education level of typical police officer today is....
a bachelors in criminal justice
what percentage of local police department provide college tuition to their reimbursement for officers?
By 2050, minority population will be what percentage of the population?
What police department has served as the model for field training programs since the 1970s?
San Jose, CA PD
if a competent job analysis is done, tests in the police screening process are considered to be what?
San Jose, CA
what process tends to be costly in human and dollar resources? Although many departments use them for promotional exams and most do not use them for hiring selections.
What does researcher Hrand Saxenian say is the single most important criterion in the police selection process?
most mature, intelligent, stable and without concern for what the job is. (107)
Which of the following is not one of the four standard testing procedures used by the vast majority of US police departments?
According to the Bureau of Justice, statistics, approximately what percentage of police departments require applicants to take a polygraph?
According to the Bureau of Justice, statistics, approximately what percentage of police departments conduct a background investigation on candidates?
What stage of the police selection requires the most litigation?
what stage of police selection screen out the most candidates?
physical agility test
What is the purpose of the medical examination?
1. The police department wants to hire someone in excellent health
2. The police department wants to make sure they are drug free.
What following tests do researchers consider to be discriminating to women?
physical agility test
The majority of police departments have what height requirement?
5'8 or 6"
The former height requirement were challenged in court because it discriminated against whom?
women and minorities
select the correct age and education requirements for the police.
21-29, or under 35 & college.
among local law enforcements agencies, as reported by the Bureau of Justice statistics in 2003, what percent of local departments require a 4 year college degree?
The federal government program that gave grants for police officers to attend college was called:
Law Enforcement Education Program (LEEP) 1968-1976
The first police training school was developed by?
Residential academy is generally more militaristic
What is not considered when selecting police applicants?
The US supreme court case of Dothard v. Rawlinson (1977) dealt with what?
the height and weight requirements
Most police departments require their candidates to have what kind of vision?
according to John Firman, the research director for the international association of chief of police (IACP), the most common restriction on hiring applicants with a history of drug use is?
10 years free of hard drugs and 5 years free of marijuana.
Most federal laws require this education requirement
a high school diploma
The Sherman report suggests recruiting police applicants from what program?
liberal arts program
An adverse impact or a different rate of selection occurs when the selection rate for any gender, race, or ethnic group is less than what percent of the selection rate for group with the highest selection rate?
What is the final stage of the selection process for a police officer?
a job offer
the label given to the current generation of 18-25 years old is?
what position is considered a "learning position" for potential police candidates while they are pursuing their education?
In 1985, the fleeing felon rule was declared unconstitutional in the US supreme court in what landmark cases?
The police make how many arrests a year?
the vast majority of arrest made by the police are for ?
crimes of disorders or actions that annoy citizens
most police contact involves what?
how would you describe the police role?
the concept of what the police do
Robert Lilly's research concludes that the majority of police calls are made for?
Egon Bittner states that police work from its early origin is ?
they are the fire that they fight.
What are the secondary goals and objectives of the PD?
preventing crimes, arresting and prosecuting offenders, recovering stolen and missing property, assisting the sick and injured, enforcing non criminal regulations, delivering assistance when services are not available.
What are Broderick's police operational styles?
4: Enforcers, Idealists, Realists, and Optimists
What are James Q. Wilson's operating styles?
watchman style, legalistic style, service style.
What kind of department does James Q. Wilson mention for a police department to maintain order through informal police intervention?
a police department that makes many summonses and many misdemeanor arrests is according to James Q. Wilson, what kind of department?
A department that uses social services agencies to provide counseling for minor offenders is according to James Q. Wilson, considered what kind of department?
Police Officers have how much discretion?
to arrrest, to stop, question or frisk, to use deadly force, to write traffic summonses, to use certain enforcement tactics (harassment, moving loiterers, warning, and so on.)
to take a report on a crime or to investigate a crime.
Who is the first decision maker in the criminal justice system?
What is not one of the reasons police exercise discretion?
REASONS: if the police attempted to enforce the laws all the time they would be in the station house or in court all the time.
Because of political realties
What is one of the major factors that Herbert Jacob says causes the police to exercise discretion?
4 major factors: Characteristics of the crime, Relationship between criminal and the victim, relationship between police and the criminal or victim, department policies.
what is another name for pepper spray?
How is police patrol spent most of the time?
How many people are killed every year by the police?
373 -376 people a year
studies of police discretion have shown that the most significant factor in the decision to arrest is?
threatening the police or resisting arrest.
Who do 98% of the police shootings involve?
Research concludes that a disproportionate number of what group are killed justifiably by the police?
What is not indicative of police culture?
speaking in code.
what do you call the refusal of some police officers to report fellow officers misconduct?
blue wall of silence
what is not a trait of the police personality?
traits: authoritarianism, suspicion, hostility, conservatism, and cynicism
which is not indicative of the police personality?
Working personality: danger, authority, and isolation
Who developed the working personality for the police?
Burbeck and Furnham
Who was the researcher that conducted the classic study in Gary, IN?
William Westley : Blue Wall of Silence
Where does the police's working personality come from?
constant exposure to danger and need to use force and authority.
Who wrote behind the shield?
What do we mean by Dirty Harry Problems?
a moral dilemma faced by the police officers in which they may feel forced to take certain illegal actions to achieve a greater good.
The human body's reaction to highly stressful situations is known as what?
flight or fight responses
The american institute of stress ranked police work:
What are the four general categories of police stress by researchers?
external stress: real threats, organizational stress: quasi-miltary, personal stress: difficulties getting along with other officers, operational stress: daily need to confront with criminals
what is one of the leading factors in stress for police work?
poor pay, lack of sleep, role conflict
Research says being on duty for 24 hours a day, leads the police to cope with stress doing what?
becoming emotionally detached from their work
How does John V, explain that the high suicide rates among police officers as a result of stress?
53% higher than other city workers, access to firearms and shift work
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