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The RIAA is?
Group that broke the Beatles concert attendance record in 1973 was?
Cross Dressing front man of the New York Dolls, who later gained fame as Buster Coin-Dexter is?
Dark Side of The Moon
Who was the first New Wave act to sell more than 100,000 copies of a record?
This political savvy MC called rap America’s black CNN but hopes it doesn’t become the Cartoon Network?
What Chicago based DJ is recognized as the originator of House Music style?
Which label released first rap hit, “Rapper’s Delight” was?
When played, CD’s spin at?
500 - 200 rpm
First all Digital synthesizer came from Japan, capable of playing dozens of “voices” it showed the world their degree of commitment to the advancement of these technologies?
How many times a second does a CD player sample the sound?
Which music executive became a billionaire while forced to hold MCA stock when it was sold to Mitusha?
Nirvana recorded their first record for?
Who convinced Jimmy Cliff to come to London to work with his record label, Island Records?
The label company, Def Jam released Licensed to Ill and Raising Hell, who founded the company?
Russel Simmons and Rick Rueben
The first music video to air on MTV in 1981 was?
Video Killed The Radio Star
What was the big merge that dropped the Big 5 to the Big 4?
Sony and Bertelsmann(BMG)
First full time black minstrel group
Thomas Dartmouth 'Daddy' Rice
Copied the "Jim Crow" song and dance
Inventor of the Gramophone
The first important composer of American popular song
Term to describe recordings by and mainly for African Americans.
Jelly Roll Morton
First Jazz musician to put compositions on paper
James Reese Europe
had the first black group (orchestra) to be signed by a record label in 1914
- Independent Chicago label founded in 1950 by Phil & Leonard Chess
- artists included Willie Dixon, Chuck Berry, Muddy Waters, and Bo Diddley
- guitarist invented multi-track recording and "overdubbing"
- designed own 8-track recorded
- 1941: Created his 1st electric guitar
- 1948: single "Lover" had 8 different guitar parts
- 2009: died
- 1955: signed to Sun Records for $35.000
- established Rock N Roll as an unprecedented mass-market phenomenon
- developed hit airplay rotation in the early 1950's
- dominated pop radio and led to payola (pay-for-play)
- 1st all-black programming station
- debuted in 1948
- Memphis R&B DJ
- 1st DJ to play an Elvis Presley record
- 1st famous rock n roll DJ
- 1st DJ to use the term "rock n roll"
- 1955: 1st pop hit "Ain't That a Shame"
- had 13 R&B hits before the pop hit
- 2nd biggest selling recording artist of the 1950's behind Elvis
- production style created "Wall of Sound"
- mainly used female vocal groups
- 1989: inducted into RnR HoF
- sentenced to life in prison for murdering actress Lana Clark
- regular session singer for Phil Spector, many uncredited performances
- inducted into RnR HoF in 2011
- 2013: subject of documentary 20 Feet From Stardom
- jug band music
- guar, tea chest base (pole and string), washboard
- Lonnie Donegan
Love Me Do
first recording success for the Beatles
1962 - George Martin, EMI
- A&R, John Hammond was an influence
- 1st success in 1930's
- 1st prominent white bandleader to hire black players (Piano: Teddy Wilson, Vibraphone/Drums: Lionel Hampton, Arranger: Fletcher Henderson
He was an A&R man
He was influenced by John Hammond
He was the first prominent white bandleader to hire black players
- Initially developed in the late 1920's, popular around 1935
- Between 1935 and 1945, well over half of the records that sold more than 1 mill. copies were made by big dance bands
- promoted through network radio
- founded in 1914
- 1939: licensed around 90% of Tin Pan Alley songs
- Big Band popularity helped influence their push for more royalties from radio which was receiving increased advertising revenue
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers.
- 1940: Broadcasters formed their own PRO
- helped country & R&B songwriters to generate andclaim royalties
Broadcast Music Incorporated. (1940)
- American Federation of Musicians - Founded in 1896
- 1942: AFM called a strike against the record companies
- The union claimed that its members weren't being properly compensated when their records were played.
