Reading Questions: Neils chapter 5 and Herodotus? 21st and 22nd logoi (Finley 81-111) 1. What evidence do we have, as Neils presents it, for the life of Greek women in the Archaic and Classical periods? What are the problems that arise from using ?mute? artifacts like vase painting? 2. What role did women play in the society of the polis? What are the distinctions that existed between men and women in upbringing, legal rights, marriage practice? What was the religious practice of women like, and how do we know? 3. How does Xerxes get the throne of his father, over Artabazanes? Is Demaratus? argument logical, or is it mere sophistry? What role does Atossa play? 4. What leads Xerxes to take up his campaign against the Greeks? What role do Mardonius and Artabanus play as counselors? What do we learn about the Greeks (or at least about Persian conceptions of the Greeks) from the deliberation scene? How does the shadow of former Persian failures (against the Massagetae, Ethiopians, and Scythians) hang over these deliberations? 5. Why does Xerxes omit to send for earth and water to Sparta and Athens? What does the story about these cities? treatment of heralds tell us about Herodotus? own beliefs about divine actions and (especially) retribution? 6. What does Xerxes say to Demaratus about the particularly strength of his army versus that of the various Greek poleis? What does Demaratus? answer tell us about ?Greek? self-concept, at least as far as Herodotus is concerned? What are the positive and negative aspects of both Xerxes? view and that of the Greeks?
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