Reading Questions, Finley 157-215 1. Why do the allies entrust command of their navy to a Spartan, Eurybiades, instead of to Athens? How does Athens react, and why? 2. How does the series of naval engagement off of Artemisium go, and what tactics seem particularly effective? What strategy does Themistocles undertake to try to persuade the Ionians to fight for the Greeks rather than for the Persians? What kind of arguments does he use? Is he successful in the long run? What kind of ploy does Xerxes undertake in attempting to make his victory at Thermopylae appear more successful? 3. What motivates the King to proceed against Delphi? What series of marvelous events ensues? 4. What is the overall Greek plan for the Battle of Salamis? What defense do the Athenians who remain behind in Athens put up? What tension exists between the Athenians and their Peloponnesian allies? How does Themistocles overcome this? What does Herodotus think about this episode? 5. What role does Artemisia?queen of Caria (on the Ionian coast and hence a vassal of Persia)?play in the Persian council before the battle? What role does she have in the battle? What ideas about women are assumed by Herodotus and by his audience in these narratives? 6. What borderline treasonous action does Themistocles undertake to spur the Peloponnesian Greeks to fight at Salamis? How else does he appear to ?play both sides?? What role does Aristides son of Lysimachus (?the Just?) play here? 7. What kind of ?exit strategy? does Xerxes decide upon after his defeat at Salamis? How do the Greeks ultimately decide to react to his flight? Why does the King make his overture to the Athenians through Alexander, and what does this last episode tell us about Herodotus? conception of what is Greek and where Athenian loyalties should lie?
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