- Argument: rising popularity of recordings and radio let to lost work for musicians
- Between 1943 & 44, the major labels agreed to pay royalties to musicians
- John & Alan Lomax - pioneers in field recording of folk songs
- John made 1000s of 78s using portable recording equipment provided by the Library of Congress
- early material was recorded by the Lomaxes
- 1950: year after death, the Weavers reached #1 with their version of his song "Goodnight Irene"
- March 2015: 5-CD collection of his work was released by Smithsonian Folkways
- Covers of his songs done by: Led Zeppelin, Nirvana, the Beach Boys, and Tom Jones, +++
- invented the album cover
- previously just labeled on the spine
- staff designer at Columbia Records
- 1939: covers used with 78RPM records
- 1st cover was "Smash Hits" by Rodgers & Hart
- By 1945, nearly every pop record had a designed cover
- magnetic tape (German tech, WWII)
- 1948: intro'd 1st tape recorder with investment from Bing Crosby
- 1954: intro'd 1st multi-track machine
- 1957: delivered 1st 1inch 8-track machine to Les Paul for $10,000
- The invention of microgroove records started it
- 78, 45, and 33 (LP)
- 1948: Columbia intro'd the LP
- The Voice of Frank Sinatra became the first pop LP 33 1/3 disc
- LP: more durable, lighter, longer play, better sound
- Sept. 17, 1931 - LP was invented by RCA (long before commercial availability)
- over 1 mill./month were being pressed in the 1st 6 months after intro
- Late 1950: Columbia was the last major to adopt the 45
- The most significant single figure to emerge in country music immediately after WWII
- "Lovesick Blues" & " Hey, Good Lookin'"
- 1953: died at age 29 from alcohol and rx drug dependence
- 1939: signed to Decca
- Performed with the Tympani Five
- Smaller horn sections, emphasis on rhythm
- 1944 - 1949: scored many pop hits
- Late 1930's: Recorded by Lomax
- Most popular blues musician in Chicago in the late 40's/early 50's
- Co-founder of Atlantic Records
- 1947 - Formed as an R&B label with Herb Abramson
- Hit producer and songwriter with Atlantic
- Died in 2006
- 1951-1954: most popular black female vocalist in America
- Recorded most of her hits with Atlantic
- 1948-49: 1st black musician to host own weekly radio show
- 56-57: 1st black network TV show host
- 1st African American with huge crossover success
- By 1952: 15 mill. singles sold, 5 mill. albums sold, generated 2.5 mill./year for Capitol Records
- 14 top 10 pop hits between 1946 & 54
- black music covered by white artists to appeal to the white population
- Major labels released most of these songs using better distribution and promotion
- 1948: Infringement lawsuit resulted in decision that musical arrangements couldn't be copyrighted
- i.e.: Original - Paula Watson (1947) / Cover - Evelyn Knight (1948)
- Chicago based label
- the first to release a Beatles single in America
- pay for play
- payola hearings were a "political attempt to eliminate RnR"
- DJ Alan Freed was a main target
- Dick Clark was never prosecuted
- 1956: Harry Belefonte became 1st LP by a solo artist to tell a mill. copies in the US
- It spent 39 weeks at #1
- 1st DJ to play R&B for a large, racially mixed audience
- US music producer that launches career of Elvis Presley
- 1954: founded Sun Records and produced Elvis' 1st record
- Launched careers of Johnny Cash, Roy Orbison, and Jerry Lee Lewis
- wrote "Don't Be Cruel", "Return to Sender", and "All Shook Up" for Elvis
- wrote "Great Balls of Fire" for Jerry Lee Lewis
- credited with writing songs that sold more than 185 mill. copies
- inducted into the RnR HoF in 2010 / died May 2002
- New Orleans R&B producer from the 50's to the 70's
- inducted into RnR HoF in 2012
- died Sept 2014
- 1956: 1st pop hit "Tutti Fruitti"
- 1956 : "Long Tall Sally"
- 1957: "Lucille"
- 1958: "Good Golly Miss Molly"
John Lennon's skiffle band
when did the Beatles appear on the Ed Sullivan Show?
Rolling Stones first success, February 1965
when did the Beatles break up?
who started led zepplin in 1968?
Jimmy page, John Paul Jones, Robert plant, John bonham
what year was Tommy by led zepplin?
led zepplin. 1979
the beach boys
Brian, Carl, Dennis Wilson,.Mike LOve, Alan jardine
What was the first tape recorder?
What year were the Virginia Minstrels formed?
what year were the Christy Minstrels formed?
What year was "Oh Susanna" published?
How much did "Oh Susanna" sell for?
Stephen Foster biggest hit, selling 100,000 copies.
"Old Folks At Home"
Last song published by Stephen Foster.
"Beautiful Dreamer" 1864
What song by Stephen Foster was eventually covered by Bob Dylan, Nancy Griffith, and Emmylou Harris.
"Hard Times Come Again No More"
What first full length black Broadway musical did Bert Williams perform in?
"In Dahomey" 1903
What record company did Bert Williams record for?
What lead to the formation of ASCAP?
Tin Pan Alley
First Jazz recording
What pieces did Irving Berlin also compose?
"White Christmas" 1942
"God Bless America" 1938
Turned down the opportunity to become the first musician to make a jazz record
Original Dixieland Jazz Band
Made the first jazz recording (1917)
Know as the King of Jazz
What record label was Mamie Smith under
First blues song ever to be recorded
"Crazy Blues"-Mamie Smith (1920)
Who was credited with introducing the term "race records"?
Who was the first "real star of country music"?
Country star that reflected a family image and played traditional music from 1927-1941
Who invented the album cover
What company did Steinweiss work for?
When and what were album covers used
Steinweiss first smash cover
"Smash Songs Hit" -Rodger & Hart
Pioneers of recording folk songs
John & Alan Lomax
Who made thousands of 78s using portable recording equipment providied by the library of congress
What record company was Ruth Brown on?
Most popular black female vocalist in America between 1951 and 1954
Who designed his own eight track tape recorder?
Les Paul created _______
Created the first electric guitar in 1941
What company helped country and R&B songwriters to generate and claim royalties.
What company was formed from Broadcasters forming their own rights organization?
Hank Williams hits
"Hey, Good Lookin'"
Most significant single figure to emerge in country music
Most popular blues musician in Chicago in the late 1940s and early 1950s
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