reduction in positive rewards, lies at the heart of depression
Cognitive triad for depression
The three forms of negative thinking that theorist Aaron Beck says lead people to feel depressed. The triad consists of a negative view of one’s experiences, oneself and the future.
The perception, based on past experiences that one has no control over one’s reinforcements. “It holds that people become depressed when they think that they no longer have control over the reinforcements (the rewards and punishments) in their lives and that they themselves are responsible for this helpless state.” (book 258).
an inability to experience pleasure
is a mood state characterized by persistent and pervasive elevated or irritable mood, and thoughts and behaviors that are consistent with such a mood state; “mild mania that does not affect someone’s life”
creativity and mania
a chronic mood disorder that falls within the depression spectrum, the opposite of hyperthymia, it is considered a chronic depression, but with less severity than major depressive disorder (a mood disorder that is similar to but longer-lasting and less disabling than a major depressive disorder.)
an antidepressant drug (eg imipramine) that has three rings in its molecular structure.; an antidepressant drug that acts by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin and thus making more of those substances available to act on receptors in the brain
A treatment for unipolar depression that is based on the belief that clarifying and changing one’s interpersonal problems will help lead to recovery
A metallic element that occurs in nature as a mineral salt and is a highly effective treatment for bipolar disorders
The tendency of a person to committing suicide; how suicidal a person feels on a set continuum
A treatment approach that tries to help people in a psychological crisis view their situation more accurately make better decisions, act more constructively and overcome the crisis.
24-hours-a-day telephone services - callers reach a counselor or paraprofessional (a person trained in counseling but without a formal degree) who provides services under the supervision of a mental health professional
an agreement made with a suicidal person to postpone suicidal impulses by staying in contact with others, removing lethal means from the home, calling hotlines if an impulse arises, staying in the presence of friends/family, getting therapy, etc.
a short period of excessive consumption, especially of excessive alcohol consumption; an episode of uncontrollable eating during which a person eats a very large quantity of food.
A theory that identifies several different kinds of risk factors that may combine to help cause a disorder. The more such factors present, the greater the risk of developing the disorder. Biological, family environment, societal pressure, cognitive disturbances, mood/anxiety (Lecture 2/10)
weight set point
The weight level that a person is predisposed to maintain, controlled, in part, by the hypothalamus.
internal and external attributions- pg. 258 in book (relates to learned helplessness)
internal: self blame which leads to feelings of inadequacy (depression)
external: other-directed blame which probably does not lead to feelings of helplessness
Physical dependence on a substance, marked by such features as tolerance, withdrawal symptoms during abstinence or both
such excessive reliance on a drug that one makes it the center of one’s life and perhaps builds a tolerance to it, experiences withdrawal symptoms when one stops taking it, or both. Also known as addiction.
An amnestic disorder marked by extreme confusion, memory impairment, and other neurological symptoms; caused by long term alcoholism, and accompanying poor diet, and in turn, a deficiency of vitamin B (thiamine).
A temporary drug- induced state in which people display symptoms such as impaired judgment, mood changes, irritability, slurred speech and loss of coordination
upon regular use of a drug, the need of the brain and the body for ever-larger doses in order to achieve the drug’s earlier effects
Unpleasant, sometimes dangerous reactions that may occur when people who use a drug regularly stop taking or reduce their dosage of the drug.
stimulant drugs that are manufactured in the laboratory(i.e. amphetamine (Benzedrine), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), and methamphetamine). They increase energy & alertness and reduce appetite when taken in small doses; produce a rush, intoxication, and psychosis in high doses, and cause an emotional letdown as they leave the body., these stimulate the CNS by increasing the release of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin in the brain. Tolerance to these drugs build very quickly.
Drugs produced from the different varieties of the hemp plant, cannabis sativa. They cause a mixture of hallucinogenic, depressant, and stimulant effects
An addictive stimulant taken from the coca plant; the most powerful natural stimulant known. *Used by Sherlock Holmes (fictional character) and Sigmund Freud
Substances that primarily cause powerful changes in sensory perception, including strengthening a person’s perceptions and producing illusions and hallucinations. Also called psychedelic drugs. The hallucinogens include LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, and MDMA.
a broad range of drugs in the forms of gases, aerosols or solvents that are breathed in and absorbed through the lungs
Opium or any of the drugs derived from opium, including morphine, heroin and codeine. Opium itself comes from the sap of the opium poppy.
a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken for its effects as a hallucinogen; in form of dust
the world’s most widely used stimulant. It acts as a stimulant of the CNS, producing a release of the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine in the brain. Thus it increases arousal and motor activity and reduces fatigue
reward deficiency syndrome
A condition, suspected to be present in some individuals, in which the brain’s reward center is not readily activated by the usual events in their lives
An ego defense mechanism in which a person fails to acknowledge unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or actions. Central role is to maintain addictive behavior. (Substance abuse lecture)
Behavioral self control training - A cognitive based approach to treating alcohol abuse and dependence in which people are taught to keep track of their drinking behavior and to apply coping strategies in situations that typically trigger excessive drinking.
An approach to treating alcohol abuse that is similar to behavioral self-control training but also has people plan ahead for risky situations and reactions.
systematic and medically supervised withdrawal from a drug.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!