Reading Questions, Neils chpt. 6; Herodotus, the battle of Theromopylae (Finley 111-157) NB: A temenos is a precinct, ie a tract of land set aside, usually for a god. 1. What facilities usually existed inside of a Greek sanctuary? Where does one find altars, and what role did they have for Greek religion? 2. What are the different major orders of temple architecture, and where and when did each predominate? 3. What place does the Parthenon have in the history of Greek temples, and what place does it have within the larger building program that produced it? What political statements are made through its construction and the choice of its artistic themes? Is it unusual that the Athenians had not one but three separate temples to the same goddess on their Acropolis? 4. How do oracles and mystery cults fit into the Greek religious system? What difference is there between ?gods? and ?heroes?, and how are stories of heroes used politically? 5. What does Herootus? admission about the Athenians? role in the war at the outset of his 22nd logos tell you about his own general attitude toward the Athenians? About that of his audience? 6. Who is Themistocles, and how does he manage to interpret the Delphic oracle correctly for once? How did Athens? great naval strength come about? 7. Why does Xerxes spare the Greek spies caught in his country, and what does this tell you about Xerxes? Is his a wise move? How do the Argives ?play both sides? in their discussions both with Greeks and with Persians? 8. What effect does the brief narrative on Gelo have on the overall story? What purpose does it and do other similar digressions have? Is the wrangling of the Greeks over leadership surprising to you? How do they negotiate these issues of leadership among one another? What does Gelo?s approach to both the other Greeks and to the Persians tell you about him and about the perception of the Persian invasion in the Greek west? 9. Why do the Greeks settle on the plan to hold Theromopylae and (at sea) Artemisium? What natural disaster befalls the Persian navy, and how is this understood by the Greeks? 10. Who is at Thermopylae, besides the famous ?300? of the Spartans? How did the various other groups come to be there? How do the representatives of the various cities each acquit themselves in the following battle? How does Herodotus treat the stories about those who survived?
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