QUIZ : CHAPTER 6 Names: Select the appropriate answer by highlighting it in yellow. 1) When selecting a topic for a speech, speakers needs to consider the audience, the occasion, and A) the length of time needed for the speech. B) the setting where the speech will be given. C) the speakers themselves. D) the knowledge of the audience regarding the topic. 2) This statement is decided solely by the speaker since it depends on the behavioral change the speaker expects from the audience at the end of the speech. A) general purpose. B) specific purpose. C) central idea. D) functional purpose. 3) Searching for logical divisions in a subject is a strategy for A) determining your general purpose. B) determining your specific purpose. C) determining your preview statement. D) determining your main ideas. 4) Is it appropriate to develop a speech topic based on something you heard on a television talk show? A) No; using televised information for your speech topic is a form of plagiarism. B) No; most topics discussed on talk shows are inappropriate speech material. C) Yes, but you have to address the topic the same way the talk show did. D) Yes; brainstorming ideas from a television program is a good way to develop a topic and is an option suggested in the text. 5) When you make a list of your own interests, and just begin writing as many topics related to these as you can think of without stopping to consider them, you are using a technique known as A) topic building. B) brainstorming. C) natural topic selection. D) webbing. 6) When starting with a broad speech topic such as "automobiles," it is necessary to narrow it down because A) not everyone in the class is interested in the topic of automobiles. B) there is too much research involved in such a broad topic. C) you can't cover everything about automobiles in a speech. D) your speech would probably be too long and boring. 7) A complete central idea or thesis statement should be all of the following EXCEPT A) a complete declarative sentence. B) a sentence with direct, specific language. C) a statement with at least three ideas. D) an audience-centered idea. 8) It's the end of the semester, your brain is fried, and you just can't come up with a creative topic for your persuasive speech. As a last resort, you pick up the daily newspaper and decide on a topic by looking at one of the headlines. According to your textbook, is this advisable? A) No; it is a form of plagiarism when you get speech topics from a newspaper. B) No; newspapers offer boring material which do not make for a good topic. C) Yes, but topics generated from newspapers take much longer to develop than others. D) Yes; scanning newspaper headlines may be an effective strategy to find a speech topic. 9) The central idea for your speech on "Use sunscreen" just will not break itself down into logical divisions. Rather than forget this topic and try to find one that divides more logically, what does your text suggest you do? A) Find a chronological pattern for the main ideas. B) Establish reasons why your central idea is true. C) Don't worry about it, the audience won't notice anyway. D) Find new supporting material on the topic and start again. 10) If a speaker says, "Tonight, I'm going to discuss with you two reasons why everyone should recycle, including cost-saving benefits and the problems waste creates in the environment," you recognize this as A) a general purpose statement. B) an attention-getting device. C) a preview of main ideas. D) a specific purpose statement. 11) Allison has written and rewritten the central idea of her speech on "Dog Care." She finally comes up with " Dog care is very difficult ." What is the problem with this central idea? A) Her central idea is not audience-centered. B) Her central idea is too confusing. C) Her central idea is too vague. D) Her central idea is not a declarative sentence. 12) On Barnett's speech outline appeared the sentence: "Censorship of the music industry violates our First Amendment right to free speech." You recognize this statement as A) a general purpose statement. B) a specific purpose statement. C) a central idea or thesis. D) an inflammatory statement. 13) Derrick's speech on rodeos focused on three different events. His central ideas was "The modern rodeo has many interesting events including bronco busting, calf roping, and bull riding." Derrick's central idea could be readily broken down into main ideas based on A) a chronological order or series of steps. B) reasons to show the central idea is true. C) logical division of the central idea. D) the relative importance of each idea. Answer: C 14) In a speech about the importance of establishing a daily exercise routine, Bart sums up his goal for the speech in the following statement: "At the end of my speech, the audience will be inspired to initiate a daily exercise routine." You recognize this statement as A) a general purpose statement. B) a specific purpose statement. C) a concluding statement. D) a summary statement. Answer: B 15) A complete declarative sentence that summarizes your speech is known as the A) general purpose. B) specific purpose. C) central idea. D) blueprint. QUIZ : CHAPTER 6 Names: Select the appropriate answer by highlighting it in yellow 16) A lengthy illustration with a plot, beginning, climatic point, and end is called A) a hypothetical illustration. B) a brief illustration. C) an extended illustration. D) a literal illustration. 17) An illustration that includes the word "imagine", or presents a scenario that might happen, is A) a hypothetical illustration. B) an extended illustration. C) a definition. D) an explanation. 18) When someone, who is a recognized authority in a specialized area, states his/her opinion, this is considered A) expert testimony. B) lay testimony. C) a literary quotation. D) individual opinion. 19) What does your textbook advise regarding the use of hypothetical illustrations in a speech? A) Using a series of hypothetical illustrations can often have more impact than a single illustration. B) Make sure your audience knows from the beginning that your illustration is hypothetical. C) A hypothetical illustration is only effective if it is lengthy; brief hypotheticals are ineffective. D) Hypothetical illustrations are fine in a conclusion, but shouldn't be used in the body of a speech. 20) What are important guidelines for the use of statistics in a speech? A) Use reputable, authoritative, unbiased sources for your statistics. B) Use statistics that are mainly from secondary sources. C) Use as many statistics as you can find because they enhance credibility. D) Report a statistic down to the last decimal point, to be thorough and accurate. 21) "Sarah Hughes is the future of figure skating in America. She has an elegance far beyond her years, combined with a dazzling athletic ability." This statement is a form of supporting material known as A) a description. B) an explanation. C) a definition. D) an illustration. 22) What form of supporting material is being utilized in the following question: "If many states profit from the institution of a lottery, why can't our home state do the same?" A) an extended analogy B) a figurative analogy C) a literal analogy D) a faulty analogy 23) Richard says in his speech, "In the words of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 'The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself.'" What form of supporting material is Richard employing? A) expert testimony B) lay testimony C) figurative quotation D) literary quotation 24) In his speech about drinking and driving, David told the story of what happened to three friends of his. He went into detail about how they had been partying, how they wouldn't let anyone sober drive them home, and how their lives ended when the car they were in wrapped around a tree in the middle of the night. What kind of supporting material did David use in his speech? A) a brief illustration B) an extended illustration C) a statistic D) expert testimony 25) In her speech about the benefits of vehicle air bags, Gretta states: "Based on information gathered from 1987 to 2003, The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that 13,967 people are alive today because of their vehicle airbags. Almost 14,000 people! That would be the equivalent of the full-time students attending this college. Imagine, all those lives saved by a simple airbag." What guideline about the use of statistics is Gretta following in her speech? A) interpreting statistics accurately B) making statistics understandable and memorable C) using secondary sources D) using visual aids to present statistics 26) In his persuasive speech, Li used several illustrations?some brief, some extended, and some hypothetical. He decided that this form of supporting material would be more powerful and memorable than dry statistics or definitions. Which of the following statements best applies to this situation? A) Li made a good decision because illustrations are the most effective form of supporting material. B) Li followed the text's advice about using multiple forms of illustrations as his main source of supporting material. C) Li's over-reliance on illustrations shows that he ignored the text's advice about selecting supporting material that has proximity to the audience. D) Li's over-reliance on illustrations shows that he ignored the text's advice about using a variety of types of supporting material. 27) Samantha is giving a speech on binge drinking. She uses supporting material that says, "A binge drinker is a man who drinks five or more drinks in one sitting or a woman who drinks four." This type of supporting material is A) an illustration. B) an opinion. C) an analogy. D) a definition. 28) In a persuasive speech, you compared stem cell research to abortion on the basis that they are both destroying human life. In this case you were using A) a literal analogy B) a figurative analogy C) an extended illustration D) a brief example 29) In her speech about cancer, Bonnie included information from a friend's mother who had undergone chemotherapy and whose cancer was in remission. Was this appropriate supporting material for the speech? A) Yes; the information from the friend's mother was considered lay testimony about cancer. B) No; Bonnie should have only used experts on the subject, not someone who experienced cancer. C) Yes, but only as long as the friend's mother was considered an "expert" on cancer. D) No; the friend's mother was anything but an "unbiased" authority on the subject. 30) Government agencies, independent survey organizations, or scholarly research reports can be considered reliable sources because they are A) reputable. B) accessible. C) effective. D) varied.
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